Speed dating Federal Way

Story Time: Comandante Rey de Reyes.

2020.10.27 04:53 dev_yo3 Story Time: Comandante Rey de Reyes.

Story Time: Comandante Rey de Reyes.
Subject: Juan Reyes Mejia Gonzalez "Comandante Rey de Reyes" Rey de Reyes literally translates to "King of Kings". Here is a photograph of him.
Born November 18, 1975, Rey de Reyes at this point known as R1, was a commander in Los Rojos of the Gulf Cartel. In mid-2011, he was a candidate for being the plaza boss of the city of Reynosa, Tamaulipas, but he was instead sent to command Miguel Aleman, Camargo, and Ciudad Mier, which were all war zones, where the fight against Los Zetas was raging. The position of Reynosa plaza boss was instead given to Samuel Flores Borrego "Metro 3" by the Gulf Cartel leader El Coss who favoured the Los Metros faction over Los Rojos. This triggered a war between Los Rojos, who allied themselves with Chapo Guzman and the Sinaloa Cartel, and Los Metros, loyal to El Coss, leader of the Gulf Cartel.
Rey de Reyes, still known as R1 joined forces with Rafael Cardenas, the nephew of Osiel Cardenas, to kill Samuel Flores Borrego of Los Metros, who had been given the plaza boss position. On September 2, 2011, two bodies were found, shot multiple times, in an abandoned Ford F-150 truck on the Matamoros-Reynosa highway. One of these bodies was presumed to be Flores Borrego, and DNA testing confirmed that Flores Borrego, Reynosa plaza boss, had been killed. This was the doing of Rey de Reyes or R1. This triggered an all out war between Los Rojos and Los Metros. However both sides still continued fighting Los Zetas, Los Rojos with the help of Chapo Guzman.
A few months later, a video emerged. It was filmed on April 2, 2012. It started off with the message "Comandante Diablo, Comandante Rey de Reyes, and El Chapo are planting terror in Ciudad Victoria. Watch out Zetas assholes, we are coming for you." The video showed sicarios arriving at a prison in Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, and shooting dead two police officers. The video then cut to two Zetas being interrogated by sicarios in a wooded area. They are then both shot and dumped on a roadside. The video ends with another message saying "For all those Zetas assholes that are getting involved in Ciudad Victoria, the only person in command is Comandante Diablo under the orders of Comandante Rey de Reyes". However, this is just the start of Rey de Reyes, now operating under the name Rey de Reyes and his second in command Diablo.
A few days later, late at night in Ciudad Victoria, authorities discover 10 decapitated and dismembered bodies, along with a banner that says something like "These are only the first 10 of yours to fall, if you don’t stop messing in Ciudad Victoria, you and all your dogs will be dead soon. To Z-40 and his rats. Atte. Comandante Diablo under the command of Comandante Rey de Reyes". At this point, Rey de Reyes was barely fighting Los Metros anymore, and was receiving orders directly from Chapo Guzman, sitting in the mountains of Sinaloa.
On May 14, 2012 a video is uploaded to YouTube by an account called "anim trent", titled "Comandante Diablo and Rey de Reyes have fun with Los Zetas". The video starts with a sicario beheading a teen while he is still alive and then carving a "Z" on his stomach to show he was a Zeta. It then cuts to two older men, Zeta sicarios. One is shot in the head and then his arms and legs are chopped off. The other is beheaded and his head is held up to the camera, right before the video cuts to the end.
After this video is released, the identity of the mysterious Rey de Reyes is leaked as Juan Reyes, R1, the Los Rojos boss by Los Zetas. He was previously even speculated to be a pseudonym of Chapo Guzman. Diablo’s identity is also leaked as Hugo Alberto Banderas Padilla.
Two months later, a grisly torture video emerges. 3 women and a man, kneeling, are interrogated by uniformed sicarios bearing the Zetas emblem. A typical video, right? Except when they are asked their name they state "Banderas Padilla". Their mouths are sealed with duct tape. The Zeta in command turns towards the camera, laughs and says, "Look, here’s your shit family, Comandante Diablo". The Zetas then take a wood 2x4, and beat Comandante Diablo’s mother, sister, wife, and brother to death with it. After they are beaten into a literal bloody pulp with the 2x4, the Zeta commander says "To the dirty motherfuckers of Sinaloa and the Gulf, they don’t have balls. Atte. the ones who gave the Gulf their power, Los Zetas".
On July 25, 2012, another video emerges, it slowly starts with someone singing a creepy tune, the kind used in horror movies, sounds very much, a lot like Habanera by Maria Callas. Apparently the translation of the part he sings is:
"Nothing helps... neither threat nor prayer. One man talks well, the other's mum; it's the other one that I prefer. He's silent but I like his looks”
The man is Comandante Diablo, Rey de Reyes’ second in command, whose family was beaten to death by Los Zetas. He turns towards a Zeta, who he has captive, and he tells him to apologize for what he did. The Zeta says "I’m sorry Comandante Diablo and El Senor Comandante Rey de Reyes, forgive me for being part of the filth" Diablo then leaves the room, playing the creepy song that sounds like Habanera on a speaker (I watched the video, the song is very very creepy).
As the song plays, Diablo’s sicarios take a knife and cut out the Zeta’s tongue, then they proceed to stab him and cut him all over, and take out what looks like to be internal organs, and finish by beheading him. Comandante Diablo returns then says "You already fucked my family up but no problem we all know what kind of work we are into. You will cry blood and we'll see who's more of a badass fucking assholes and all the dirty motherfuckers "Zetas" are gonna get fucked up along with all their families like you already did to me so now it’s my turn".
By now, Los Metros has all but defeated Los Rojos, as Rey de Reyes was only fighting Los Zetas, and was working de facto for the Sinaloa Cartel. Because of Los Metros being the only dominant Gulf Cartel faction, Chapo Guzman had made peace with them, and their leader, El Coss, supporting their fight against Los Zetas, giving them weaponry and money, while Rey de Reyes and Diablo also fought the Zetas, effectively also ending the Rojos vs Metros conflict with a Metros victory. However, there were certain elements within the Gulf who blamed Chapo for everything that had gone wrong, all the way since Osiel Cardenas’s capture to the Gulf-Zetas split. These men have killed Comandante Guerra, a Gulf Cartel commander who let Sinaloa drugs pass through his territory without any fees.
To try and fix the situation, it is decided a meeting would take place in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, where Chapo Guzman and Mayo Zambada would be present, representing the Sinaloa Cartel, and El Coss’s lieutenant Mario Ramirez known as "El Pelon" along with another Gulf Cartel high rank, Miguel Villareal "El Gringo". Unknown to Chapo or Rey de Reyes, was the fact that El Pelon is one of those men who have killed Comandante Guerra and are secretly plotting against Chapo. However El Gringo is not a plotter. The date for this meeting is set as August 8, 2012. The day before the meeting, a squad is sent to Matamoros by Chapo Guzman to prepare for the meeting.
By 7 pm, August 7, 2012, the squad, led by Comandante Rey de Reyes reaches Matamoros from Ciudad Victoria to prepare, and set up the meeting spot. As they are driving towards the safehouse, around 8 pm, a series of blockades is setup around the city. Unbeknownst to Chapo or Rey de Reyes, it is El Pelon who has ordered these blockades, because he is one of those men in the Gulf, who are secretly against El Coss and Chapo. The squad runs into one of these blockades, where they are identified and receive heavy fire. They speed away in their trucks, thinking it is Los Zetas who have attacked them, trying to disrupt their peace meeting with the Gulf Cartel. However, they are informed by an anonymous voice on their radio frequency that certain elements within the Gulf Cartel have betrayed them (I want you to guess in the comments who the anonymous voice was). Back in Sinaloa, Mayo informs Chapo Guzman about the situation, and he decides to send backup, however somehow, the backup never made it to Rey de Reyes and his squad.
The squad is chased by sicarios working for El Pelon, who shoot at their trucks, which makes the lead vehicle with Rey de Reyes, and his lieutenant, a commander called El Azul, break down. The squad gets out and returns fire to the Pelon’s sicarios with machine guns and grenade launchers. Miraculously, no one in the squad is killed, however some are wounded, and El Azul is shot multiple times. Rey de Reyes drags him to safety inside one of the other trucks, and the squad hastily speeds back, heading south. They are chased for about 50 kilometers out of Matamoros, after which they lose El Pelon’s sicarios. They reach Ciudad Victoria, where Rey de Reyes radioes his old friend Comandante Diablo for help. Comandante Diablo arrives along with many sicarios, and they take the squad away to safety.
Because of this the Sinaloa Cartel ends their alliance with El Pelon, however they keep their alliance with El Coss, and El Gringo, who was also supposed to be at the meeting, as he sincerely informs Chapo he was not the one who betrayed the squad, but El Pelon. Comandante Rey de Reyes severes the last of his ties with the Gulf and he and Diablo brand themselves as Sinaloa Cartel from then onwards, directly receiving orders from Chapo Guzman.
Just over a month later, El Pelon gives up El Coss to the Marines, who is captured September 12, 2012 without firing a single bullet. El Pelon now becomes the leader of the Gulf Cartel. El Gringo, however, incredibly angry because of Pelon’s betrayal of the squad and El Coss, breaks away from the Gulf and starts working with Comandante Rey de Reyes.
Heavy fighting continued between Comandante Rey de Reyes, and El Gringo on one side vs El Pelon and his men on the other. Both sides also simultaneously fought Los Zetas heavily. It was during this time period that Heriberto Lazcano (Z-3) was killed by Mexican Marines. The fighting continued for around 6 months, until, one night, on March 10, 2013, El Gringo’s convoy was ambushed by forces loyal to El Pelon, in Reynosa, Tamaulipas. A three hour gun battle took place, with no Mexican forces arriving until well after the fighting. Two civilians were killed according to the Mexican government, and more than 50 sicarios combined from both sides were killed. El Gringo was one of the men killed that night.
Soon after his death, the Sinaloa Cartel kidnapped several of Pelon’s sicarios, tortured, beheaded and dismembered them, and then dropped their limbs and heads outside a Gulf Cartel safehouse along with a message. The message read:
"Only as a traitor could you be somebody, Mario Pelon. You betrayed those who fed you just to gain power. However, the Metros decided to trust you, and you ordered an attack from behind on my other associates in Valle Hermoso, Tamaulipas. I'm referring to the man who had my total trust and was the chief of security for El Coss, El Comandante Guerra. You knew that by getting him out of the way you could weaken El Coss's organization, and like a good, treacherous dog, you hit him from behind. Then you set up my principal associate, El Coss, with the Navy in Tampico. Finally, you also betrayed El Gringo; you knew he was in your way to becoming the only leader. And I'm not forgetting what you did to my people when I sent El Azul, El Rey de Reyes and El Comandante Diablo to Matamoros to fix those problems you were having. Again, you attacked from behind, you attacked them when they entered Matamoros. You told me it was Los Zetas; El Azul almost didn't make it, had it not been for El Rey de Reyes. You have failed the Sinaloa federation. That's why, starting right now, the Sinaloa Cartel will cease having any connection with the Gulf Cartel. La Frontera Chica will be my next target. You and all that bunch of Metros who are only good at betrayal, repent all you can because soon I will be in those places, Miguel Aleman, Reynosa, Rio Bravo and Matamoros are too much for you, more than you can handle. Only a capo can control them. You're just a dog who came from the ministerial police.
Atte. El Chapo Guzman"
Chapo sent heavy reinforcements to Comandante Rey de Reyes in Tamaulipas, who fought El Pelon in a prolonged fight for control of Tamaulipas. Eventually on August 17, 2013, just over a year after when he had betrayed Rey de Reyes on that night in Matamoros, El Pelon was captured in a joint operation by the Mexican Army and Marines. Chapo’s reinforcements returned to Sinaloa after this.
Six months later, on February 22, 2014, headlines broke out around the world. The most wanted man on Earth, El Chapo Guzman had been captured by Marines in Mazatlan, Sinaloa. After his capture, Rey de Reyes did not have the backing of Sinaloa anymore, as he had no deal with Mayo or Los Chapitos, and he could not have predicted Chapo would escape by Christmas the next year, so Rey de Reyes ditched the name Comandante Rey de Reyes and started being known again as El R1, leader of Los Rojos. He and his remaining men, along with remaining cells of Los Rojos, together were once again called Los Rojos. In November 2014, two narco-banners appeared in Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, a few days apart.
Both narco-banners announced the alliance of Los Rojos with a Comandante Kelin of a Zetas faction called Los Zetas Unidos. Comandante Kelin was Rogelio Rolando Gonzalez Pizana. Z-2. Supreme Leader of Los Zetas after Z-1 and before Z-3. He had just been released from prison after serving 10 years. However this arrangement didn’t last very long. One week after the second banner was placed, Z-2 was killed by Los Metros along with family in Matamoros, Tamaulipas.
Comandante Rey de Reyes is still alive and free. He will turn 45 years old in three weeks. The DEA offers $5 million for information leading to his capture. Here is his latest photograph.
submitted by dev_yo3 to NarcoFootage [link] [comments]


2020.10.23 08:16 Killer_The_Cat BTWH Frequently Asked Questions

Gameplay
Q: When will the mod release?
A: We plan to release a demo set in the New England region first, before an initial release later. There are no firm release dates for either: we will announce them when we get closer to release. (If you would like to speed up this process, you should join the mod! :P)
Q: Is the rest of the world on the map?
A: The map only covers North America: Canada, the United States, Mexico, and portions of the Carribean and Central America.
Q: I noticed that Alaska and Hawaii aren’t on the map. Will they eventually be on the map?
A: In a later update, although that might not be on release.
Q: Will Canada/Mexico/the Rest of North America have content?
A: Yes, there are plans for the entire map to have content. This probably won’t happen in the initial release, however.
Q: Will there be a new tech tree?
A: Yes.
Q: Will this mod be more gameplay-focused (like Kaiserreich) or more narrative-focused (like TNO)?
A: This is primarily a narrative-based mod, perhaps even more so than TNO. However, that doesn’t mean we’re ignoring gameplay - we aim to design the story and gameplay in a way which compliment each other.
Q: How long does the mod last?
A: The mod starts on May 1st, 1969. It is planned to run until the mid-80s (provisionally, May 1st,1985.)
Lore
Q: Why is a civil war happening?
A: Check the initial Dev Diary. TLDR: A series of corrupt and reactionary presidents drive the civil rights movement underground, decentralizes the federal government, and lays the seeds for a military coup which destroys the foundation of American democracy.
Q: What is the Denver Government?
A: The Denver Government constitutes the remnants of the federal government that have retreated to their new base in Denver. It is one of the central factions in the mod.
Q: Where is (X historical figure) in the mod?
A: Wait and see, and make sure you’re watching the teasers on discord! Part of the fun of BTWH is seeing historical figures both obscure and renown within the context of a civil war.
Q: How do all these movements have so much support?
A: We use the 12x rule as a rough estimate- meaning that any radical organization has about twelve times their original number. The much more chaotic and violent political atmosphere of the BTWH timeline has led to a corresponding growth of support to militant left and right wing organizations. The average person is not necessarily more radical than our timeline - they are just more willing to accept violence as a means for social change.
Q: Why are the south and midwest different colours to the rest of the starting map?
A: They are part of the Governor’s Pact and Midwest Civil Defense Alliance, respectively, alliances designed to contain the uprisings facing their territories. Due to the immediate threat to the state governments, they are unable to act in complete accordance with the Denver Government. They still de-jure recognize their authority however.
Q: What are all of these red spots on the starting map?
A: These are the various revolutionary movements that exist at the start of the game, the:
A large variety of new organisations and revolts can show up dynamically later during the game, of course.
Q: What’s the difference between the new and old left?
A: The Old Left tends to be more skeptical of what is nowadays described as identity politics (feminism, black nationalism, gay rights, etc). Additionally, the New Left almost universally rejects reformism, tends to be skeptical towards the “United States” as an entity, and is highly devoted to the ideology of Mao Zedong and Jiang Qing.
Q: What’s the point of divergence (PoD) for this mod’s alternate history?
A: Hubert Humphrey is unable to deliver his renowned speech at the 1948 Democratic National Convention (in OTL), which leads to a split between southern and progressive factions within the party over civil rights. This results in a far stronger Progressive Party than in OTL, a loss for Truman to Dewey in the 1948 elections, and subsequent MacArthur-backed nuclear strikes on China and the DPRK in the Korean War.
Q: What is happening in Cuba?
A: During the Goldwater presidency (see Dev Diary I), a full-scale invasion of Cuba took place. Cuba starts under a US-aligned administration, but has an active insurgency.
Q: What is happening in St. Pierre and Miquelon? Will France have content?
A: At one point in development there was extensive content planned but the lore was judged to be too outlandish to incorporate - so unfortunately there is no French content.
Q: Who leads China in the mod?
A: Chairwoman Jiang Qing, the wife of Mao Zedong (who died in the atomic bombing of Beijing during the Korean War).
Q: Who leads the Soviet Union at start?
A: Nikita Khrushchev.
Q: Who leads the Denver Government at the start of the mod?
A: John W. McCormack, a Democratic politician who took over the presidency in the aftermath of McGovern’s resignation (see Dev Diary I).
Q: Who are the ‘Funny Sword People’ or ‘CSAL’?
A: The CSAL (The Covenant, the Sword, and the Arm of the Lord) are a Christian fundamentalist organisation that will feature in the mod.
Q: Are all the characters within the mod real people?
A: Yep! Every single person given a full name is a real person who lived within the time period. Some of them might be pretty obscure, however - there are quite a few leaders who don’t have wikipedia pages.
Team Structure
Q: Who is the lead dev? Who came up with this idea?
A: Laura (@anarchomastia on discord) is the lead dev of BTWH.
Q: Wait, is she that one-
A: Yes, she is that CHAZ person.
Q: How do I join the team?
A: You can apply as either a writer, a coder, or an artist using the dev application sheet!
Q: I applied but I never heard back!
A: We tend to onboard applicants based on our present needs. We often go back through older applications and ask if folks are still interested in working on the team - it’s all about if we have a specific project for you to get to work on!
Q: If I join the team, will I be able to implement (X) idea I had?
A: Woah there cowboy! New factions and lore isn’t implemented by individuals - this is a collaborative project, and so our lore and setup is ultimately collaborative too. Especially as a new team member, you won’t be able to implement all the pet projects you want - you’re gonna have to run things by our regional coordinator and lead developer. If you can make a case for it fitting within the theme, lore, and setting of the mod, it might just get a stamp of approval.
Another important thing to note: BTWH isn’t a memefest - it aims to be a relatively serious narrative-focused mod, and so anything implemented can’t just be for the memes - it has to be based on real life political movements and people! If you want to implement something super wacky to the mod, you should wait til release and make a submod!
Community
Q: What is a “yooper”?
A: Yoopers are the inhabitants of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan (sometimes referred to as “Superior”). They have gained notoriety among the BTWH community due to their rather humorous flags and merchandise that publicize the area, often proclaiming “AMERICAN BY CHOICE, YOOPER BY DA GRACE OF GOD”. This has led to quite a few memes based off of these flags and “yooper culture” in general.
Q: ...Solanas?
A: Valerie Jean Solanas (1936-1988) was an American lesbian feminist and activist, most notable for writing the SCUM Manifesto and for her attempted murder of pop artist Andy Warhol in 1968. Her rather esoteric feminist beliefs (notably advocating the abolition of men through various means including eugenics and the medical altering of the mind) has lead to quite a few in-jokes about her and her ideology. She co-leads a radical feminist faction in NYC in the mod.
Q: Why are there so many trans people in the community? I’m not complaining, just, wow.
A: Yeah, we’re not sure either.
submitted by Killer_The_Cat to BTWHmod [link] [comments]


2020.10.22 08:00 Bigbluebuttonman Red Blood

Ever since humanity had entered the fold of The Galactic Alliance (GA) in 3071, human years, tensions had unfolded. In the first talks that had taken place between The Federation and the representatives of The Galactic Council (GC), the human diplomats had always been accompanied by certain advisors, quiet and stoic, saying nothing most of the time.
The talks were typical for interactions between the GC and prospective members, but these advisors, silent watchers, would always walk up and whisper something in the ears of the human diplomats that couldn’t be heard or understood by the GC.
When pressed by the council, the diplomats replied, “Just keeping us up to date on defense and security.” Nonchalance on the matter only made interactions fuzzier. However, there was no outward aggression or other indication that humanity would be a problem. Human diplomats were just peculiar. So, the GC let humanity in.
Outside of the secrecy, the humans were perceived as an above-average species. Space travel was sub-par with faster than light (FTL) engines reaching half of the standard performance and a fourth of the top engines.
Infrastructure was in the middle of the road. The technological level was above average for the species upon entering. Their mathematics had catching up to do.
Biology didn’t seem to be on their side. They were fleshy, not hard-skinned, and not very nimble. They couldn’t climb surfaces very quickly or climb very many of them. Strength was lacking, mobility was lacking. Human immune systems were weak.
Outside of these impressions, the rumor mill spun up about secretive aspects of The Federation. On the fringes, conspiracy theories of plans to attack the GA or subvert it abounded. These theories and other skepticisms merely continued the more the GA’s citizens got hints and whiffs of The Federation’s system of governance.
“Compartmentalization.”
“Contingency plans.”
“Need-to-know basis.”
Federation diplomats continuously put on the smiley face every time their secrecy came into question. GA citizens could never tell if they were truly genuine but most hoped for sincerity on the part of the diplomats and granted the benefit of the doubt in the end. Overall, the alien species found little reason to be afraid of humans on the surface, other than the curiosities.
Shortly following membership status, about a month’s time, the exchange of peoples began. Humans would visit the alien worlds and aliens would visit the human worlds. Handshakes would be made...where possible. Tourists would gaze upon cultural wonders. As the early interactions with humans continued, affairs did not go without incident. Accidents happened. Sometimes a human would cut themselves within the sights of others. Usually while making food or while running around in a drunken stupor.
Accounts circulated into the galactic press and the rumor mill went to town. Old legends and myths were called up. Eventually, it was confirmed.
Yes, they had red blood. Crimson red. No previous civilized species in the known galactic worlds had it, and those worlds that did were inhabited only by primitive species that hadn’t yet reached the full range of sentience that the developed member states did...their trait reserved for only the most ferocious of worlds.
The GA had experience with red-blooded worlds, where the majority of the species bled red. Horror stories of explorers and even gaggles of armed mercenaries getting lost in these worlds and never coming back were common. The vicious sights and creatures of these worlds haunted GA member constituencies. Myth and legend abounded about why red-blood species differed this way. If one wanted to sit around the campfire and scare friends, just tell a story or two about red-blooded monsters. While a civilization had not yet developed out of these worlds whose beings bled crimson, they were theorized. The hypotheticals were never pretty to GA constituencies, especially so with myth and legend to fuel the fear. A red-blooded, developed society became the ultimate bogeyman to many of the GA worlds.
Most species had a collective freak-out, instantly connecting the secretive behavior of the diplomats to blood, although they could not justify any connection beyond their own suspicions.
Demands came to bar the humans from the alliance, cut off all trade relations, block space travel beyond a specified no-go zone, and leave them to skulk in their own little space room. In essence, the galactic equivalent of being grounded.
Some species, however, proposed more extreme “preventative measures.”
Interventionist proposals from these member states included total subjugation or mass deportation. Sterilization and mass killing were demanded by the harshest of individuals, largely the rantings of rabid thinkers with influence. Get them while they’re weaker.
The GC insisted on reigning in the behaviors of increasingly rogue powers, seeking to contain the humans but avoid an unnecessary war. It did no good. By the time any real move was made to restore order and deliberate on official policy, ships were already entering into human space.
The Galactic Council was convinced the humans would lose. Too unwilling to plunge the GA into civil war and too prejudiced against humanity, they made no further actions to stop the rogues.
Upon arrival at Yaris-6, a human colony world, the humans were initially confused until the ships fired upon the planet’s metropolitan areas. Defenses fired back and were silenced in response. The ships landed, unloaded their troops, and massacred a population of tens of millions in a matter of weeks.
Moments after the first shots had been fired, an emergency communication system using the principles of quantum entanglement immediately alerted all other human colonies and homeworlds. The network was little good for anything other than the galactic equivalent of morse code but sufficient for the task of instantly updating the whole of The Federation. And so, “contingency plans” were put into motion.
The invading alien force started with five human colonies, striking Yaris-6 first and attacking the rest in succession. With all human colonies alerted to the nature of the attack, affairs ground to a halt on the subsequent targets. Once orbiting fleets blasted anti-space defenses into the dirt, the ensuing ground troops found themselves bogged down, the invasion reduced to a snail’s pace.
Far more humans were armed than during the first colony massacre, making every square meter a battle, no matter the location. For every five humans killed, one of theirs went, but there were always more humans around the corner. Combat was slow, tedious, and brutal. Humans didn’t fight fair. Guerrillas would sneak behind lines under any cover they could, and detonate themselves with explosives, or commit other butcheries on the enemy where possible. It was easy to do so after Yaris-6. Even though the task force had sought to destroy much of the industries in the orbital attack, the numbers of weapons, small, medium, or heavy, that the defenders still brought to bear were shocking and unprecedented compared to the expectations of the alien fleet with the first encounter in mind.
It was taking months to clear any city. Space affairs were not quiet in the meantime. Occasionally, a few ships would interject into the affair. Not large but hard to hit, very nimble. They tended to poke holes in large battleships and attempt to discharge “deck clearers” into them like a poison dart injecting its dose. The attacks were mostly failures. The ships were not well-acquainted with the arsenal of the alien fleets and could only guess where to poke a hole to force in breaching forces. But one such attack eventually yielded success.
Too preoccupied with the ground war to deal with the “gnats,” the fleet commanders didn’t notice when one of their smaller ships disappeared not with an explosion but with the flash of FTL engines.
A year into the invasion, the fleets obligated to just bombard the remaining strongholds for a few months straight, even if it left survivors for later disposal, and move on to the next systems on their checklists.
When the fleets arrived at dedicated homeworld systems, the war was over. Homeworlds were surrounded by a gigantic swarm of ships and further aided by equally vast defensive installations. Superiority in arms was not enough to win the day. One hasty exchange of blows later, the alien fleets retreated, but not before losing most of their numbers.
Upon returning, the rogue nations began preparing for the inevitable, scared witless by the last battle, building up the fleets they could with their existing industrial war capacity and preparing for an invasion.
For years, it never came. There were reports of activity here and there, of ships quickly blipping in and out, before disappearing back into the void. No doubt the rogue nations figured it was a scouting activity but could never ascertain what they really knew and how it would factor into the impending invasion.
Finally, the hammer fell, and the human fleets pierced the territories of the rogue GA members with blistering speed. Federation fleets were jumping between systems faster than any other GA fleet could, leaving battered systems behind. Any possible ground defense, space installation, or other logistical military assets, were hit with extraordinary force the moment fleets entered a system. The most that would be reported of these encounters were of large fleets blipping in and swiftly unloading cargoes on priority targets that were already picked out in advance.
Every alien ship met a different fate. Sometimes swarms of small fighters ate away at the ship defenses, leaving it open to heavy artillery from the main fleet’s support ships. Sometimes breaching crews would do the dirty work, perfected from previous experience, even commandeering some ships and turning them against the enemy. Other times, straight ship-to-ship combat ensued, with battleships and battlecruisers exchanging blows directly.
The rogue nations surrendered in short order, two months into the counter-invasion, in 3075. Afterward, The Galactic Council asked The Federation for leniency, to heal open wounds and mend broken relationships. Such sentiments were not genuine desires for clemency; they only wanted the closest thing to the status quo of 3070.
The Federation ignored them.
Most aliens on the occupied planets were killed within the span of two years, with only a very select few taken in for “scientific analysis.” With worlds swept of alien life, the humans plundered everything else of value from the worlds following the purge, whether the remnants of an entire civilization’s history, culture, and technology, or planetary resources to feed the industrial bloodline of humanity.
Responding to the horrified GC’s “babbling,” one human diplomat gruffly replied...
”Did you wail and scream this much when you left us all to die?”
In the developing decades, the alliance members, what was left of them, found themselves ruthlessly strong-armed.
“You can’t go there.”
“You must pay this much money.”
“We want five ships to be allowed to patrol these worlds.”
And many more demands aside. Every time, the alliance acquiesced. What could they do when a massacre was the alternative?
By 3200, the GA could hardly consider itself anything more than a vassal state. While their power was whittled away, they had decades of time to grieve their status as a fallen empire. Decades of time to lament the fate of the GC’s subjugation. Decades of time to rage at the laws pushed on its constituents.
Decades of time to reflect.
If there was one benefit in the aftermath of the war, the scholars and intellectuals of the GA had plenty of opportunities to research why they lost. Investigative efforts were made easier by collaboration with a human society that was both all too willing to brag about its history and all too eager to figure out what supposedly made their blood so vile as to justify the unprovoked invasion.
Humanity spent every waking moment of its life embroiled in war...with itself. It was practically a pass time.
The natural consequence of red blood.
Why the fluid made species more volatile and brutal still wasn’t quite understood by humanity or the subjugated territories, just that it did.
Regular worlds in the alien territories were considered “pastoral" and "tame" by the standards of the humans' birth world, Earth. As much as humans found themselves bewildered at how any life on these worlds developed into civilizations, the other species were equally bewildered at them. Humans found such worlds, from their perspective, too conducive to a genetic complacency. The GA found red-blooded worlds too chaotic and prone to harming genetic progress more than helping.
Regardless, the difference between the evolutionary paths was the difference between calm rivers and raging oceans.
GA’s species developed “gracefully” by comparison. Humanity developed as viciously as the world before lived and breathed. In a constant state of perpetual war. First against nature, then with itself. War ebbed and flowed but never stopped. Not until the discovery of tangible evidence for the existence of alien life.
Every facet of the human experience could be traced back, in one way or another, to the drive to survive against the competition, from other animals, the elements, or themselves. No other member species of the GA endured this prior to membership.
Consequently, in every way besides the technological disparity between the GA and The Federation upon first contact, humanity was overwhelmingly better at war. The collective experience and almost ceaseless pool of knowledge around humanity’s wars granted The Federation adaptability in war that no other species had, tactically and strategically, using any means available.
In the arc of development, human nations eventually always had plans on the stand-by. They needed to, just in case.
Another result of constant war-making was the weaponization of the entire society. The ultimate manifestation of war. Every element of civilization dedicated to victory. Any sacrifice allowed. All barriers removed. When death was the only alternative, and the population was cornered, nothing was off the table. A situation repeated multiple times in human history and not once in the GA’s.
The Federation in 3071 thus held expertise in immediately shifting its civilization’s assets to a war footing in a short time span and in accordance with any battle plans on hand. Humans wrote the plans with any knowledge possible that indicated the potential attacks that could likely occur and how they would unfold. If any specifics were difficult, they wrote up a set of hypotheticals and the signs to indicate which one was the most likely strategy employed by a potential invading enemy at the outbreak.
When the first alien ships struck, one such plan was chosen, informing all colony worlds to follow the plan’s outlines with haste. Logistical operations shifted in concert. The human predictions ranged from an invading force going planet to planet destroying the surfaces with impunity to almost entirely engaging on the ground. The invaders’ strategy was somewhere in the middle, an extension of GA forces’ existing tactical doctrines.
During the life span of the GA constituent species, space versions of naval warfare and island-hopping strategies and tactics developed; bombard to soften hard targets, land troops to conquer the territory, a game that humanity had already played and perfected. GA worlds kept military and civilian affairs generally separate, in peacetime or not, along with militaries maintained at relatively small size proportional to the whole population. Once it was clear someone was going to lose, the other side surrendered and submitted to the terms and conditions.
GA species were not unfamiliar with the concept of annihilating worlds. They had the means to create weapons to do so, they just didn’t want to. They didn’t wish to engage with even the remote possibility of Mutually Assured Destruction; it was madness to them. Some weapons were perceived as too dangerous to be wielded by any species. Very few weapons of mass destruction left the drawing board; none deployed or even used. That, and ruthlessly glassing worlds might forego other financially exploitive opportunities.
Altogether, GA worlds engaged in little more than the human equivalent of skirmishes on a galactic scale.
Because they couldn’t stomach doing anything else.
They all implicitly agreed they’d rather not flood their worlds with traumatized veterans, subject their own civilian populations to untold horrors as a matter of course, or endure the social consequences of fully militarizing society, let alone face existential risks. No member constituency cared about what other societies had to deal with, just what they would deal with, and all the board moves were made accordingly.
Humanity could stomach far more sacrifices. Especially when cornered.
The GA lacked any extensive plans particular to the human context by the time the invasion began. The rogues simply took their existing militaries and threw it at the humans in a paranoid, schizophrenic gut reaction...a strategy ripe for exploitation.
Federation industry went into overtime producing weapons and ships to post-pone the invaders, coupled with appropriate tactics. In the long run, any attempt to appropriate technology was used, landing humanity a top-grade FTL engine during the war. And while the enemy was held at bay, humanity was producing a wall of steel across its worlds to consolidate itself at the frontline and eventually clog the invasion when it hit this wall and flush it out of humanity’s system.
The final defense force against the initial alien invasion was in fact crudely drawn up, something revealed to the GA remains decades into the post-war years. With the pace of the invasion force, humanity couldn’t make any ship or weapon more advanced than the enemy’s weapons, but they could make far more of them. After all, The Federation merely needed to get the enemy off their territory to allow itself breathing room and time to build a proper force for a counter-invasion.
With appropriated technology, humanity did. In less than a decade, the GA’s rogue nations paid the price for their actions.
Now humanity owns the Milky Way. If the Galactic Alliance could, they would have fled to the Andromeda by now, maybe warn others of the threat. They cannot, however, for when they wake up from the dream of a galaxy without humans, their eyes open to meet the endless fleets of battlecruisers hovering above each and every one of their worlds.
Wrote this story for an e-community's writing contest on a discord server. Figured it fit with the theme, so I tweaked it a bit and decided to put it here. Hope everyone enjoys it, this is my first submission to the subreddit that I've spent a good time following and enjoying.
submitted by Bigbluebuttonman to HFY [link] [comments]


2020.10.21 01:02 Watchdogs66 Our "Drive to 245": The Twenty-Sixth Step

The Drive To 245: Deprive the GOP In 25
 
In 2014 and with 234 House seats, the NRCC launched the “Drive to 245” campaign for the 2014 midterms, which focused on securing 245 seats for the 114th Congress. At the close of the midterms, they ended up picking up 13 seats, putting their new majority to 247 seats, 2 seats above the goal. For the majority of this election cycle, we had at least 234 House seats to start with, until a turncoat in disguise switched to the GOP in December 2019 (get fucked Jeff Van Drew) and we lost one of our districts in a May 2020 special election (get your act together Christy Smith). Despite these setbacks, getting to 245 seats in the next election is possible for us to achieve, if we are smart about it.
 
In late November 2018, I began by compiling an initial list of 25 potential districts that could give us the necessary gains for us to make the necessary net gain of 10 seats to fulfill our “Drive to 245” campaign goal. I then outlined the state representatives and state senators that we have on our side that live within (or at least represent a good portion of) the identified districts in the second step, which was split into parts one and two. These local officials are often our first line of offense when it comes to selecting appropriate candidates to flip GOP congressional districts, as these people often start out with significant amounts of name recognition (at least compared to most political novices), developed campaign infrastructures, and established donor networks to draw on. In the third step, I explored four different ways that these state representatives and state senators can help promising candidates build a solid platform to flip these 25 districts, even if we are not able to recruit any of these seasoned individuals themselves. I then proceeded to identify every individual local county Democratic organization within in each of these 25 districts to determine how much of a viable network exists towards flipping any of these districts, and whether any of them appear to be fledgling and underfunded, which was split into parts one, two, and three. I then proceeded to draw up rough battle plans to recruit the best candidates that are suitable towards making the necessary gains for the proposed 245 House seats, which I covered in parts one, two, and three. Since then, I updated my list of 25 districts to better reflect the developments that have occurred since November 2018, as well as the candidates from our end that have filed in those districts. After that, I covered updated game plans for the updated 25 districts, which was again split into parts one, two, and three. Another comprehensive update to the list was conducted in early July to account for the GOP retirements, lack of Democratic candidate recruitment for several districts, and other remarkable events that have occurred, all of which have been documented in said update. From there, more detailed plans were made that illustrated the overall status of the Democratic campaigns for each of these districts, which can be found in parts one, two, three, and four. These plans also highlighted which candidates appeared to have the most organized campaigns for each district, and which ones out of these strongest candidates needed the most assistance in terms of fundraising. Donation plans were also made that could sufficiently help out these struggling candidates, if every active user of this subreddit took part. After that, I provided a detailed plan for defending our 5 most endangered Democratic incumbents for this cycle. I next discussed the different methods that volunteers can help out a campaign, and what good campaigns should provide in such activities to optimize their voter outreach effectiveness, both of which can be found in parts one and two. In October 2019, I then provided another comprehensive review of the 25 districts that are the most likely to flip blue and the ideal strategies to accomplish that goal, which can be found in parts one, two, three, and four. After that, I provided an update on the overall status of our top 5 most endangered incumbents, and posted a rescue plan to help out the least financially stable campaigns, both of which can be found in this post. My next step provided day-by-day calendars highlighting volunteer events within the targeted 25 districts that helped participants develop vital Democratic infrastructure in those areas. These calendars, which ran from October 31 to January 15, can be found in parts one, two, three, and four. In late January, I gave a third update on the top 5 incumbents to defend this cycle. At the start of February 2020, I gave a fresh analysis of the 25 districts with the best chances of going blue, which are provided in parts one, two, three, and four. I then jumped to a day-by-day calendar of volunteer events of congressional campaigns operating throughout the 25 districts, which was originally planned to be released in four parts. However, the quickly deteriorating COVID-19 situation has forced this series to be suspended halfway through this step. The two calendars provided in this step, which ran from February 7 to March 19, can be found here and here. In April 2020, I provided an updated study of the 25 districts with the highest chances of flipping as well as the optimal strategies for each of these districts, which was delivered in parts one, two, three, and four. Later in May 2020, I provided another update on the top 5 incumbents to defend this cycle and their performances. I subsequently proceeded in June 2020 to provide a list of the competitive state house and state senate districts that overlapped one of the 30 congressional districts that this series targeted or defended, which was delivered in parts one, two, three, and four. Starting in late July 2020, I provided an updated perspective of the 25 districts with the highest chances of flipping as well as the optimal strategies for each of these districts, all of which were provided in parts one, two, three, and four. Shortly thereafter in August 2020, I provided a fresh update on the campaign status of the top 5 incumbents to defend this cycle. From there, I supplied a fresh view on the status of our campaigns in competitive state house and state senate districts that overlapped one of the 30 congressional districts that was targeted or defended by this series, which was given in parts one, two, three, and four. Next, I provided a calendar highlighting the important dates for the congressional campaigns operating within the 30 districts targeted and defended by this series. In October 2020, I provided a final comprehensive review of the 25 districts with the highest chances of flipping as well as the optimal strategies to pursue for each of these districts, which was delivered in parts one, two, three, and four.
 
This step will provide a final update on the top 5 battleground Democratic-held districts as well as our general standing in each of these districts. It will begin with a key change to take into account several developments which have occurred since the last time that this series has discussed congressional defense plans. Xochitl Torres Small from NM-02 will replace Lucy McBath from GA-06 on the list. The reasons for making this change are listed below:
  1. The race for GA-06 has moved toward us, with Sabato’s Crystal Ball recently changing their rating for this district from Lean D to Likely D. With a rating like that, and with other pundits making similar favorable changes for this district, I honestly do not see a compelling reason to keep the district on the list, while there are several districts that we hold that have moved away from us over the course of this year. NM-02 is one of these districts, with Inside Elections recently moved this district from Tilt D to a Tossup. A change like that is definitely a warning sign for us to consider and a prompt to step up our efforts there.
  2. GA-06 has trended towards us on the presidential level over the years, with the district voting for Romney by 23.3 points to narrowly voting for Trump by just 1.5 points. The district also voted for Stacey Abrams in the gubernatorial election by 3.5 points, which further indicates that it has turned against the GOP in a big way. NM-02 has exhibited the opposite trends presidentially, with the district voting for Romney by 6.8 points to voting for Trump by 10.2 points. Also, the district voted for Steve Pearce by 6.4 points in the gubernatorial election, demonstrating that it is still allied with the GOP for the time being.
  3. The reasons why GA-06 was on the top 5 endangered list in the first place was admittedly weak and a reaction to our 2017 special election loss there. Fortunately, the messaging and organization problems in that special election do not seem to be present. Also, we are already effectively using a template for defeating the GOP opponent, Karen Handel, in the same way that we did in 2018, and have plenty of new attack material to go along with it. Because of this, Karen Handel isn’t gaining any notable ground in her campaign. Conversely, the template for defeating the GOP opponent, Yvette Herrell, does not seem to be as effective, as former Democratic Representative Harry Teague endorsed Yvette Herrell’s candidacy. Developments such as this has caused Yvette Herrell’s campaign to gain some momentum during the past several months, especially over oil and natural gas issues.
 
Now that I have explained my reasoning for the change, the overall status of the top 5 vulnerable incumbents where our help will be the most valued will now be covered. The 5 endangered districts in question, all of which we flipped in 2018, are: NM-02, NY-22, SC-01, OK-05, and UT-04. In particular, the incumbents from SC-01, OK-05, and UT-04 are first term representatives that reside in a state that has a GOP-held U.S. Senate seat up in 2022. This means that if any of these three incumbents get re-elected, they will most certainly be considered as viable candidates to run for these seats, which could significantly improve our performance in the 2022 cycle, a cycle where most of our best Senate pickups reside. So there is a rather high reward to successfully defending these incumbents for the purposes of building benches that are generally small on our end for those states.
For this step, the attributes provided for each of the 5 battleground districts include the incumbent’s campaign website, the incumbent’s cumulative fundraising numbers according to the Q3 reports, the cumulative Q3 2020 fundraising figures of each GOP nominee, the Cook PVI, and the bluest rating that the political pundits have issued. An updated analysis is also included below this data to provide the incumbent’s overall status, as well as an overall strategy to optimize Democratic organization efforts in the district in question. For the case of Xochitl Torres Small, a list of counties that her district at least partially covers will be provided to get it up to speed with the other four districts. As with previous county lists that this series have covered, a minus sign next to the county denotes the fact that the Democratic party for that county does not have an official website, meaning that the Democratic county party is most likely underfunded (or at least lacking in web design). For those counties, the Facebook website has been provided for that county, if available. If an official Democratic County website is available for any of the "minused" counties, providing this would be highly appreciated.
NM-02 (Xochitl Torres Small, R+6, Lean D):
Bernalillo County: https://bernalillodems.org/ Catron County (-): https://www.facebook.com/Democratic-Party-of-Catron-County-299589013830152/ Chaves County: https://democraticpartyofchavescounty.org/ Cibola County (-): https://www.facebook.com/CibolaCountyDems/ De Baca County (-): No Website Found Doña Ana County: http://donaanademocrats.com/ Eddy County (-): No Website Found Grant County: https://www.gcdp-nm.org/ Guadalupe County (-): No Website Found Hidalgo County (-): No Website Found Lea County: https://www.leacountydems.com/ Lincoln County: https://www.dplcnm.org/ Luna County: https://www.lunacountydemocrats.com/ McKinley County: https://mckinleycountydemocrats.org/ Otero County: http://www.dpoc.org/ Roosevelt County (-): https://www.facebook.com/rooseveltcountydemocrats/ Sierra County: https://sierracountynewmexicodemocrats.org/ Socorro County (-): https://www.facebook.com/groups/SocorroDems/ Valencia County: https://www.valenciademocrats.org/
Q3 Fundraising Numbers: $6,980,281
GOP Q3 Fundraising Numbers: Yvette Herrell: $2,339,800
Campaign Website: https://www.xochforcongress.com/
As of now, the race is leaning towards Xochitl Torres Small’s way, but Yvette Herrell should not be underestimated at all due to the GOP-favored nationalization that is taking place in this district. Xochitl Torres Small’s fundraising numbers are very good at this point in the election cycle, meaning that she is well prepared to get out the vote in a greater magnitude than she did in 2018. The latest polls for this district show Xochitl Torres Small with a slight edge over Yvette Herrell, which prompts a need to proceed at full organizing strength to hold this district. These efforts should be focused on Catron, Cibola, De Baca, Eddy, Guadalupe, Hidalgo, Roosevelt, and Socorro Counties, as the Democratic county parties there are rather underfunded. Bolstering our efforts in these areas would help improve our margins for this district.
NY-22 (Anthony Brindisi, R+6, Tossup):
Q3 Fundraising Numbers: $5,083,017
GOP Q3 Fundraising Numbers: Claudia Tenney: $1,850,562
Campaign Website: https://www.brindisiforcongress.com/
Right now, the race remains no worse than a pure Tossup since the GOP nominee, Claudia Tenney, has a very clear history of underperforming the Republican baseline and has committed a few mishaps throughout her campaign. These mishaps include a botched rollout, her stances against federal aid for state and local governments, and her well-known anti-Italian comments. Anthony Brindisi’s fundraising pace is decent at this point in the election cycle, and the latest polling for this district shows him with a sizable lead. Finally, recent reports say that the local Democratic infrastructure in Cortland County has improved since January 2020. However, additional support should go to Chenango and Herkimer Counties, as the Democratic county parties there are rather underfunded. A little targeted support in these counties can noticeably improve our margins there.
SC-01 (Joe Cunningham, R+10, Lean D):
Q3 Fundraising Numbers: $5,970,912
GOP Q3 Fundraising Numbers: Nancy Mace: $4,385,905
Campaign Website: https://www.joecunninghamforcongress.com/
This particular race has quickly begun to lean our way, with the latest polls showing Joe Cunningham with at least a slight edge. However, Nancy Mace, the GOP nominee, is a relative moderate with regards to abortion. She recently fought to include exceptions for rape and incest, and she will almost certainly will use this to further her appeal to the general election voters. Also, Nancy Mace does not seem prone to making any obvious gaffes or alienating any moderate GOP voters, unlike Katie Arrington who made some considerable mistakes in both of these categories after her successful primary challenge against Mark Sanford in 2018. Finally, Nancy Mace has a rather strong military background from her background of being the Citadel’s first female graduate, which is political gold in a pro-military state like South Carolina. Fortunately, Joe Cunningham’s fundraising pace is still excellent, his advertising is top-notch, and local sources say that he is generally well-liked and responsive to constituent concerns. Also, recent reports state that the local Democratic infrastructure in Berkeley County has improved since August 2019. However, additional grassroots efforts should be made in Colleton County, as the Democratic county party there is rather underfunded. The district is a crucial area for South Carolina Democrats to build a future offensive towards turning the state blue in 10 years from now, and losing it would set them a long way back from doing so.
OK-05 (Kendra Horn, R+10, Tossup):
Q3 Fundraising Numbers: $5,120,012
GOP Q3 Fundraising Numbers: Stephanie Bice: $2,761,427
Campaign Website: https://www.kendrahornforcongress.com/
We definitely need to be at the top of our game for this district, as Kendra Horn is currently slightly trailing Stephanie Bice, the GOP nominee, according to the district’s latest polls. First of all, Kendra Horn’s vote to impeach Trump has definitely hurt her standing with the district’s voters, particularly among the independent electorate. Also, Kendra Horn rode on Drew Edmondson’s coattails in her 2018 run, and her margin of victory was smaller than Drew Edmondson’s gubernatorial campaign was (50.7%-49.3% compared to 53.9%-43.7%). And most recently, Kendra Horn is taking some fire for her votes to limit drilling on some federal lands, which does not go well in Oklahoma due to the state’s energy-dependent economy. Fortunately, Kendra Horn’s fundraising continues to be excellent so we still have a decent chance to hold this district. Organization in Pottawatomie and Seminole Counties needs to be improved, as the Democratic county parties there are underfunded and need resources to keep the GOP margins there down. Given that we have continued to lose ground at the state legislative level in the 2018 midterms, keeping this seat is crucial to keeping a modicum of a bench for the next decade.
UT-04 (Ben McAdams, R+13, Lean D):
Q3 Fundraising Numbers: $4,823,199
GOP Q3 Fundraising Numbers: Burgess Owens: $3,564,939
Campaign Website: https://www.benmcadams.com/
Burgess Owens, the GOP nominee, has taken some heat for his QAnon ties, which should help us in this race. Another recent event in our favor is United Utah Party candidate Jonia Broderick’s withdrawal from the general election and endorsement of Ben McAdams’ re-election campaign, which will add more moderate votes to Ben McAdams’ column. However, the most recent polls suggest that Burgess Owens and Ben McAdams are running roughly even with each other and would depend on whether Democrats or Republicans turn out in better numbers in November. So Ben McAdams still has an uphill battle to climb in the last weeks of this election cycle. Fortunately, Ben McAdams is still posting excellent fundraising numbers, and this is one of the few districts where there are still a considerable number of ticket-splitting voters. Organization should take place in Juab and Sanpete Counties, as the Democratic parties there are underfunded and could additional grassroots help. Given that Utah politics does not exactly follow the same red shade as those from the other red states, keeping this district would be key to winning over the 2016 McMullin voters for future election cycles.
 
And thus we come the end of this step. The next step will provide a final update on the competitive state house and state senate districts that lie within or near the 30 congressional districts that this series is targeting and defending. So please stay tuned for that! Any corrections or comments are welcome.
submitted by Watchdogs66 to VoteDEM [link] [comments]


2020.10.19 12:33 CoinEx_Institution RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT OASIS LABS NETWORK

RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT OASIS LABS NETWORK
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador
https://preview.redd.it/869fpc2g31u51.png?width=525&format=png&auto=webp&s=53c2deb44b208d058dcd5ebc87b14426b986e918

ABSTRACT

Oasis Network is a privacy-focused smart contract platform for open finance built using the Cosmos SDK. The project prioritizes applications and use-cases that promote data privacy and user confidentiality. It aims to achieve this goal by separating its consensus layer from its contract execution layer while providing a built-in interface connecting the two for privacy-preserving computation. The consensus layer acts as a hub that uses a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) mechanism to secure the network and reach a consensus on transaction validity. The execution layer consists of multiple, parallel runtimes (called ParaTimes) for specialized computation needs that each plug into the consensus layer.

1.INTRODUCTION

The Internet is an amazing platform for innovation, creativity, and free expression. Yet, its empowering design elements, like the end-to-end principle and global interoperability, have yet to be unleashed in truly transformative ways.
Oasis believe in building new technology that can give us a better Internet experience. One that transforms “users” into edge clients, and enables them to take back control of their data, and their digital experiences. One that fully respects individual privacy and autonomy, while still supporting amazing apps and services.
To get there, oasis’s team are fostering the development and growth of a privacy-first, decentralized computational network. A network that will grow and evolve with the inclusive community of developers, thinkers, and leaders who maintain it.
The Oasis Protocol Foundation looks to support projects focused on making that privacy-first Internet a reality. From building privacy-preserving applications, to developing more powerful tools for the network, to improving how it operates.
High-Level Components
At the highest level, Oasis Core is divided into two major layers: the consensus layer and the runtime layer as shown on the figure above.
The idea behind the consensus layer is to provide a minimal set of features required to securely operate independent runtimes running in the runtime layer. It provides the following services:
  • Epoch-based time keeping and a random beacon.
  • Basic staking operations required to operate a PoS blockchain.
  • An entity, node and runtime registry that distributes public keys and metadata.
  • Runtime committee scheduling, commitment processing and minimal state keeping.
On the other side, each runtime defines its own state and state transitions independent from the consensus layer, submitting only short proofs that computations were performed and results were stored. This means that runtime state and logic are completely decoupled from the consensus layer, and the consensus layer only provides information on what state (summarized by a cryptographic hash of a Merklized data structure) is considered canonical at any given point in time.

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT THE OASIS NETWORK

Designed for the next generation of blockchain, the Oasis Network is the first privacy-enabled blockchain platform for open finance and a responsible data economy. Combined with its high throughput and secure architecture, the Oasis Network is able to power private, scalable DeFi, revolutionizing Open Finance and expanding it beyond traders and early adopters to a mass market. Its unique privacy features can not only redefine DeFi, but also create a new type of digital asset called Tokenized Data that can enable users to take control of the data they generate and earn rewards for staking it with applications — creating the first ever-responsible data economy.
https://preview.redd.it/26cx04fp31u51.png?width=414&format=png&auto=webp&s=035261484784f97cbada4ef2ebebcba5c57a1911

1.1.1 OASIS HISTORY

Oasis Labs, the core developer of the Oasis Network, was founded in 2018 by University of California at Berkeley professor Dawn Song. The development team raised $45 million from a16z cypto, Polychain Capital, and Binance Labs, among others, to support initial protocol development.
Oasis Network is a privacy-focused smart contract platform for open finance built using the Cosmos SDK. The project prioritizes applications and use-cases that promote data privacy and user confidentiality. Since Oasis uses the Cosmos SDK, it will eventually be able to connect to the broader ecosystem of Cosmos-enabled chains (called zones) once the IBC (Inter Blockchain Communication) Protocol launches.
Oasis differentiated itself by separating its consensus layer from its contract execution layer. These separate layers give Oasis the flexibility to support multiple, customizable runtimes (which it calls ParaTimes). This model is similar to how Avalanches features various subnets or how Polkadot secures and connects independent parachains.
Oasis’ privacy features create a new type of digital asset called ‘Tokenized Data’ that can enable users to take control of the data they generate and earn rewards for staking it with applications — creating an incentivized data economy. By supporting confidential smart contracts, data is kept private while being processed. This provides end-to-end data confidentiality on the blockchain, unlocking potential DeFi use-cases such as under-collateralized lending and prevention of front/back running.

1.1.2 WHY THE OASIS NETWORK?

  • First Privacy-Enabled Blockchain: The Oasis Network is the world’s first scalable, privacy-enabled blockchain. ParaTimes on the Oasis Network can leverage confidential computing technology such as secure enclaves to keep data confidential — unlocking new use cases and applications for blockchain.
  • Scalable, Private DeFi: The Oasis Network’s privacy-first design can expand DeFi beyond traders and early adopters — unlocking a new mainstream market. Plus its innovative scalability design brings fast speeds and high-throughput to DeFi transactions.
  • First to Enable Data Tokenization: The Oasis Network can Tokenize Data, unlocking game changing use cases for blockchain, and an entirely new ecosystem of apps and projects on the network — powering the next generation of privacy-first applications.
  • Rapidly Growing Community: The Oasis Network has a thriving community of close to a thousand node operators, developers, enterprise partners, ambassadors, and nearly ten thousand community members engaged in global social channels.
  • Top-Tier Team: The Oasis Team is made up of top talent from around the world with backgrounds from Apple, Google, Amazon, Goldman Sachs, UC Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon, Stanford, Harvard and more — all committed to growing and expanding the impact of the Oasis Network.

1.1.3 CONSENSUS AND EMISSION

  • General Emission Type: Inflationary
  • Precise Emission Type: Dynamic Emission
  • Supply Cap: 10,000,000,000.00
1. Supply Curve Details
About two billion ROSE tokens will be paid out as inflation rewards to stakers and delegators for contributing resources to the network.
Not all tokens have been released publicly or will be released publicly by mainnet launch. Due to release schedules and locks, only a fraction of the total existing token supply will be in circulation at the time of its mainnet launch. Tokens set aside for Staking Rewards will be disbursed in accordance with on-chain mining mechanisms, which are calculated based on how many blocks are produced, how many nodes are participating in staking, and how many tokens are staked.
2. Consensus Information
  • General Consensus: Proof-of-Stake
  • Precise Consensus: Tendermint BFT
3. Consensus Details
1. PoS and Validator Committee
Tokens can be self-delegated directly by each node operator or delegated to a node operator by other token holders. While the Oasis Network is designed with a modular architecture (by way of the Cosmos SDK) that can use any consensus system that satisfies these properties, it currently uses Tendermint as its consensus algorithm.
Validators must stake a minimum of 100 tokens to contribute to the network’s security. Each entity can have at most one node elected to the consensus committee at a time. Oasis Labs expects 70–100 validators to participate in the network’s consensus committee at launch. The chance of being selected for the committee will be proportional to a validator’s stake weight (self-staked amount plus delegated stake).
2. Staking Rewards Details
At launch, the network will target an inflation rate between 2% and 15%, with validator reward amounts dependent on the length of time staked. In order to be eligible for staking rewards per epoch, a node would need to sign at least 75% of blocks in that epoch.
The network will only slash for double-signing at launch. Double-signing penalties will result in the loss of the minimum stake amount (100 tokens) and will also freeze the node. Freezing the node is a precaution in order to prevent the node from being over-penalized. The Network will not slash for liveness or uptime at launch. Oasis will also require a 14-day unbonding period should validators or delegators choose to move their staked funds. During this time, staked tokens are at risk of getting slashed for double-signing and do not accrue rewards during this time.
3. Consensus Voting Power
The current voting power mechanism is stake-weighted. This means that the consensus voting power of a validator is proportional to its stake. In this model, the network will require signatures by validators representing greater than two-thirds of the total stake of the committee to sign a block. Note that in Tendermint, a validator’s opportunities to propose a block in the round-robin block proposer order are also proportional to its voting power.

1.1.4 NEW APPLICATION DOMAINS

Scalable, Private DeFi
The Oasis Network is designed to support confidential smart contracts, allowing it to keep data private while being processed. By providing end-to-end data confidentiality on Blockchain, the Oasis Network unlocks new and exciting use cases in DeFi. From under-collateralized lending to preventing front/back running, the Oasis Network can help expand DeFi beyond traders and early adopters to a mainstream market.

Example of how privacy can unlock new markets for DeFi
The network’s cutting-edge scalable features can help unblock DeFi as it works today, fixing the high-transaction fees and slow throughput currently plaguing other Layer 1 networks. Combined, Oasis’ unique ability to provide scalable, private DeFi is expected to make it the leading platform for unlocking the next generation of DeFi markets and use cases.

https://preview.redd.it/y2zbme7x31u51.png?width=946&format=png&auto=webp&s=8348acb6c2ce5a26c8108a5ff449bec9783497ab
Data Tokenization & A Responsible Data Economy
The Oasis Network’s combination of confidential computing and blockchain enables a new paradigm called Tokenized Data. Blockchain allows for logging and enforcement of usage policies with high integrity and auditability. Confidential computing ensures that data remains private during computation and cannot be reused without permission. This capsule of data + policies creates a new kind of digital asset that can be consumed along specific guidelines for a specific fee or exchange of value.
With Tokenized Data, the Oasis Network can power the next generation of privacy-first applications and unlock a new responsible data society. Data providers on the Oasis Network can put their Tokenized Data to use. They can earn rewards by staking their data with apps that want to analyze it or control how their most sensitive information is consumed by the services they use.
Data providers can earn rewards from staking their data capsules.

2. TECHNOLOGY

The Oasis Network separates consensus and execution into two layers, the Consensus Layer and The ParaTime Layer, which gives the network a more flexible (and potentially versatile) design. Separation of consensus and execution allows ParaTimes to process transactions in parallel, meaning workloads processed on one ParaTime won’t slow down or impact another.
  • The Consensus Layer accepts values from its clients (the ParaTimes) and writes these values into the next block of the blockchain. It also manages ROSE token operations and the selection of validators for the ParaTime consensus committee.
  • The ParaTime Layer is where smart contract execution occurs. Each ParaTime can be developed in isolation to meet the needs of a specific application, such as confidential computation and open or closed committees.
Discrepancy Detection Discrepancy detection is the verifiable computing technique that Oasis uses to verify ParaTime execution. It permits the use of smaller ParaTime committees and requires a smaller replication factor for the same level of security, which according to the team, is more efficient than sharding or parachain models. The two key features include (1) random selection of compute nodes from a population to form a compute committee and (2) accepting the results only if all committee members agree. If there is a discrepancy, a separate protocol called “discrepancy resolution” is enabled. which serves as another security parameter.
ParaTime Logic and Tooling Oasis can support various forms of confidential computing technology through its flexible ParaTime system. For example, The Oasis Eth/WASI Runtime uses secure enclaves to keep data private while being processed.
Oasis Network also supports a number of tools and SDKs to assist developers in building applications. These SDKs rely on differential privacy that aims to protect individual data. The platform supports smart contracts in RUST. It also has a ParaTime that offers backward compatibility with Ethereum, which would allow Ethereum developers to migrate existing
contracts with minimal code changes. In addition, developers can build applications using existing Ethereum tools such as Truffle and Metamask.

2.1 THE OASIS NETWORK’S ARCHITECTURE

The Oasis Network is a Layer 1 decentralized blockchain network designed to be uniquely scalable, privacy-first and versatile.
The Network has two main architectural components, the Consensus Layer and the ParaTime Layer.
  1. The Consensus Layer is a scalable, high-throughput, secure, proof-of-stake consensus run by a decentralized set of validator nodes.
  2. The ParaTime Layer hosts many parallel runtimes (ParaTimes), each representing a replicated compute environment with shared state.
https://preview.redd.it/79c58yg341u51.jpg?width=692&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=013f12e97c39d9375fc3f0dad8adadfd7730ef6a

2.1.1 CONSENSUS LAYER

Oasis Core is designed around the principle of modularity. The consensus layer is an interface that provides a number of important services to other parts of Oasis Core. This allows, in theory, for the consensus backend to be changed. The different backends live in go/consensus, with the general interfaces in go/consensus/api. The general rule is that anything outside of a specific consensus backend package should be consensus backend agnostic.
Currently the only supported consensus backend is Tendermint, a BFT consensus protocol. For this reason some API surfaces may not be fully consensus backend agnostic.
  • Each consensus backend needs to provide the following services:
  • Epoch Time, an epoch-based time keeping service.
  • Random Beacon, a source of randomness for other services.
  • Staking, operations required to operate a PoS blockchain.
  • Registry, an entity/node/runtime public key and metadata registry service.
  • Committee Scheduler service.
  • Root Hash, runtime commitment processing and minimal runtime state keeping service.
  • Key Manager policy state keeping service.
Each of the above services provides methods to query its current state. In order to mutate the current state, each operation needs to be wrapped into a consensus transaction and submitted to the consensus layer for processing.
Oasis Core defines an interface for each kind of service (in go//api), with all concrete service implementations living together with the consensus backend implementation. The service API defines the transaction format for mutating state together with any query methods (both are consensus backend agnostic).

2.1.2 RUNTIME HOST PROTOCOL

The Runtime Host Protocol (RHP) is a simple RPC protocol, which is used to communicate between a runtime and an Oasis Core Compute Node.
Transport
The RHP assumes a reliable byte stream oriented transport underneath. The only current implementation uses AF_LOCAL sockets and Fortanix ABI streams backed by shared memory to communicate with runtimes inside Intel SGX enclaves.
Operation
RHP allows two forms of communication:
  • Host-to-runtime where the host (compute node) submits requests to the runtime to handle and the runtime provides responses. All such request messages are prefixed with Runtime.
  • Runtime-to-host where the runtime submits requests to the host and the host provides responses. All such request messages are prefixed with Host.
In its lifetime, from connection establishment to its termination, the RHP connection goes through the following states:
  • Uninitialized is the default state of a newly created connection. In this state the connection could be used either on the runtime side or the host side. To proceed to the next state, the connection must be initialized either as a runtime or as a host. The Rust implementation only supports runtime mode while the Go implementation can be initialized in either mode by using either InitHost or InitGuest.
  • Initializing is the state when the connection is being initialized (see below for details). After a connection has been successfully initialized it will transition into ready state. If the initialization failed, it will instead transition into closed state.
  • Ready is the state when the connection can be used to exchange messages in either direction.
  • Closed is the state of the connection after it is considered closed. No messages may be exchanged at this point.
If either the runtime or the host generates an invalid message, either end may terminate the connection (and/or the runtime process).
Initialization
Before a connection can be used, it must be initialized as either representing the runtime end or the host (compute node) end. The Rust implementation only supports being initialized as the runtime and the Go implementation is currently only used as the host. If one uses the oasis-core-runtime crate to build a runtime, initialization is handled automatically.
The host drives the initialization procedure and it proceeds as follows:
  • The host sends RuntimeInfoRequest providing the runtime with its designated identifier. The identifier comes from the registry service in the consensus layer.
  • The runtime must reply with a RuntimeInfoResponse specifying its own version and the version of the runtime host protocol that it supports. If the protocol version is incompatible, initialization fails.
After the initialization procedure, the connection can be used for other messages. In case the runtime is running in a trusted execution environment (TEE) like Intel SGX, the next required step is to perform remote attestation.
Identifiers
Identifiers for runtimes are represented by the common.Namespace type.
The first 64 bits are reserved for specifying flags expressing various properties of the runtime, and the last 192 bits are used as the runtime identifier.
Currently the following flags are defined (bit positions assume the flags vector is interpreted as an unsigned 64 bit big endian integer):
  • Bit 63: The runtime is a test runtime and not for production networks.
  • Bit 62: The runtime is a key manager runtime.
  • Bits 61–0: Reserved for future expansion and MUST be set to 0.
Note: Unless the registry consensus parameter DebugAllowTestRuntimes is set, attempts to register a test runtime will be rejected.
Serialization
All messages exchanged by different components in Oasis Core are encoded using canonical CBOR as defined by RFC 7049.
When describing different messages in the documentation, we use Go structs with field annotations that specify how different fields translate to their encoded form.

2.2 BENEFITS OF THE OASIS NETWORK TECHNOLOGY STACK

2.2.1 SCALABILITY

The Oasis Network’s impressive scalability is achieved through a cutting-edge set of features that provide faster transaction speeds and higher throughput than other networks. The top-tier performance of the network is largely due to its separation of compute and consensus operations into the Consensus Layer and ParaTime Layer. This separation allows multiple ParaTimes to process transactions in parallel, meaning complex workloads processed on one ParaTime won’t slow down faster, simpler transactions on another. Plus, the network’s sophisticated discrepancy detection makes Oasis more efficient than sharding and parachains — requiring a smaller replication factor for the same level of security.
https://preview.redd.it/mcfto5d841u51.jpg?width=414&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ab08e908d37b9b446a8cfd1ca98d97f2ba511817

2.2.2 PRIVACY-FIRST

The Oasis Network designed the first ever confidential ParaTime with support for confidential smart contracts. In a confidential ParaTime, nodes are required to use a type of secure computing technology called a TEE (Trusted Execution Environment.) TEEs act as a hypothetical black box for smart contract execution in a confidential ParaTime. Encrypted data goes into the black box along with the smart contract, data is decrypted, processed by the smart contract, and then encrypted before it is sent out of the TEE. This process ensures that data remains confidential, and is never leaked to the node operator or application developer
The Oasis Eth/WASI Runtime is an open source example of a confidential ParaTime that uses Intel SGX. Other secure compute technology, such as ZKP, HE, or other secure enclaves, can also be used. In the future we hope to support additional computation techniques such as secure multi-party compute, federated learning and more.
Confidentiality unlocks a range of new use cases on blockchain by allowing personal or sensitive data, such as their social security number, bank statements, health information to be used by apps on the Oasis Network — something incredibly risky on other Layer 1 networks.
https://preview.redd.it/46g0motb41u51.jpg?width=1268&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0a2bd0855ed1b00636d84016c6a1616c4af84a45

2.2.3 VERSATILITY

Designed to support the next generation of blockchain applications, the Oasis Network is incredibly versatile, agile, and customizable. Namely, each ParaTime can be developed in isolation to meet the needs of a specific application. ParaTimes committees can be made large or small, open or closed, allowing for faster or more secure execution depending on the requirements of a particular use case. Nodes can be required to have specific hardware, such as Secure Enclaves in a confidential ParaTime. Each ParaTime can similarly run different Runtime VMs (ParaTime Engines) such as EVM backwards compatible engine, Rust based smart contract language, or a Data tokenization engine. Finally to support enterprise and developer use cases, ParaTimes can be made Permissioned or Permissionless — allowing consortiums to have their own closed ParaTime, or communities to have full decentralized open ParaTimes.
The versatility of the ParaTime Layer allows the Oasis Network to expand and grow to address a broad set of new and exciting use cases, while still maintaining the same core ledger and consensus layer.

2.3 TECHNOLOGY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Separates consensus and execution into two layers — the Consensus Layer and The ParaTime Layer — for better scalability and increased versatility.
  • Separation of consensus and execution allows multiple ParaTimes to process transactions in parallel, meaning complex workloads processed on one ParaTime won’t slow down faster, simpler transactions on another.
  • The ParaTime Layer is entirely decentralized, allowing anyone to develop and build their own ParaTime. Each ParaTime can be developed in isolation to meet the needs of a specific application, such as confidential compute, open or closed committees, and more.
  • The network’s sophisticated discrepancy detection makes Oasis more efficient than sharding and parachains — requiring a smaller replication factor for the same level of security.
  • The network has broad support for confidential computing technology. The Oasis Eth/WASI Runtime is an open source example of a confidential ParaTime that uses secure enclaves to keep data private while being processed.

2.4 THE FOUR KEY REASONS FOR THE DUAL-LAYER DESIGN ARE:

1. Confidentiality — Oasis’ ParaTimes have support for key management and TEEs like Intel SGX in order to allow for end-to-end confidentiality and data ownership on the network.
2. Versatility & Resilience — Oasis can support a wide variety of use cases without needing to go through hard-forks or large updates.
3. Performance — Throughput issues are reduced or avoided creating a faster Network that is less prone to congestion.
4. Auditability — ParaTime state and execution can be trusted because each ParaTime can be audited and verified independently, without sharing state publicly.
Anyone can build a runtime and add it to the Consensus layer.
Oasis Labs’ Data Sovereignty Runtime will provide a confidential compute and storage layer for developers who plan to run confidential smart contracts on Oasis. This runtime allows developers to “take advantage of confidential computation and secure computing techniques while the blockchain technology is abstracted away.” The potential applications for ParaTimes are extensive: ParaTimes are already being used by teams in the genomics, hospital management, credit scoring, and financial services industries.
Other ParaTimes in development include the SecondState Virtual Machine (SSVM), a fully-featured Ethereum WebAssembly (Ewasm) Virtual Machine.

2.5 CRYPTOGRAPHY

2.5.1 HASH FUNCTIONS

In most places where cryptographic hashes are required, they use the SHA-512/256 hash function as specified in FIPS 180–4.

2.5.2 SIGNATURES

All cryptographic signatures are made using the Ed25519 (pure) scheme specified in RFC 8032.

2.5.3 DOMAIN SEPARATION

When signing messages and verifying signatures we require the use of a domain separation context in order to make sure the messages cannot be repurposed in a different protocol.
The domain separation scheme adds a preprocessing step to any signing and verification operation. The step computes the value that is then signed/verified using Ed25519 as usual.

2.6 OASIS NODE

RPC
Oasis Node exposes an RPC interface to enable external applications to query current consensus and runtime states, submit transactions, etc.
The RPC interface is ONLY exposed via an AF_LOCAL socket called internal.sock located in the node’s data directory. This interface should NEVER be directly exposed over the network as it has no authentication and allows full control, including shutdown, of a node.
In order to support remote clients and different protocols (e.g. REST), a gateway that handles things like authentication and rate limiting should be used.
WHY RUN A NODE?
  • All ParaTimes rely on the security of the underlying Oasis blockchain for their auditability. Running a validator on the Oasis blockchain is a way to support all ParaTimes.
  • Per the design of the Oasis Protocol, running a validator entitles a participant to earn more rewards for helping secure the network than delegation. Validators share inflationary rewards with their delegators but not the transaction fee earnings. The more ParaTimes on Oasis, the more transactions there will be, and the more advantageous it becomes for network participants to run a validator.
  • ParaTime operators will ultimately need to have individuals run nodes on their ParaTime and may look to the Oasis validator list to identify reliable infrastructure providers for support. Those already running an Oasis validator will be well-positioned to be selected to operate those new nodes, for which they may earn additional fees.

2.7 PROTOCOL

Like other parts of Oasis Core, the RPC interface exposed by Oasis Node uses the gRPC protocol with the CBOR codec (instead of Protocol Buffers).

2.7.1 AUTHENTICATED GRPC

Oasis Core nodes communicate between themselves over various protocols. One of those protocols is gRPC which is currently used for the following:
  • Compute nodes talking to storage nodes.
  • Compute nodes talking to key manager nodes.
  • Key manager nodes talking to other key manager nodes.
  • Clients talking to compute nodes.
  • Clients talking to key manager nodes.
All these communications can have access control policies attached specifying who is allowed to perform certain actions at which point in time. This first requires an authentication mechanism.

2.7.2 TLS

In order to authenticate both ends of a connection, gRPC is always used together with TLS. However, since this is a decentralized network, there are some specifics on how peer verification is performed when establishing a TLS session between two nodes.
Instead of relying on Certificate Authorities, they use the registry service provided by the consensus layer. Each node publishes its own trusted public keys in the registry as part of its signed node descriptor. TLS sessions use its own ephemeral Ed25519 key pair that is used to (self-)sign a node’s X509 certificate. When verifying peer identities the public key on the certificate is compared with the public key(s) published in the registry.
All TLS keys are ephemeral and nodes are encouraged to frequently rotate them (the Oasis Core implementation in this repository supports this automatically).

2.7.3 METRICS

Oasis-node can report a number of metrics to Prometheus server. By default, no metrics are collected and reported. There is one way to enable metrics reporting:
Pull mode listens on given address and waits for Prometheus to scrape the metrics.

3. THE OASIS NETWORK TOKEN

The oasis network token: ROSE.

3.1 TOKEN PROFILE

Token Name & Symbol: ROSE
Type: Native
Usage: Payments, Vote

3.2 USAGE DETAILS

The ROSE token will be used for transaction fees, staking, and delegation at Oasis Network’s Consensus Layer.
https://preview.redd.it/golcszag41u51.jpg?width=886&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=7b628ab438b99c422712847a47a5f1855a9ec10b
ROSE: A Symbol of Privacy
Historically they have often represented “secrecy”. Dating back to Ancient Greece, the Rose was seen as a symbol for secrets or privacy, used by Aphrodite as a gift in exchange for keeping the secrets of Gods.
In Ancient Rome this symbolism continued and the phrase “sub rosa” or “under the rose” was to mean “done in secret” or “under a pledge of secrecy”. This phrase and the symbol of Roses as secrecy extended throughout history with the British Tudors era where state secrets were decided in a room with a large rose hanging from the ceiling.
This fits well with our vision for the Oasis Network, which seeks to power the next generation of blockchain use cases through its unique capacity to support confidential computing and private data on the ledger.
Full Report
submitted by CoinEx_Institution to oasislabs [link] [comments]


2020.10.17 18:29 Vuld_Edone Magazines' transcript.

In AdamButcher's video is some text from magazines. Since it actually clarified some points for me I transcribed it here. If you find typos, check if they aren't in the video (like 'beeen') as I tried to keep everything as faithful as I could. Two more notes: (1) I tried to track those magazines' dates, so N64 is from a glance at the cover while he flips pages and Edge is from the left page, top left; (2) I also transcribed the accompanying texts for the pictures but without the pictures themselves and in an arbitrary order.
1:05
(N64, -ctober 1997, page 24)
FIRST LOOK
CATASTROPHE CROW 64
OPUS INTERACTIVE 64M (controller) 1 (English flag) 1999 (US flag) 1999
Stone the crows!
A surprise addition to the main presentation at Spaceworld was Catastrophe Crow, a game bearing more than a passing resemblance to Rare’s own animal-related newie, Banjo-Kazooie. Its playing set-up will be comfortably familiar to most Mario-followers, with the eponymous ‘Crow legging it around lushly-created 3D worlds and jumping on badguys’ heads.
The demo showed off all kinds of fluid moves from wall-jumps to hanging-off-ledges, but we suspect we’ll never fly until we get that bandage off our wing...
The slightly-hard-to-read Press Release promised ‘fearless exploration of unfamiliar worlds’ and detailed a surreal plot about trying to save your father’s business from a corporate takeover by the sinister Sir Cat.
The company skyscraper appears to form a Peach’s-Castle-style hub from which you access a range of unique-looking worlds, from a misty forest to a land of giant toys to some kind of mysterious Ancient Egyptian Spaceship thing-y. And while the format currently screams “SM64-clone’ the developers have promised something called an ‘eternal revival system’ to keep things changing every time you play.
This will be the first N64-outing from Opus Interactive, a German developer helmed by director Manfred Lorenz, whose action-adventure Ocean Quest was a surprise late hit for the SNES.
With an unconfirmed release date set not for another two years, we expect more information to come through rather slowly on this one. But considering Opus Interactive’s lasting reputation for great gameplay and impressive world-building, we at N64 can’t wait to actually get our thumbs on it.
Mr Crow sure looks cute, even as he navigates a somewhat creepy block world. Is that a teddy bear looming in the mist?
Loads to explore, but I wouldn’t trust those berries.
Flap! Woosh! With the help of some triple jump acrobatics, going to work looks kinda fun!
Scary monsters in the forest. Nightmarish!
Almost as strangely laid-out as our office...
Those chess enemies move according to chess rules. Nice!
1:39
The mind behind Opus (EDGE magazine July 199-)
An audience with... Manfred Lorenz
Nintendo has high hopes for Catastrophe Crow (see page 40). The brainchild of German codeshop Opus Interactive, it proved to be the surprise Nintendo 64 attraction at this year’s Spaceworld event. But is this really Europe’s answer to Super Mario 64? And can it compete? Edge spoke with Opus Interactive’s founder *Manfred Lorenz during the show.
Edge When did work start on Catastrophe Crow?
ML I had been wanting to enter the world of true 3D for many years, but didn’t know my starting point for some time. Then, one day, my daughter spontaneously sketched a character – a hapless crow with a bandaged wing – and my vision suddenly became clear. The entire company was set to work on Catastrophe Crow by January 1996.
Edge What design objectives did you start with?
ML When one begins thinking about working in 3D, one makes the mistake of thinking there are ‘six’ degrees of freedom: above, below, left, right, in, and out. In computer terms, that is perhaps correct, but to the player the actual feeling of movement and freedom is nearly infinite. I needed to do justice to that feeling. So while we will grab players with the action and platforming, the larger design must allow players to truly explore. In truth, I believe that what we are creating is beyond a game – perhaps a portal of sorts. In Catastrophe Crow one can explore our worlds but also explore within... finding meaning within the gameplay. The Crow is the cleverest animal, so the mind must be required throughout.
Edge Does this relate to the ‘eternal revival system’ you mentioned? Could you tell us more about that?
ML [Laughs] A little. The thought began with the idea of Game Overs – which are now fossils from the coin-ops and nothing more. Now that the player is presented with a real world they wish to explore and solve, having lives and dying felt too cruel. So we created something else. Something where, in the event that you die, your soul remains constant, but the world around you inevitably changes. I confess this element is still a work in progress.
Edge How do you think the project compares to the other big 3D platformers, NiGHTS and Super Mario 64?
ML I think that many months ago three teams set out to create their vision of a 3D platform game. Miyamoto-san went free-roaming. Naka-san went for the feeling-of-flight. And Manfred Lorenz tried to enter the 3D realm and never come back! [Laughs] Were these three games on the same platform, I think there would be less competition between them. I think Mario 64 is brilliant. However, I don’t think it resembles the old Mario games in execution. NiGHTS was fun as well. But it definitely was not an attempt by Naka-san to create another Sonic. Like Mario, I think that NiGHTS is an excellent game... but it wasn’t a platformer in the strictest sense. And both, if I am honest, are missing some ‘truth’. When we eventually release Catastrophe Crow, I am unsure if it will be considered a platformer at all. Our goal has always been to push the boundaries of player experience. Catastrophe Crow is built on a freedom of movement but also a freedom of thought.
Edge On that point, are there going to be a lot of puzzles in the game?
ML I think ‘puzzles’ is the wrong word. Instead, I have always thought of games as the ultimate expression: one in which the player ‘lives through’ the experience of the creator. Since the first cave painting, there has been an impossible-but-crossable gap between the audience and the artist. Like two points made of rock or stone – a precipice with no bridge between. To put it another way: games must be made of code, but they also are codes. There must always be a gap, and a leap of faith between player and designer.
Edge The game sounds like it’s exploring some fascinating ideas – is the story first written in English or German? What is your process there?
ML English. I like to keep a bilingual household. Indeed, I encourage my entire team to speak and code in English when working on Catastrophe Crow. Of course, we will localise in German and French and Italian etcetera once we are close to release, but for now this is how we work. As long as English remains the primary root of computer code, it must also be the mother tongue of games.
Edge What has beeen the toughest thing to get working properly?
ML Creating my vision... at 30Hz. We were certain from day one that dropping below that refresh rate would destroy the immersive experience – and destroy the portal, as it were. It took six months to get the code strong enough so we could run the number of polygons we needed, with the texture bit-depths we wanted, and never drop below 30 frames per second. We began with enticing but near-empty envrionments – I enjoyed the peace and tranquility, but knew they must soon grow in scope and scale, populated with thinking, breathing characters and unexpected transformations. Thus, my programmers have fought the speed problem throughout the entire project, but continue to win out. We keep hearing murmurs from within the industry that Opus Interactive have been using ‘dark arts’ on our hardware to achieve the look we have. This is simply untrue. We believe that there is yet more to squeeze out of the Nintendo 64.
Edge How do you see the development of 3D platform games progressing?
ML I think simulating the third dimension is going to add a new dimension to all life experience. I think Mario 64 was just the beginning. And I think there is a lot to be explored in that direction. And while I have great memories from the SNES days, I also believe that the classic style of 2D gaming is dead. Now, half of our jobs as designers is to learn how to mourn and move on... or choose not to. Of course, we grew up on Mario, and Mr Miyamoto’s innovations and design expertise are nearly unmatched in the industry. I want to reiterate that nothing I have said in this interview should be taken as criticism of anything in Mario 64. Miyamoto-san continues to produce quality. And it’s clear he really loves the medium. At E3 I watched him play Catastrophe Crow. He was completely absorbed from the moment he touched the controller. I think that is a powerful sign.
Edge How much longer do you see the development of Catastrophe Crow taking? Staff have politely talked about your ‘perfectionism’ – at what point do you have to say ‘enough’?
ML I confess I get very absorbed in my projects. Such that time feels of little consequence to me. My producer has given me a Christmas 1999 release and I am at peace with that... for now. It is a good time for a release. It would be great for my daughter to see the fruits of my labour, and her own design, on Christmas Day. But I contest that the idea of ‘perfectionism’ is a false one. There is either ‘finished’ or ‘not’. ‘Art’ or ‘trash’. To put it bluntly, a portal either works or it doesn’t.
Edge What are your plans after this?
ML I cannot imagine anything after Catastrophe Crow.
Miyamoto-san went free-roaming, Naka-san went for the feeling-of-flight, we will enter the 3D realm and never come back...
2:01
N64 FUTURE LOOK EXCLUSIVE FIRST PLAY OF OPUS’S MASSIVE PLATFORMER!
CATASTROPHE CROW!
INFO BURST
CATASTROPHE CROW!
FROM: Opus Interactive
CART SIZE: 128Mbit
HOW MANY PLAYERS: 1
MEMORY PAK: Yes
EXPANSION PAK: Yes
RUMBLE PAK: Yes
GB PAK: No
WHEN’S IT OUT? (US flag) Dec (English flag) Dec (Japanese flag) TBA
ANTICIPATED RATING (5/5)
We’ve had our beady N64 eye on Catastrophe Crow! for a quite a few issues now. In development at Opus Interactive’s Hamburg base for something approaching three years, it’s a game that looked consistently amazing in every single screenshot we’ve seen. When given the opportunity to play it for ourselves, we jumped at the chance.
Based on a very strange storyline indeed, Catastrophe Crow! consists of nine massive 3D worlds in desperate need of exploration You play as the eponymous Crow, who runs head-first into their father’s office to collect Power Coins and stop a corporate takeover by the evil Sir Cat.
Much like Peach’s Castle in Super Mario 64, this tower block serves as a hub-world to get you to each exciting new level – jumping appropriately into computer screens to explore the levels within.
And explore we did. Because Catastrophe Crow! is absolutely brimming with imagination and wonder. We’ve clambered up giant teddy bears, sneaked around misty forests and hot-footed our way through a giant lava-powered machine. It’s truly giving Super Mario 64 and Banjo-Kazooie a run for their money in terms of world design.
Of course, where comparisons are also going to be made is to SM64’s move-set, which emphasises free-wheeling acrobatics over BK’s more complicated-and-sometimes-clunky moves. We’ve enjoyed flipping from triple-jumps to wall-jumps to hanging off ledges. If Crow’s wing wasn’t so adorably bandaged maybe we might even fly... perhaps an unlockable secret if we collect enough Power Coins.
But while jumping on platforms and battling bizarre baddies is exceptionally fun, the few hours we’ve spent with the game have slowly revealed a surprisingly deep and puzzle-y extra layer. The more we’ve explored, the more we’ve got a sense of the game hiding something larger... cryptic clues in character dialog, a strange code found in forgotten corners of the levels, even a bizarre sci-fi pyramid filled with hyeroglyphics.
Manfred Lorenz – Catastrophe Crow’s notoriously enigmatic director – has long-hinted he’s been making something perhaps more akin to Myst than a kid-friendly platformer, remarking that “games are made of code, but they also are codes. There must be a gap, and a leap of faith between player and designer.”
Perhaps he’s just being pretentious, or you’ll be unravelling this mystery with us when the game comes out this Christmas.
VISUALS (coin) The game brims with imagination and wonder, and, thanks to the expansion pak, is rendered in bright ultra-crisp detail.
The cogs and machines make this is no cliché lava level.
And where would we be without a cute snow world?
Hop up high and get some great level-spanning vistas, with barely any fog or pop-up in sight!
4:12
Acclaimed video game designer 'feared dead'
A video game designer is feared dead after his boat was found abandoned off the coast of Cuxhaven, Germany.
Manfred Lorenz – founder of games company Opus Interactive – had been reported missing since Tuesday. His yacht was found 19 miles off the coast by emergency services on Thursday morning.
Police reported that the vessel was found empty, except for a folded pile of clothes and a written note. The German Federal Coast Guard said a search operation involving police, coastguards and a local authority emergency response unit was still under way.
Although the investigation is currently ongoing, the authorities have confirmed that they "do not suspect foul play," suggesting that Lorenz is likely to have taken his own life.
An award-winning video game programmer and director, Lorenz achieved worldwide success with his Ocean Quest game series, but was since known to have fallen into financial difficulties during development of a new title for the Nintendo 64 game console. Opus Interactive reportedly laid off its entire staff in March this year.
Neither Opus Interactive nor Lorenz's family were available for comment.
submitted by Vuld_Edone to CatastropheCrow [link] [comments]


2020.10.16 02:48 Resident-Both Termination PSA

Greetings Everyone,
[Still a work in progress, and LONG, BUT MOST LIKELY HAS THE ANSWER TO YOUR QUESTION]
10/17 Update: Before today for the ACOs I deal with, the book answer was you will be paid for time, mileage and expense on the way to drop off site and time spent there, but not home.
10/19 Update 2:Demand letters can be sent out through FedEx 2 day to EVERYONE as of today. Please either return your equipment or agree upon a time and date with someone at the ACO/CFS, otherwise legal threats and law enforcement involvement CAN start happening
Informed on the 17th(at least for NY Region and likely the rest of the US) that book answer is pay for time to, during, and the way home.
You effective termination date won't be until the day AFTER all equipment is turned in.
I would like to thank all Enumerators and Census Field Supervisors for all their hard work and dedication towards counting everyone.
As we all know, Field Data Collection and Self Response are over as of tonight. October 15th, 2020, and as a result all Enumerators and some CFSs will be Terminated because of Lack of Work and expected to turn in equipment over the next coming days. There has been a significant lack of transparency and misgivings happening during the separation/device turn in process, so I am writing this to inform you of how things should be done.
TLDR: DO NOT SIGN A LETTER OF RESIGNATION or BE COERCED to sign something not indicated here. Bring at least Device and Phone, get a receipt, get paid for time spent, Questions, suggestions are welcome.
Keep in mind there is a lot of flexibility regarding this process at the ACO level so things might be slightly different depending on your ACO's chosen way of handling this, but at the bare minimum certain things have to be done in a certain way.
This should be expected to take 10 minutes to an hour to incompetently long(depends on your ACO, but you WILL GET PAID for time, mileage, expenses to, during, AND from). As with all things done Census: everything is last minute and with varying levels of organization, so you may show up at a location and have to wait for 10 enumerators ahead of you.
What you need:
All issued equipment:
CHARGED iPhone(at a minimum) Badge(at a minimum) 
(Preferably )All accessories and the box
1 lightning cable 1 power adapter 1 earbuds 1 car charger 1 protective case (Earbud adapter is on the d-11805r, but they were not given to anyone) 
(Preferably) Any forms you were given for enumeration
(Preferably) Census Bag
All PREVIOUS time and expenses submitted
(Preferably) pre-submitted expected TE for equipment turn in to speed up the process

There are two main ways of turning in equipment depending on your ACO
  1. Through a CFS, either at a chosen location, or at your home.
  2. Through ACO staff, at a predetermined location (either at the ACO, or rented space), and time .
(3) FedEx, usually only for extenuating circumstances. They will ship you all shipping labels and all shipping materials at no cost to you. Not really recommended.
(4) UPS, involves a script, them giving you a specific receipt and turning in a copy of the receipt to your ACO. I do not recommend this at all unless you ACO gives you specific direction to do this.
You will be expected to turn in, at a minimum, your device(s) and your badge, the other stuff it is dependent on your ACO's management and how strict they want to be, but the more you turn in, the better. Some ACOs will chose to try to bill you for accessories and question you about any unused forms with the Census logo, and Census bag.
The guidelines indicate enumerators have 3 days after operation end or termination, or upon a agreed date to turn in all accountable equipment, otherwise the Lost/Missing/Stolen Process gets initiated and you will, according to a well documented and outlined process, be sent a heavily worded demanded letter through 2 day, signature required, FedEx, with threats of jail time/fines/having pay withheld, and receive a visit by a CFS with local police, or Federal Police to your home.
Informed on October 17th book answer is you will be paid for actual TE to drop off site, time spent there, and for TE the way home. See below Links section for email pictures.
You effective termination date will not be until the day AFTER all equipment is turned in. You should expect to submit Time, Mileage and Expenses, either on location, ahead of time, or afterwards by emailing a d-308 from home. Device turn in is considered work, and you will get paid for this as if you were spending time enumerating, and for the time and mileage driving home, so make sure you submit this either electronically or through D-308.
Some ACOs may want you to sign a Letter of Resignation/Separation and/or form saying all of your Hours and Expenses are submitted, but you should not/DO NOT have to do this as these are their unofficial forms created by someone like you or me in Excel/Word. NO ENUMERATOR is being asked to resign and cannot be forced to resign for any reason, and your ACO/RCC level management will want to know if any ACOs or CFS are trying to get enumerators to sign these.
You will get a either a carbon copy of the D-11805r and/or ITMS email with the number on the back of your phone shown, indicating a custody transfer of you device to someone else.
If things are done correctly, the D-11805r is optional, but the ITMS email being sent to your personal email address is. Try to get at least one of these and if you do not, talk to your IT staff and they can confirm device custody transfer in ITMS.

The only OFFICIAL PAPER FORMS(Copies and explanations below) associated with the Census separation process are the D-11805r, D-291, D-308 SF-8, and SF-50. These are the only official forms and anything else will be an internal form specifically created from that ACO.
Form Links:
D-11805R
D-291
D-308 (PROVIDED BY REDDITOR https://www.reddit.com/useAuditor_of_Reality) https://www.reddit.com/useAuditor_of_Reality
SF-8
SF-50
BC-300
Paid for TE to, during, and from Email.
Blurry Email Part 1: https://imgur.com/nNBqeXM
Blurry Email Part 2: https://imgur.com/Wj6o7ix
Blurry Email Part 3: https://imgur.com/W2XvD2B
D-11805r "ACKDOWLEDGEMENT RECEIPT FOR RETURNED U.S. GOVERNMENT PROPERTY 2020 Census" is the receipt acknowledging return of devices, accesories, and your badge.
The form is mostly self explanatory: Sections A, B, C, and D should be filled completely. All items turned in should be marked with a X and items not should be marked with a 0, the 8 digit number - people usually miss this- on the back of your device should be indicated in the area of USCB0000. There should not be any unfilled fields in Section D. Then finally at least two printed names and signatures in section E. "a. Received by" being the CFS/ACO staff and "b. Released by" being the Enumerator.
D-291 "DAPPS UPDATE FORM" is the form for processing your termination action. Some ACO's show the enumerator this form, but it is only used at the ACO for processing personnel actions. One key section to look at is 6. d. Termination. Everyone should now be marked as a 1. Lack of Work. No one should be marked and processed as a Resignation at this point unless you submit a resignation letter (which you should not, all field stuff are being terminated for Lack of Work at this point). "Resignation - Attach copy of employees written reason(s) or d-225," or "Conduct and/or performance - Attach a copy of completed D-283" D-283 is termination for conduct or performance. This requiqures the D-282 which is basically a formal write-up, and cannot be done unless you are formally warned multiple times and being told you are being wirtten up.
D-308 is the form for paper payroll, only used if for some reason you cannot submit TE electronically.
SF-50 "Notification of Personnel Action" and SF-8 "Unemployment Compensation Notice" these may arrive in your email or be mailed to you days or weeks after device turn in. This is the responsibility of Admin/Field Office staff, or you can receive this through below instructions after ACO closeout.
For now your ACO can provide your SF-50, but after they close, below is the process for requesting yours.
Separated Employees:
Separated employees should fax a BC-300 (Certification of Identity) to the HRD Call Center at 301-763-8466 or send an email to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) to request a SF-50 be sent via email. The BC-300 is attached to this Ops Log for your convenience.
Employees separated for more than a year may contact the Department of Commerce (DOC) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) office at 202-482-1190 or by visiting http://osec.doc.gov/opog/FOIA/FOIA_Requests.html#File to submit a request online.
Additionally, another option for separated employees is contacting the National Archives & Records center at 618-935-3014 or go to https://www.archives.gov/st-louis/civilian-personnel.
Questions and suggestions are welcome.
DO'S AND DONTS:
DO get copies of any forms you sign.
DO make sure you get a receipt, either the D-11805R and/or ITMS email to your personal email address.
DO get paid for your time and expenses turning in equipment
DO charge your phone and make sure it has enough power ahead of time
DO turn in your equipment by/ coordinate a time to turn in equipment by end of of October 19.
DO NOT sign a Letter of Resignation
DO NOT let someone coerce you into a Letter of Resignation, if they try, request to talk/get the contact for: ACO LEVEL: CFM/LCFM/ACOM RCC LEVEL: Area ManageAssistant Regional Census ManageDeputy DirectoRegional Director
FAQS:
What do I do if I lost my badge?
If your badge is lost, call DSC 855-236-2020 Prompt 1 and report it missing(by the book within 1 hour of noticing). They'll just ask you a bunch of questions about what happened. You won't get in trouble unless you have a history of this. And inform you CFM(should be through CoC) out of courtesy and let them know what happened, because they'll be asked in an email shortly afterwards.
Can I still submit TE after the 15th/I am missing the TE option in FDC?
Confirmed you should still be able to submit TE in FDC. If your TE option is missing. Contact your IT line and they will be able to fix this. DSC prompt 9. Then ACO site code. They will need your DAID/name to pull up your info in PSP and that will tell them what the exact problem is.
How do I know if I was terminated for Lack of Work?
You SF-50 should say termination followed by reason after. If the SF-50 provided to you says something like ext of NTE appt, it is outdated and not the SF-50 associated with termination, ask your ACO Admin for the current SF-50 or follow the Separated Employees section of this post.
What do I do if I haven't heard from anyone about turning in equipment? And/or haven't heard from my CFS recently?
Call you ACO and find out what your specific ACO is doing for device returns. The aggressive demand letters mentioned above and Law Enforcement can start happening to EVERYONE not communicated with as of today. Info available in this post.
Chain of Command: Often it is the CFS giving out incorrect information. Most Managers are off weekends.
Shortest answer for getting in touch with people it to ask IT lines, because they are staffed to answer the phones and have phone lists, other departments not so much.
Ask to talk to the following in order:
DSC Prompt 9, followed by sitecode. If you know your site code enter 2#99 for RCC.
ACO
CFS-CFM-LCFM-ACOM
If they fail you;
RCC
https://2020census.gov/en/contact-us/rcc.html
Area Manager-Assistant Regional Census Manager-Deputy Director-Regional Director.
[To do list]
Attach Copies of Official Directives/correspondence from HQ, especially regarding Termination vs Resignation
Add Upper level management contact info
Add forms
Add ITMS email example
Add CoC contact instructions
submitted by Resident-Both to Census [link] [comments]


2020.10.15 14:34 iamgodandashamed I drink a lot

I DRINK A LOT


I was born in 1968

At first it may be because of a failed relationship with a neighbour because she hooked
up with my brother. On that what sort of person does that, seriously. I wasn't ready for
that. I have decided not to swear on here. I will also not give away names or businesses.
They could possibly work it out but I won't name anyone. I just want to tell my story.
Later it became more of I just want to forget. And sleep. I can't kill myself or hurt
myself.

Some more reasons are that I was bullied throughout my life. My stepfather abused me. My
real dad was an alcoholic. My mother was controlling from my 20's. When I met the
neighbour I was 21. She kicked both my brother and I out if we didn't stop seeing her.
But then again the neighbour was a waste of space. Around the late 2000's my mum actually
wrote me a letter to say stop seeing a mutual friend.

Some local kids decided to throw condoms with water inside them because I was friends
with a gay guy. I knew he was gay. So what. But local kids thought it was wrong. They
were homophobic. I could really get them into trouble now with that. But why bother. I
really just drink so I will die soon hopefully. I have lost all hope for humanity.
They threw them at my car.

Anyways, after my abuse I still didn't work out my sexuality until probably 1994/1995.
I am not sure.

My father was an alcoholic and lost the family business early on in my life. My mum and
dad separated when I was 5. I remember little about my early childhood. Mainly things at
school. One home incident really stuck out early. I have a scar above my eye because a
steel ladder hit it. 5 stitches.

I am pretty sure my dad use to abuse my mum and gave us all the belt at one point. My
oldest brother acted out a lot and left when he was 16 I think.

After my parents separated I would visit my mum on weekends and holidays and see my
stepfather and his kids. Then in 1975 my mum and stepfather moved to another state.
Starting in December, 1978, I visited my mum and stepfather in the holidays staying
about 5 weeks. This happened in 1978,79,80,81. In June 1982 my dad had the accident and
I stayed with my mum for about 3 months.

Another incident was a German Shepard ( named that way at the time) attacked me when I
was walking home and I got some bad scratches and a lifetime fear of dogs. Found out
later the dog attacked someone else and was shot dead.

I am one of three brothers. The oldest is now dead from a heart attack but was an
alcoholic. The second oldest now has cancer but was born with brain damage. He was the
brother that the neighbour dumped me for him. ( again yea who does that?) Me. I am an
alcoholic and had been abused, bullied, cheated on, lost a son to a girl who cheated on
me. Yea so life is great hey.

I worked out my sexuality in 1994? Maybe. Well in 2000 I moved to a big city and started
driving a taxi. I left a winery because the lead hand wouldn't stop pushing his ideas on
me. One of my last conversations to him was that I would kill him and bury him. I think
I got the point across.

In 1978, I had a weird conversation with my stepsister. She asked me how I masturbated.
I didn't at that point. 2 years later after my mum and stepfather met another couple,
some of my abuse started. Yes it was sexual. I can't say I was forced. I wanted to do
it. I know that doesn't make it right. Its just what happened. With one of the sons of
the other family some things happened. We visited a nudist camp and nudist beach. The
other family had 6 children. They were a blended family. The oldest was about 16. The 2
stepsisters were a year older then me. The 2 stepbrother's were my age. There was a
younger girl. About 3 years younger. In 1982 I had extra relations with the other
brother and both stepsisters. We were all about 14 and 15 when this happened.

Actually in 1982, my father had a bad accident. He was going to buy a bottle of sherry
from a pub. Apparently he said he did a u-turn and hit a tree.
Actually he hit the tree at speed. He claimed someone ran him off the road.
He hit that tree with such force that the car, a ht panel van, had a rounded dent in the
front that it was amazing he was still alive. He had broken ribs, broken legs, and
troubles with eating and other things. He couldn't walk properly afterwards. When I saw
him in hospital I fainted. It was horrific. So I went to live with my mom. When he
recovered I went back to him. He continued to drink. We moved from one city to a town
then to a beach town. At this point I was experimenting with wearing women's clothes.
And in the beach town I continued with meeting men.

In 1984 my father died. He couldn't eat properly. And still drank. I started stealing
things from 1982 and ended up spending 3 months in a detention centre in 1983 ( I think)
then had probation until age 18. When I left the centre I again run away but my children
services officer found me. Anyways. I stopped acting out and lost my father.

In 1981, I was in a school in grade 8 in a high school that I knew nearly everyone in
the school. 1982 year 9 I did it then had to continue year 9 in another school where I
was bullied. 1983 I had to repeat year 9 but when I was sentenced to 3 months prison
after stealing bicycles, a boat and tried to steel a car and succeeded in stealing my
dad's car and drove to a big city, my dad took me to the police. In the police interviews
they first tried to pin a lot of stuff on me and i played along until i got sick of the
righteous cop who thought i was some sort of crime wave. I wanted to leave school. One
of the best things I made friends with the strongest guy in that place. Funny thing I
remember when a yacht won for a small country. And a song about still standing. I made
a coffee table too.

After my father's funeral me and the second oldest brother returned to my mother's and
stepfather's place. A caravan with all of my toys and coffee table, my brother's models
and telescopes and clothes was stolen as well as school photos. The caravan was recovered
but nothing else. Who steals photos and toys?

2 incidents that happened about 8 years apart in 2 different states really affected me
badly. The day after my birthday in 1986 I picked up my car from the pub, saw some
friends, then drove home when I got to my turn I saw some police cars and an ambulance
and a car that looked like it was sideswiped. Turns out the driver who was killed was a
local popular girl and was pushing her car after running out of fuel. The drunk driver
lost his licence and not much else. I reckon he should have been locked up for murder.
Another 8 years or so in another state a local kid hopped into his classic car and headed
into town but a big 4wd driven by another drunk driver was headed towards him and
collided and killed him. The drunk driver got a slap on the hand. He, too should have
been put in jail for murder. 2 more wastes of spaces.

I want to tell my story to everyone for free. I don't want money. I am a unemployed carer
for my brother who has cancer. If anyone wants to donate, donate to a worthy cause of
your choosing.

In year 7 the teacher's kid was in his class and because of that I got the cane for
several times. Of course I would like to find that kid now and whip him but he is another
waste of space.

The principal was also a waste of space and at one time kept us all on the parade ground
where someone fainted from the heat. À girl at the school who I liked lied that she
liked me but was joking. I did see her again in 1989 maybe. The third bf of the
neighbour punched me because I started stalking her, oh yes I did stalk her but again
who the hell hooks up with my brother after dumping me.

That couple later was arrested for drugs and later left the area. A local drunk who
abused me for the following and stalking ended up getting run over and died. I thought
at least one waste of space is now dead.

A stupid idiot died. Good.

There were some great experiences from my childhood. Like a cat that was blind that I
called pinky. She was a white albino cat. She was probably blind.

She was the greatest pet I ever had. She had a litter in my dad's doctor's case. She
once followed me all the way to the local shop ( about 4 kms) and back but I had to
carry her the last few hundred yards. But as all great things it ended with tragedy. I
came home from school and couldn't find her. My dad said he found her after being
attacked by dogs, her back broken he had to put her out of her misery. I have never
since had a pet like her. I don't know what happened to the  dogs, but another
reason I hate dogs.

Put it this way. If I had a gun and a dog walked up to me I would pull the trigger.

On my stepfather. Yes he abused me and another kid. His reputation could be ruined by
this. His paintings are hanging in a council office and a park is named after him. If
anyone thinks they should be changed then I will get that done. If not I will leave it.
My stepfather passed away in 2005 from a heart attack because he still smoked.

My mother was controlling. I think in the early 2000's I told my mum and stepfather
about a girl I was interested in. That didn't work out. I never told them any other
relationship again. I think I picked younger girls because I missed out on girls from
21 to 33. I met many girls from 2001 to 2019. Most were younger. Only one was older.
But they were always of legal age. I could never be an abuser. And I couldn't be with
a married woman either.

Some of the first girls were Aussie, but I soon moved to Asian ladies, even marrying a
Vietnamese girl so she could stay in Australia. It failed though cause she was too busy
making money as a hooker. She claimed she was a stripper but she would bring guys back
to the house. In 2010 I changed to mostly African girls. My last lady friend was
Hispanic.

A "gf" in 2017 to 2018 who I had a baby with who was still born because of her not
telling me that her water had broken. She also cheated on me. I don't know when it
started. Soon after leaving a job where I was bullied and treated like rubbish a guy
came to the house and she hoped I wasn't home. After some distinctive noises I did
leave. She wanted to have a second baby but after finding out she cheated I didn't want
to have another kid with her. Soon after we left the house and I went back to living in
my car.

Living in my car. Pretty sure I did this from December 2009. Anytime I had work in big
city. At one point I joined a gym so I could shower. Other times I went to swimming
pools. Later I found a truck service station that wouldn't mind who used the showers
as long as you bought something.  Actually some great meals and people at the
place. I couldn't really afford it but at least I wasn't paying rent.

Yes I am an alcoholic. I won't stop. I want to die. I am ashamed. If anyone wants to
stop me guess you will have to lock me up. In the world we have a megalomaniac who
wants to rule the world. We have minorities who are continually dying in custody. If
even one person doesn't do anything then nothing changes.

Met a lovely person in 2011. Things ended in 2012 when I left a Job to be with her. Job
later folded. Owners were another waste of space. But I loved this person. I know it
wouldn't have worked though. I was too old. If I had met her in, oh that wouldn't work
out. Let's just say if I was 20 years younger it would have been better.

I can only think of one woman who was my perfect match but that didn't work out. Or if
we were born in different times.

Pretty sure that I will never find true love or another job.

Thanks to the federal government for forgetting unemployed people over 35. Thanks
for one state government for blaming another government for closing state boarders
then recording more infections. And thanks to a waste of space.

Pandemic. Look at the numbers. One country has the most. This country never took
proper precautions. Their leader is another waste of space.

My new catch phrase. Another waste of space.

Jobs I left. 2 times at the winery. Firstly one couple couldn't work fast enough. I
know I am slow but this couple was retarded. Second time was because of that leading
hand. Driving taxis I just moved depots when I moved houses. In 2002 I worked for a guy
to deliver junk mail. He was another waste of space. I lived with him and his gf ( being
a friend of mine) I woke up one night to his swearing, actually turning out to be a
reminder to my dad.

I worked for a depot in 2008-09, because the mechanic thought it was funny to trap me
in the window. Guess what another waste of space.

I worked for a depot where the owner was a waste of space.

A dealership I worked for where I was bullied and that. Well everyone there was a waste
of space.

Oh yea bonus material. A girl and a cop tried to frame me for hitting her car. She
actually reversed into me. Her and parents ran a shop with adult videos and drugs. The
cop was involved. Anyways later on I heard he tried to pick up another girl and got his
brains blown out.

In that place before we moved I could get anything I wanted. For instance I could buy
a gun.

So should I keep drinking.

I also ran a few businesses of my own. And even one on an app. Again probably making
less then $10 an hour. More wastes of spaces.

Talk about slave labour. Even in this country they still want people to pick fruit
and be paid for weight. Again another waste of space.

From October 2018, after I left that house I would work up to 8 days then drive up to
the little country town and buy and cook dinner for my brother. Sometime in September
2019 I noticed my brother had a lump on his neck. He said he had it for awhile. I got
him to see a doctor and when he did she referred him to a ct scan. Then he referred to
an oncologist. He was diagnosed with incurable cancer.

Mum passed away in 2013 from cancer.

I moved all my stuff up to the house to care for my brother at the end of September.
Cook and shop and stuff. Drive him to his appointments. We have visited another town
which is 100kms away 26 times. My brother has had all of his treatments and all is good
for now.

I will no longer risk my brothers life now. I won't be meeting anyone for years.

Now to this year. I have almost paid off a big debt. Started in 1994/1995 with a
bankcard. Up to $13000. Paid it off in 2012 after my ute got written off. But then
made it again after the move to be with that girl. This year I also got the remainder
of me super. ( a stupid idea. Why not have your money now). Anyways bought some gadgets,
paid off debt and may have a road bike end of this year.

My body isn't too good. I am overweight and have high blood pressure. I had also
started smoking when I was 15 then gave up when I was 23. So at a later date I may
develop cancer as well. Do I want to know. Part of me does and my doctor has suggested
I find out via an x-ray. Part of me does not. We all die. I have now reached out to
see a psychologist to talk to someone about my mental health and life. But I also want
to tell my life story to my family, some day.

I stopped drinking the other day will now take it one day at a time. I know I have to
be here for my brother. After that I don't know.
submitted by iamgodandashamed to lifestories [link] [comments]


2020.10.14 05:55 Army_Bot Summary For: Weekly Question Thread (10/5/2020 to 10/11/2020)

How come everyone only talks BAD about the military. Someone who wanted to join but is put off by nothing but complete absolutely negative comments on the life and quality of it
Link to Comment Chain
So I was separated under honorable conditions 7 months ago out of AIT, I’m wanting to re-enlist but there was a whole “fraudulent enlistment” thing that my chain of command reported my recruiter for because a family member of mine mentioned something they weren’t supposed to, to my commander. He didn’t discharge me for that though, he helped me out and sent me on my way as a separation under honorable conditions. Does anyone know if that report is classified or if they could pull it because my name would be attached to it when I try to re enlist. I don’t want to be shit on in the process of joining wondering if anyone has experience in recruiting or another area that would be helpful. PS I didn’t throw my recruiter under the bus he helped me out a lot and was a huge help in preparing me for basic and getting my mindset stable for BCT, the whole “look forward to the next meal” is what made it a breeze.
Link to Comment Chain
I was hoping to snag an option 4 contract/volunteer for airborne school if I get the chance later, but I keep seeing people on this reddit saying that airborne sucks and wrecks your body. Can someone elaborate on that? Is there a high risk of injury, or is it more of a long-term, wear and tear kind of thing? (And does it help if I'm planning to go into 25 or 35 series, which is presumably less hard on your body in general than infantry?) Are there any other downsides to going airborne that I'm missing?
On the other hand, are there any significant upsides to going airborne? I heard you're more likely to get opportunities for "high speed" assignments down the line if you're airborne qualified.
Link to Comment Chain
I’m shipping to BCT 12/28 after I graduate college this December. I went to MEPS last week and was surprised my paperwork said I’d be enlisting as an E-3 rather than an E-4. I asked my Army liaison about it and he said I’d be good to promote to E-4 when I show the Army my official college transcript so I thought cool no worries. Here’s my problem: this morning my academic advisor tells me my formal college transcript won’t be ready until mid January. Does anyone know what my chances are for the Army accepting my transcripts while I’m at BCT and allowing me to promote there? I don’t want to lose out on money if I don’t have to.
Edit: added a “he”. Also obligatory I’m not joining for the money but money is nice, ya know.
Link to Comment Chain
I'm a college senior (graduating in May) weighing my options. I know the general advice is to not enlist with a degree, but I'm considering it. I want to go to law school but definitely want to spend time working after undergrad. I figure rather than trying to get a job at a law firm I could enlist as a paralegal (27D) and use the GI bill to pay for law school once I get out. I'll be graduating with student loans and would like to start paying them down before going back to school. I have a good GPA (3.84) and a strong desire to serve. I've gotten some leadership experience through school, but I don't really see myself as an officer (besides maybe as a JAG down the line) and don't think I'd have a very competitive OCS packet. Any advice?
Link to Comment Chain
PCSing to JBLM. Where should a SINGLE junior O live? I was thinking Central Tacoma, near 6th Ave. But spoke to an O3 who said I should live in Seattle. I hate commuting so I want to keep that minimum. Is Central Tacoma a good compromise? I do enjoy night life
Link to Comment Chain
I've asked recruiters but can't get a clear answer; can you actually enlist as an 89D/EOD Tech? If so, is it better to enlist as, say, a Combat Engineer then volunteer for EOD school to make it there or jump right into it?
Link to Comment Chain
For cadets commissioning active duty out of ROTC, do both time in service/grade and ADSO time begin on the first day you're on active duty, or does commissioning date affect anything? Does advanced camp cadre/gold bar recruiter start the ADSO and promotion clocks earlier than if you just waited to start active duty at BOLC?
Link to Comment Chain
Hi I am in the recruiting process right now, I took the ASVAB already, we went to a hotel to get temp checked before going to MEPS and the recruiter said our PT is the following week and we would be staying at the hotel the night before the PT . I believe I heard a few youtubers say this when I was researching other peoples experiences before the ASVAB but I cant find these videos again. So is it normal to stay at the hotel the night before the PT, can someone confirm if this sounds like the due process of things, my family is wondering if thats the case. Thank you!
Link to Comment Chain
Hi, can I apply to Army OCS if I had a DOR at USMC OCS? Yes I know I'm dumb for going DOR at USMC OCS, is it possible in anyway to apply for Army OCS? At the time I was completely defeated at USMC OCS, and couldn't see myself completing it at all. I was given a drop code of DOR-18 and it said not recommended to reapply. At the time they told me I could enlist in the marines if I pleased but not come back to OCS. Also would enlisting in the army for 4 years then applying for OCS show I'm committed for a 2nd chance?
Link to Comment Chain
Should I join Army Reserve as an officer or focus on civilian career?
Hello, I’m currently a graduate student studying for my masters in IT and also currently in ROTC. I’ve always wanted to serve but also want to have a great civilian career in tech, so I figured I should join the reserves and work one weekend a month and 2-3 weeks every summer while having a paying job in IT in the private sector. I read a similar post here from another guy who’s in the same position as me, except he wants to go active. So I’m kind of in a bind here.
What would you guys do? Should I drop out of ROTC now and focus on my civilian career or do you think I should continue with ROTC and be an officer in their reserves? Or will being an officer take up too much time from advancing my civilian career?
Link to Comment Chain
Anyone know the contract lengths for 46S, 25V, and 35M? My recruiter couldn't tell me because the jobs weren't open when I visited (I'm willing to wait for a spot to open up) but I'd like to know the info now so I can start making a decision about which one I want to try for.
Link to Comment Chain
Is it true that Army SF officers usually only spend a few years in SF before going back to the conventional side?
Link to Comment Chain
Shipping to Benning for Infantry OSUT in a week. Hoping to pickup a slot for airborne after AIT. Curious what the chances of getting sent to a leg unit after finishing airborne would be. I would love to go to 10th mountain but also really want my jump wings. Are you guaranteed to be sent to an airborne unit after airborne school?
Link to Comment Chain
How difficult is it to get stationed at Fort Meade?
More specifically as a 35G?
Link to Comment Chain
My recruiter wants me to take apft before I ship out on 24th oct. Last time I took it I did well on everything besides sit ups and did not pass. So what happens if I don’t pass this PT test during Dep? I have combat mos and I’m actually in good shape even though i failed, I’ve just been working long hours and haven’t had the chance to really focus on fitness. But I know once I ship out I can get back to my previous fitness quickly.
Link to Comment Chain
Looking for details on 13F in Ranger Batt. Anyone with experience? Secondhand knowledge is welcome as well.
Link to Comment Chain
Is it possible to serve military full time while completing a double major online? I want to major in East Asian studies and business administration and was wondering if this was possible
Link to Comment Chain
Quick question, I'm at AIT at Gordon right now, is there any possible way to change my contact from active to National Guard or even Reserves? I know there probably isn't, but I still hold out hope.
Link to Comment Chain
I'm going through the process rn. I've informed my recruiter that I smoked weed briefly freshman year of college, and that I haven't smoked since (true). He said not to worry about it, and to never mention that to anyone again, which, ok no problem.
I previously held a (Federal) internship where I disclosed my MJ use. Filled out a form, gave a "it was a mistake I pinky promise it'll never ever happen again" statement, and was good to go.
Is there any chance this will jam me up during my enlistment process?
Link to Comment Chain
I am trying to get my JST put on my ERB so I can get the last bit of promotion points I need, but they have turned me back twice now.
The first time they told me I had to do it through the learning center, but when I contacted the learning center, they told me that S1 does it.
So I went back again and the S1 NCOIC himself turned me away and said that S1 doesn't do it. I am tried of being turned away, I have been promotable for over a year now because of points and am tired of this. Does anyone know my next course of action? Is my S1 just lying to me because they are lazy?
Link to Comment Chain
So does your vision have to be correctable to 20/20 at MEPS? I know when I go to the eye doctor, they're consistently only able to get it to 20/25, and my understanding is, you fail meps if you aren't able to correct to 20/20
Link to Comment Chain
Navy vet here, I’m trying to help a guy that works for me with some info about nah for his spouse during boot. Can anyone pass along the reg that covers this? TIA
Link to Comment Chain
I commissioned into the Reserves out of ROTC this past July.
My unit hasn’t contacted me at all so I haven’t been going to drill since commissioning. Is this normal? Am I supposed to contact them?
I’m going to BOLC in a few weeks anyway so at this point I don’t think it matters.
Just wondering if they even know I’m in their unit?
Link to Comment Chain
Does anyone know how airborne school is right now? I live in 3 weeks for it.
Link to Comment Chain
What should I expect going to Army BCT as a prior service Sailor (e4 8 years service)? Should I anticipate being treated like a day one private or like someone who has 8 honorable years of service? Anyone who’s attended BCT as prior service please advise. Thanks
Link to Comment Chain
Any 12R here I’m currently in technical school for electrical automation and have experience with residential in the feild. I’m thinking about joining active when I’m done with school tomorrow what are daily duties like and did you get deployed and if you did did you see combat?
Link to Comment Chain
Prior Service USAF and I've been working with a recruiter since beginning of April. Honorable discharge but I have a VA disability rating and need a medical waiver, though there is nothing that is an automatic disqualifier. In January I inprocessed with the Air National Guard and actually had my medical waiver approved in less than 2 months. The only reason I didn't move forward with them is the job availability was extremely slim, and with COVID and some extreme job uncertainty I wanted to go active.
Recruiter has been working with MEPS since April on the waiver. I have all my medical records, and seeing as I have already had another services waiver approved I was extremely optimistic. First long wait was due to COVID, understandable. Then another long wait due to MEPS liaison "losing" paperwork. Then another long wait because some of my records were "illegible" according to someone at Fort Campbell. Worked on getting everything in to a better resolution but now the paperwork has just been sitting with the MEPS liaison for three weeks needing to be approved. My recruiter has been very open with me and communicating, and he says everyone in his chain knows what's happening and isn't happy. He recommended I call the MEPS liaison office and see if I could speak to someone and give them a push, but doesn't know if that will help or make it worse.
Do I call the MEPS liaison or just keep waiting it out? Part of me knows I just need to tough it out and keep waiting, that this process can take forever and the military is always hurry up and wait yadda yadda but I hate things being out of my control. Thanks for letting me vent.
Link to Comment Chain
I am in the recruiting process, for active Army. I originally wanted to turn in an OCS packet and sit for the boards however, I scored a 109 on my GT score and I need a 110.
My recruiter and his superior have been all about enlisting me, and when I scored a 109 they told me I can enlist and drop my OCS packet at my first duty station. They also said I can sit for the boards and retest to get the 110, but the acceptance rate is extremely low and I probably won’t be picked up. Lastly, they said they didn’t care what I do because at the end of the day they are in and I’m not.
I have some funny feelings about the way they went about that conversation, are they just trying to enlist people and officer packets are not worth the time?
Can I actually drop my OCS packet as soon as I finish training? After some research, It’s my understanding that your superiors have to back your packet, which makes me think they won’t as soon as you arrive.
What are some positives and negatives of both enlisted and officer?
Is ROTC worth it for your masters degree?
I feel like I have asked a million questions and more than one way and my recruiter either is not being transparent or he just doesn’t know. Please help!
Link to Comment Chain
What does being a 35P at a line unit look like? What about with a coolguy unit (75th, attached to an ODA, etc)?
Link to Comment Chain
Hi I just started my class in AIT and it “ends” in December in the 14th. Would I still get block leave or would I have to report to my first duty station?
Link to Comment Chain
I had my battalion OCS interview this week. My package is now supposed to go to USAREC. For any recruiters on here, does battalion send my packet to USAREC or does my recruiter have to send it up? My recruiter is new and can’t seem to get an answer. I want to make sure I don’t miss today’s deadline.
Link to Comment Chain
Has anyone PS rejoined as their MOS and not had to go back to basic or ait and just went to a new duty station, how did that work? How was the pcsing process?
Link to Comment Chain
I had open-heart surgery as an infant. Maps have been taking a lengthy amount of time on my paperwork. Recently, they sent the documents to a cardiologist specialist for a second opinion. Any idea how long it could take?
Link to Comment Chain
Hey y'all, I'm reclassing to a packet MOS and my retention NCO tells me I have a report date (sometime next month) in the system. It's been roughly two weeks though and I haven't seen notification in ATRRS or my email. I'm thinking of contacting the branch manager, but I don't want to waste their time. The branch manager already put in my follow-on assigment, are school slots something they do too? Or is the system just slow and I should wait for it populate correctly?
Link to Comment Chain
Former enlisted Marine here thinking about joining as an 11B with an Option 40
Looking for opinions and insight, I have recently left the Marine Corps and being an Army Ranger is of interest to me. Ranger school is something everyone can go to and earn a tab, but Option 40 sends you to RASP after AIT, and then you get stationed with the 75th Ranger Regiment correct? So if I signed an 11B with an Option 40 I would just go to AIT, RASP and then the Regiment?
Also I'm not completely sure if I should commission or enlist. I wont do either until I get my degree but with the enlisted side, I for sure get to attend RASP as an 11B, something as an officer I know is not guaranteed. I am confident in my abilities to graduate OCS at a pretty high level, but I feel like that there are unforeseen factors that can deter me from being an Infantry Officer. All I know is, being an Infantry Officer in the Regiment is a lot more of a gamble than just enlisting.

Can anyone offer me their experience / insight on enlisting / commissioning to being an Army Ranger? What is RASP like, what is 11B AIT like? Pros / cons of enlisting / officer? I have a general sense of the pros / cons of enlisting because of The Marine Corps, wondering if its any different in the Army.
Link to Comment Chain
Anyone know what GT/ASVAB score you need for a 42R(Traditional Army bands) also what prerequisite will they require before enlisting(Not BCT or AIT)? Song knowledge for auditioning or do they audition? And what the culture is like? My wife is wanting to serve active duty as 42R in Bass Trombone.
Link to Comment Chain
Does anyone have insights about the 88k mos? It sounds really fun, but recruiter doesn’t know much about it. Any info helps, thanks.
Link to Comment Chain
Reserve 35S
Prior service just need some basic insight please and thank you.
-Does anyone have any idea what annual training for the reserves looks like for a 35S? I understand its partially in line with your unit. But are some units more ‘strategic’ than others (do your actual job during/ no field bs during AT)? Or do they all tend to do the same thing for AT’s? -Also, have they officially changed the AIT to GoodFellow now or can i expect to be going to Corry? -How’s life for a MOS-T during this COVID era in AIT?
Link to Comment Chain
Does 35L counterintelligence mos require DLAB to enlist for the job?
Link to Comment Chain
Hello everyone, I’m a navy reject planning on joining the army, waiting on clearance for the medical stuff and what not, but beyond that, I’ve been curious about MOS’s and I was wondering if the 94 series is as good and transferable as the 25 series, I really like both and I’m pretty sure both are signal Corp, I was hoping to get some input and see if anyone has any info as to what the jobs entail and the overall lifestyle of each, thank you!
Link to Comment Chain
Good morning! I am looking into joining the Army Reserve. I have met with a recruiter and I am going to take the ASVAB. I am interested in becoming a pilot. I would prefer flying a fixed wing aircraft like the C-130 or the c-17. However, I would be fine flying helicopters as well. My question is is there a direct way to join and train to become a pilot? I understand I have to become a Warren Officer or an aviation officer. It seems like I may have to start off with a job that is available depending on my ASVAB score and then prepare a packet for the Warren officer candidate school. The reason I am looking into the reserve and not active duty is because I don’t want to get stationed far from home or in another country.
The jobs I am interested in so far are 155a and 153a.
Thanks you, Justin Calero
Link to Comment Chain
Prior service here required to repeat BCT due to break in service.
Will my family get Tricare coverage while I'm in training?
Link to Comment Chain
How's the daily life of a Intel Soldier? More specifically a 35m or 35p. Is it a miserable desk job or is there usually more to it? Intel has been really appealing (along with aviation) to me but I feel like I'm having a romanticised look on it.
Link to Comment Chain
Is there specific army website I can go to to see the current retention tiers for my MOS? Or do I have to do this through retention
Link to Comment Chain
Probably a stupid question, but would I use my gtc for things like baggage fees? Flying on a commercial airline and I'm only authorized one bag, and I'd really like to take a second one.
Link to Comment Chain
I’m a college student and hold a civilian job as a security engineer.
I’m being told I scored high enough to get 17C or 25D as a MOS from my recruiter
However I see importance in holding my civilian job and I think the best opportunity would for me to join the reserves or national guard.
I’m trying to figure out which one would be more beneficial to me. I am looking to have the army pay for my college or at least most of it and looking to seek benefits if I ever get deployed.
Any information about the national guard in the state of NY or education benefits will be appreciated im located in NYC and any advice based on which would I should consider would be helpful.
Link to Comment Chain
Are the prior service business rules a guideline to know what jobs you can choose from, assuming they have openings. Or is there a chance you can get a job not on the list?
Link to Comment Chain
When enlisting as a prior service (guard to active) do you get any say in 11c over 11b? Like can you request when you get to OSUT? (Reclassing from 91b)
Link to Comment Chain
High school graduate who is taking a gap semester this year. Looking at different options for my future and career path and have been eyeing on the different military branches for cyber security MOSs that offer certificates and experience. My real question is however is does army most 17C provide that for my situation?
Link to Comment Chain
Hey guys I have six years prior service(logistics) with a masters degree. Could I join the army as a 03 in a logistics role?
Link to Comment Chain
submitted by Army_Bot to army [link] [comments]


2020.10.14 05:55 Army_Bot Summary For: Weekly Question Thread (10/5/2020 to 10/11/2020)

How come everyone only talks BAD about the military. Someone who wanted to join but is put off by nothing but complete absolutely negative comments on the life and quality of it
Link to Comment Chain
So I was separated under honorable conditions 7 months ago out of AIT, I’m wanting to re-enlist but there was a whole “fraudulent enlistment” thing that my chain of command reported my recruiter for because a family member of mine mentioned something they weren’t supposed to, to my commander. He didn’t discharge me for that though, he helped me out and sent me on my way as a separation under honorable conditions. Does anyone know if that report is classified or if they could pull it because my name would be attached to it when I try to re enlist. I don’t want to be shit on in the process of joining wondering if anyone has experience in recruiting or another area that would be helpful. PS I didn’t throw my recruiter under the bus he helped me out a lot and was a huge help in preparing me for basic and getting my mindset stable for BCT, the whole “look forward to the next meal” is what made it a breeze.
Link to Comment Chain
I was hoping to snag an option 4 contract/volunteer for airborne school if I get the chance later, but I keep seeing people on this reddit saying that airborne sucks and wrecks your body. Can someone elaborate on that? Is there a high risk of injury, or is it more of a long-term, wear and tear kind of thing? (And does it help if I'm planning to go into 25 or 35 series, which is presumably less hard on your body in general than infantry?) Are there any other downsides to going airborne that I'm missing?
On the other hand, are there any significant upsides to going airborne? I heard you're more likely to get opportunities for "high speed" assignments down the line if you're airborne qualified.
Link to Comment Chain
I’m shipping to BCT 12/28 after I graduate college this December. I went to MEPS last week and was surprised my paperwork said I’d be enlisting as an E-3 rather than an E-4. I asked my Army liaison about it and he said I’d be good to promote to E-4 when I show the Army my official college transcript so I thought cool no worries. Here’s my problem: this morning my academic advisor tells me my formal college transcript won’t be ready until mid January. Does anyone know what my chances are for the Army accepting my transcripts while I’m at BCT and allowing me to promote there? I don’t want to lose out on money if I don’t have to.
Edit: added a “he”. Also obligatory I’m not joining for the money but money is nice, ya know.
Link to Comment Chain
I'm a college senior (graduating in May) weighing my options. I know the general advice is to not enlist with a degree, but I'm considering it. I want to go to law school but definitely want to spend time working after undergrad. I figure rather than trying to get a job at a law firm I could enlist as a paralegal (27D) and use the GI bill to pay for law school once I get out. I'll be graduating with student loans and would like to start paying them down before going back to school. I have a good GPA (3.84) and a strong desire to serve. I've gotten some leadership experience through school, but I don't really see myself as an officer (besides maybe as a JAG down the line) and don't think I'd have a very competitive OCS packet. Any advice?
Link to Comment Chain
PCSing to JBLM. Where should a SINGLE junior O live? I was thinking Central Tacoma, near 6th Ave. But spoke to an O3 who said I should live in Seattle. I hate commuting so I want to keep that minimum. Is Central Tacoma a good compromise? I do enjoy night life
Link to Comment Chain
I've asked recruiters but can't get a clear answer; can you actually enlist as an 89D/EOD Tech? If so, is it better to enlist as, say, a Combat Engineer then volunteer for EOD school to make it there or jump right into it?
Link to Comment Chain
For cadets commissioning active duty out of ROTC, do both time in service/grade and ADSO time begin on the first day you're on active duty, or does commissioning date affect anything? Does advanced camp cadre/gold bar recruiter start the ADSO and promotion clocks earlier than if you just waited to start active duty at BOLC?
Link to Comment Chain
Hi I am in the recruiting process right now, I took the ASVAB already, we went to a hotel to get temp checked before going to MEPS and the recruiter said our PT is the following week and we would be staying at the hotel the night before the PT . I believe I heard a few youtubers say this when I was researching other peoples experiences before the ASVAB but I cant find these videos again. So is it normal to stay at the hotel the night before the PT, can someone confirm if this sounds like the due process of things, my family is wondering if thats the case. Thank you!
Link to Comment Chain
Hi, can I apply to Army OCS if I had a DOR at USMC OCS? Yes I know I'm dumb for going DOR at USMC OCS, is it possible in anyway to apply for Army OCS? At the time I was completely defeated at USMC OCS, and couldn't see myself completing it at all. I was given a drop code of DOR-18 and it said not recommended to reapply. At the time they told me I could enlist in the marines if I pleased but not come back to OCS. Also would enlisting in the army for 4 years then applying for OCS show I'm committed for a 2nd chance?
Link to Comment Chain
Should I join Army Reserve as an officer or focus on civilian career?
Hello, I’m currently a graduate student studying for my masters in IT and also currently in ROTC. I’ve always wanted to serve but also want to have a great civilian career in tech, so I figured I should join the reserves and work one weekend a month and 2-3 weeks every summer while having a paying job in IT in the private sector. I read a similar post here from another guy who’s in the same position as me, except he wants to go active. So I’m kind of in a bind here.
What would you guys do? Should I drop out of ROTC now and focus on my civilian career or do you think I should continue with ROTC and be an officer in their reserves? Or will being an officer take up too much time from advancing my civilian career?
Link to Comment Chain
Anyone know the contract lengths for 46S, 25V, and 35M? My recruiter couldn't tell me because the jobs weren't open when I visited (I'm willing to wait for a spot to open up) but I'd like to know the info now so I can start making a decision about which one I want to try for.
Link to Comment Chain
Is it true that Army SF officers usually only spend a few years in SF before going back to the conventional side?
Link to Comment Chain
Shipping to Benning for Infantry OSUT in a week. Hoping to pickup a slot for airborne after AIT. Curious what the chances of getting sent to a leg unit after finishing airborne would be. I would love to go to 10th mountain but also really want my jump wings. Are you guaranteed to be sent to an airborne unit after airborne school?
Link to Comment Chain
How difficult is it to get stationed at Fort Meade?
More specifically as a 35G?
Link to Comment Chain
My recruiter wants me to take apft before I ship out on 24th oct. Last time I took it I did well on everything besides sit ups and did not pass. So what happens if I don’t pass this PT test during Dep? I have combat mos and I’m actually in good shape even though i failed, I’ve just been working long hours and haven’t had the chance to really focus on fitness. But I know once I ship out I can get back to my previous fitness quickly.
Link to Comment Chain
Looking for details on 13F in Ranger Batt. Anyone with experience? Secondhand knowledge is welcome as well.
Link to Comment Chain
Is it possible to serve military full time while completing a double major online? I want to major in East Asian studies and business administration and was wondering if this was possible
Link to Comment Chain
Quick question, I'm at AIT at Gordon right now, is there any possible way to change my contact from active to National Guard or even Reserves? I know there probably isn't, but I still hold out hope.
Link to Comment Chain
I'm going through the process rn. I've informed my recruiter that I smoked weed briefly freshman year of college, and that I haven't smoked since (true). He said not to worry about it, and to never mention that to anyone again, which, ok no problem.
I previously held a (Federal) internship where I disclosed my MJ use. Filled out a form, gave a "it was a mistake I pinky promise it'll never ever happen again" statement, and was good to go.
Is there any chance this will jam me up during my enlistment process?
Link to Comment Chain
I am trying to get my JST put on my ERB so I can get the last bit of promotion points I need, but they have turned me back twice now.
The first time they told me I had to do it through the learning center, but when I contacted the learning center, they told me that S1 does it.
So I went back again and the S1 NCOIC himself turned me away and said that S1 doesn't do it. I am tried of being turned away, I have been promotable for over a year now because of points and am tired of this. Does anyone know my next course of action? Is my S1 just lying to me because they are lazy?
Link to Comment Chain
So does your vision have to be correctable to 20/20 at MEPS? I know when I go to the eye doctor, they're consistently only able to get it to 20/25, and my understanding is, you fail meps if you aren't able to correct to 20/20
Link to Comment Chain
Navy vet here, I’m trying to help a guy that works for me with some info about nah for his spouse during boot. Can anyone pass along the reg that covers this? TIA
Link to Comment Chain
I commissioned into the Reserves out of ROTC this past July.
My unit hasn’t contacted me at all so I haven’t been going to drill since commissioning. Is this normal? Am I supposed to contact them?
I’m going to BOLC in a few weeks anyway so at this point I don’t think it matters.
Just wondering if they even know I’m in their unit?
Link to Comment Chain
Does anyone know how airborne school is right now? I live in 3 weeks for it.
Link to Comment Chain
What should I expect going to Army BCT as a prior service Sailor (e4 8 years service)? Should I anticipate being treated like a day one private or like someone who has 8 honorable years of service? Anyone who’s attended BCT as prior service please advise. Thanks
Link to Comment Chain
Any 12R here I’m currently in technical school for electrical automation and have experience with residential in the feild. I’m thinking about joining active when I’m done with school tomorrow what are daily duties like and did you get deployed and if you did did you see combat?
Link to Comment Chain
Prior Service USAF and I've been working with a recruiter since beginning of April. Honorable discharge but I have a VA disability rating and need a medical waiver, though there is nothing that is an automatic disqualifier. In January I inprocessed with the Air National Guard and actually had my medical waiver approved in less than 2 months. The only reason I didn't move forward with them is the job availability was extremely slim, and with COVID and some extreme job uncertainty I wanted to go active.
Recruiter has been working with MEPS since April on the waiver. I have all my medical records, and seeing as I have already had another services waiver approved I was extremely optimistic. First long wait was due to COVID, understandable. Then another long wait due to MEPS liaison "losing" paperwork. Then another long wait because some of my records were "illegible" according to someone at Fort Campbell. Worked on getting everything in to a better resolution but now the paperwork has just been sitting with the MEPS liaison for three weeks needing to be approved. My recruiter has been very open with me and communicating, and he says everyone in his chain knows what's happening and isn't happy. He recommended I call the MEPS liaison office and see if I could speak to someone and give them a push, but doesn't know if that will help or make it worse.
Do I call the MEPS liaison or just keep waiting it out? Part of me knows I just need to tough it out and keep waiting, that this process can take forever and the military is always hurry up and wait yadda yadda but I hate things being out of my control. Thanks for letting me vent.
Link to Comment Chain
I am in the recruiting process, for active Army. I originally wanted to turn in an OCS packet and sit for the boards however, I scored a 109 on my GT score and I need a 110.
My recruiter and his superior have been all about enlisting me, and when I scored a 109 they told me I can enlist and drop my OCS packet at my first duty station. They also said I can sit for the boards and retest to get the 110, but the acceptance rate is extremely low and I probably won’t be picked up. Lastly, they said they didn’t care what I do because at the end of the day they are in and I’m not.
I have some funny feelings about the way they went about that conversation, are they just trying to enlist people and officer packets are not worth the time?
Can I actually drop my OCS packet as soon as I finish training? After some research, It’s my understanding that your superiors have to back your packet, which makes me think they won’t as soon as you arrive.
What are some positives and negatives of both enlisted and officer?
Is ROTC worth it for your masters degree?
I feel like I have asked a million questions and more than one way and my recruiter either is not being transparent or he just doesn’t know. Please help!
Link to Comment Chain
What does being a 35P at a line unit look like? What about with a coolguy unit (75th, attached to an ODA, etc)?
Link to Comment Chain
Hi I just started my class in AIT and it “ends” in December in the 14th. Would I still get block leave or would I have to report to my first duty station?
Link to Comment Chain
I had my battalion OCS interview this week. My package is now supposed to go to USAREC. For any recruiters on here, does battalion send my packet to USAREC or does my recruiter have to send it up? My recruiter is new and can’t seem to get an answer. I want to make sure I don’t miss today’s deadline.
Link to Comment Chain
Has anyone PS rejoined as their MOS and not had to go back to basic or ait and just went to a new duty station, how did that work? How was the pcsing process?
Link to Comment Chain
I had open-heart surgery as an infant. Maps have been taking a lengthy amount of time on my paperwork. Recently, they sent the documents to a cardiologist specialist for a second opinion. Any idea how long it could take?
Link to Comment Chain
Hey y'all, I'm reclassing to a packet MOS and my retention NCO tells me I have a report date (sometime next month) in the system. It's been roughly two weeks though and I haven't seen notification in ATRRS or my email. I'm thinking of contacting the branch manager, but I don't want to waste their time. The branch manager already put in my follow-on assigment, are school slots something they do too? Or is the system just slow and I should wait for it populate correctly?
Link to Comment Chain
Former enlisted Marine here thinking about joining as an 11B with an Option 40
Looking for opinions and insight, I have recently left the Marine Corps and being an Army Ranger is of interest to me. Ranger school is something everyone can go to and earn a tab, but Option 40 sends you to RASP after AIT, and then you get stationed with the 75th Ranger Regiment correct? So if I signed an 11B with an Option 40 I would just go to AIT, RASP and then the Regiment?
Also I'm not completely sure if I should commission or enlist. I wont do either until I get my degree but with the enlisted side, I for sure get to attend RASP as an 11B, something as an officer I know is not guaranteed. I am confident in my abilities to graduate OCS at a pretty high level, but I feel like that there are unforeseen factors that can deter me from being an Infantry Officer. All I know is, being an Infantry Officer in the Regiment is a lot more of a gamble than just enlisting.

Can anyone offer me their experience / insight on enlisting / commissioning to being an Army Ranger? What is RASP like, what is 11B AIT like? Pros / cons of enlisting / officer? I have a general sense of the pros / cons of enlisting because of The Marine Corps, wondering if its any different in the Army.
Link to Comment Chain
Anyone know what GT/ASVAB score you need for a 42R(Traditional Army bands) also what prerequisite will they require before enlisting(Not BCT or AIT)? Song knowledge for auditioning or do they audition? And what the culture is like? My wife is wanting to serve active duty as 42R in Bass Trombone.
Link to Comment Chain
Does anyone have insights about the 88k mos? It sounds really fun, but recruiter doesn’t know much about it. Any info helps, thanks.
Link to Comment Chain
Reserve 35S
Prior service just need some basic insight please and thank you.
-Does anyone have any idea what annual training for the reserves looks like for a 35S? I understand its partially in line with your unit. But are some units more ‘strategic’ than others (do your actual job during/ no field bs during AT)? Or do they all tend to do the same thing for AT’s? -Also, have they officially changed the AIT to GoodFellow now or can i expect to be going to Corry? -How’s life for a MOS-T during this COVID era in AIT?
Link to Comment Chain
Does 35L counterintelligence mos require DLAB to enlist for the job?
Link to Comment Chain
Hello everyone, I’m a navy reject planning on joining the army, waiting on clearance for the medical stuff and what not, but beyond that, I’ve been curious about MOS’s and I was wondering if the 94 series is as good and transferable as the 25 series, I really like both and I’m pretty sure both are signal Corp, I was hoping to get some input and see if anyone has any info as to what the jobs entail and the overall lifestyle of each, thank you!
Link to Comment Chain
Good morning! I am looking into joining the Army Reserve. I have met with a recruiter and I am going to take the ASVAB. I am interested in becoming a pilot. I would prefer flying a fixed wing aircraft like the C-130 or the c-17. However, I would be fine flying helicopters as well. My question is is there a direct way to join and train to become a pilot? I understand I have to become a Warren Officer or an aviation officer. It seems like I may have to start off with a job that is available depending on my ASVAB score and then prepare a packet for the Warren officer candidate school. The reason I am looking into the reserve and not active duty is because I don’t want to get stationed far from home or in another country.
The jobs I am interested in so far are 155a and 153a.
Thanks you, Justin Calero
Link to Comment Chain
Prior service here required to repeat BCT due to break in service.
Will my family get Tricare coverage while I'm in training?
Link to Comment Chain
How's the daily life of a Intel Soldier? More specifically a 35m or 35p. Is it a miserable desk job or is there usually more to it? Intel has been really appealing (along with aviation) to me but I feel like I'm having a romanticised look on it.
Link to Comment Chain
Is there specific army website I can go to to see the current retention tiers for my MOS? Or do I have to do this through retention
Link to Comment Chain
Probably a stupid question, but would I use my gtc for things like baggage fees? Flying on a commercial airline and I'm only authorized one bag, and I'd really like to take a second one.
Link to Comment Chain
I’m a college student and hold a civilian job as a security engineer.
I’m being told I scored high enough to get 17C or 25D as a MOS from my recruiter
However I see importance in holding my civilian job and I think the best opportunity would for me to join the reserves or national guard.
I’m trying to figure out which one would be more beneficial to me. I am looking to have the army pay for my college or at least most of it and looking to seek benefits if I ever get deployed.
Any information about the national guard in the state of NY or education benefits will be appreciated im located in NYC and any advice based on which would I should consider would be helpful.
Link to Comment Chain
Are the prior service business rules a guideline to know what jobs you can choose from, assuming they have openings. Or is there a chance you can get a job not on the list?
Link to Comment Chain
When enlisting as a prior service (guard to active) do you get any say in 11c over 11b? Like can you request when you get to OSUT? (Reclassing from 91b)
Link to Comment Chain
High school graduate who is taking a gap semester this year. Looking at different options for my future and career path and have been eyeing on the different military branches for cyber security MOSs that offer certificates and experience. My real question is however is does army most 17C provide that for my situation?
Link to Comment Chain
Hey guys I have six years prior service(logistics) with a masters degree. Could I join the army as a 03 in a logistics role?
Link to Comment Chain
submitted by Army_Bot to ArmyWQT [link] [comments]


2020.10.13 14:49 rusticgorilla Lost in the Sauce: Fox News launders unverified Russian intel on Trump's behalf

Welcome to Lost in the Sauce, keeping you caught up on political and legal news that often gets buried in distractions and theater… or a global health crisis.
Housekeeping:

Trump’s Russian laundromat

The Trump administration has been using conservative outlets like Fox News to launder unverified Russian intelligence intended to denigrate Democratic officials and candidates. In the latest instance last week, DNI John Ratcliffe declassified handwritten notes from 2016 by then-CIA Director John Brennan stating that he had briefed President Obama on Russian activities, including a reference to Hillary Clinton’s campaign attempting to “vilify Donald Trump.” Fox News was the first to publish the notes.
Brennan accused Ratcliffe of selectively declassifying documents in order to "advance the political interests" of Trump ahead of the election:
"These were my notes from the 2016 period when I briefed President Obama and the rest of the national security council team about what the Russians were up to and I was giving examples of the type of access that the US intelligence community had to Russian information and what the Russians were talking about and alleging," he added.
Ratcliffe has approved the release of even more information meant to assist Trump, including “a large binder full of documents” he gave to the Justice Department. "At my direction, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence has provided almost 1,000 pages of materials to the Department of Justice in response to Mr. Durham's document request,” Ratcliffe confirmed.
There is nothing illegal about the actions allegedly taken by the Clinton campaign, as detailed in the released documents. As Lawfare explains, the declassified memo originated from the CIA’s Counterintelligence Mission Center:
Importantly, it is not a crimes report. Rather, as the name suggests, the purpose of a CIOL is to pass operational leads to the FBI for counterintelligence purposes. In this case, the CIA had information indicating that a hostile foreign intelligence service may have spied on a U.S. presidential campaign. Even if the intelligence was questionable, it still presented a significant counterintelligence risk—which is why, as Ratcliffe’s letter says, it was reported to the FBI...
Meanwhile, Trump tweeted that he has authorized the release of every document related to the “Russian Hoax” and the “Hillary Clinton Email Scandal. Tweet. He then added:
All Russia Hoax Scandal information was Declassified by me long ago. Unfortunately for our Country, people have acted very slowly, especially since it is perhaps the biggest political crime in the history of our Country. Act!!!
  • In an interview on Fox News a couple of days later, Trump expressed displeasure that Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had not yet released the emails deleted from Clinton's private server: "She said she had 33,000 e-mails...They're in the State Department, but Mike Pompeo has been unable to get them out, which is very sad actually. I'm -- I'm not happy about him for that, that reason. He was unable to get -- I don't know why. You're running the State Department and you get them out.” (clip)
  • The very next day, Pompeo appeared on Fox News to assert: "We've got the emails, we're getting them out." Asked if they would be released before the election, he said, "I certainly think there'll be more to see before the election." (clip)
Buzzfeed News took Trump’s tweets to a judge to gain the release of the entire unredacted Mueller report before Election Day. US District Judge Reggie Walton directed the Justice Department to “confer with the White House” and report back to the court the “official position regarding the declassification and release to the public of information related to the Russia investigation.”

Durham probe

For the second straight week, the media is reporting the Durham investigation will not produce a report prior to the election. Last week, AG Bill Barr reportedly told top Republicans that they should not expect any further indictments or a comprehensive report before Nov. 3.
Trump publicly attacked Barr for what he sees as the slow progress of the Durham probe. “I think it’s a terrible thing. And I’ll say it to [Barr’s] face...See, this is what I mean with the Republicans. They don’t play the tough game,” Trump told Rush Limbaugh on Friday.
  • Earlier in the week, Trump sent an all-caps tweet calling for the arrests of his political rivals: “DO SOMETHING ABOUT THIS, THE BIGGEST OF ALL POLITICAL SCANDALS (IN HISTORY)!!! BIDEN, OBAMA AND CROOKED HILLARY LED THIS TREASONOUS PLOT!!! BIDEN SHOULDN’T BE ALLOWED TO RUN - GOT CAUGHT!!!” Trump tweeted.

Court cases

A three-judge Appellate Court panel ruled that Manhattan D.A. Vance can enforce a subpoena seeking President Trump’s personal and corporate tax returns. The panel was made up of two Clinton-appointees and an Obama-appointee. Trump’s attorneys are expected to appeal to the Supreme Court.
They concluded that the president did not show that Mr. Vance had been driven by politics. “None of the president’s allegations, taken together or separately, are sufficient to raise a plausible inference that the subpoena was issued out of malice or an intent to harass,” they wrote.
Prominent Trump and GOP fundraiser Elliott Broidy was charged with conspiring to violate the Foreign Agents Registration Act. Prosecutors say Broidy accepted $6 million from a foreign client to lobby administration officials to end a federal investigation related to the looting of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad fund, known as 1MDB. The court filing also accuses Mr. Broidy of seeking the extradition of a Chinese citizen from the United States.
  • Note that Barr received a waiver to participate in the investigation of 1MDB despite his former law firm’s involvement in the case. Steve Bannon was arrested earlier this year on a yacht belonging to one of the individuals tied up in the case, as well.
Trump appeals order to continue Census count to the Supreme Court. A three-judge panel of the 9th Circuit upheld a lower court order allowing the 2020 count to continue through October. The administration has asked SCOTUS to put an immediate hold on the injunction while it appeals.
The Supreme Court punted a decision on access to abortion, keeping open the option of revisiting the case at a later date. The Trump administration asked the high court to require women seeking the drugs for medication abortions to visit a doctor’s office or clinic. The order was unsigned but Justices Alito and Thomas declared their approval of the administration’s request in a separate filing.
“While COVID-19 has provided the ground for restrictions on First Amendment rights, the District Court saw the pandemic as a ground for expanding the abortion right recognized in Roe v. Wade,” wrote Alito and Thomas.
Other court cases to note:
  • Lawyers for E. Jean Carroll asked a judge to block the DOJ from intervening to represent Trump in her defamation lawsuit against the president. Her lawyers say the law in question, the Federal Tort Claims Act, does not apply to Trump — or to any other president. They also said that Trump, in any case, was not acting in his official role when he denied Carroll’s claims. Oral arguments in the case are scheduled for Oct. 21.
  • The DOJ admitted to “inadvertently” producing altered versions of notes from former FBI officials McCabe and Strzok that were turned over to Michael Flynn’s defense team and filed to the court as potentially exculpatory evidence. As Marcy Wheeler explains, this explanation doesn’t match all the evidence.
  • Court-appointed adviser John Gleeson, a retired judge, urged District Judge Emmet Sullivan to take the president’s comments about the case into account when making a decision about whether or not to grant the Flynn-DOJ joint effort to permanently end the prosecution. Gleeson notes that Trump’s tweets provide evidence of political pressure to drop the case against Flynn: Trump successfully pressured the DOJ to “create a new set of rules that only apply to Michael Flynn and will never apply to anyone else.”
  • A federal judge in California has ordered that Twitter reveal the identity of an anonymous user who allegedly fabricated an FBI document to spread a conspiracy theory about the killing of Seth Rich, the Democratic National Committee staffer who died in 2016.

Administration

Voice of America: Five suspended officials at the U.S. Agency for Global Media (USAGM) are suing the agency, its new CEO and several of his most senior aides, alleging they are breaking the law — routinely — in pursuing a pro-Trump agenda for the Voice of America news service.
David Kligerman, who has been suspended from his position as general counsel of the agency by Pack, told NPR that the case was necessary to get the courts to enforce the firewall. (He is not a party to the case, though he is cited in it as a whistleblower harmed by Pack's actions.) Kligerman and the five plaintiffs jointly filed a whistleblower complaint late last month, alleging Pack sought to oust them under a pretext of "security concerns" because they challenged his intrusion into journalistic decision-making.
  • Reminder: CEO Michael Pack, an ally of Steve Bannon, started his tenure by firing the heads of four organizations under USAGM. He then refused to renew the U.S. visas of more than 70 foreign journalists who work for VOA, vaguely accusing some of them of being spies. Pack tried to fire the board of the Open Technology Fund, an organization that supports Internet freedom initiatives, but a court blocked the terminations. Nevertheless, Pack succeeded in cutting off a large portion of its funding, forcing the non-profit to suspend over 80% of its projects. Finally, Pack ordered two political operatives he installed as his aides to investigate Steve Herman, the VOA White House bureau chief who reported on Pence’s disregard for masks, for anti-Trump bias.
Bureau of Land Management: William Perry Pendley, head of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), is refusing to leave his position after a judge ruled he is illegally serving as chief. “I have the support of the president,” he told the Wyoming Powell Tribune. “I have the support of the secretary of the interior and my job is to get out and get things done to accomplish what the president wants to do.”
CIA appointment: Bert Mizusawa, a retired major general who served as an advisor to Trump’s 2016 campaign, was quietly installed in a senior advisory role at the CIA earlier this year. The move is spurring discussion among some former agency officials, who say the arrangement is highly unusual.
“An outsider with no internal sponsorship?” said one of the former officials. “That never happens.”
...Trump allies outside the administration have signaled frustration with Haspel in recent weeks, accusing the CIA chief of blocking the declassification of documents relevant to the investigation into his 2016 campaign’s ties to Russia that they view as exculpatory.
Trump has appointed Justin Peterson to the Financial Oversight and Management Board for Puerto Rico, sparking conflict of interest allegations. Peterson previously represented hedge fund bondholders pushing the board to pay them billions of dollars. Rep. Nydia Valazquez (D-NY): “As a member of the Board, Peterson would have a critical say in how to restructure the Island’s debt, but his coziness with bondholders is a serious red flag and a clear conflict of interest.”
A hate group employee is now leading diversity & inclusion efforts in the Department of Education. Weeks ago, Sarah Parshall Perry was defending J.K. Rowling on the Family Research Council podcasts. Now, Betsy Devos has bought Perry aboard to oversee inclusivity within the DOE.

Trump money

NYT revealed that Trump “engineered a sudden windfall” in 2016, moving over $21 million from a Vegas hotel Trump owns with billionaire Phil Ruffin, through other Trump companies, to his campaign.
“If Trump took out a bank loan in the LLC’s name for the purpose of financing his election, then the Trump campaign violated its legal reporting requirements by failing to disclose the loan, and failing to disclose that Trump’s Vegas property was used as collateral.”
The Times also reported that the LLC in question–Trump Las Vegas Sales and Marketing–claimed a deduction on the payment made to Trump in 2016. If the $30 million loan was, in fact, used to finance the president’s then-money-starved campaign, the potential criminality would be amplified.
In an apparent quid pro quo, Ruffin asked Trump for a favor after his inauguration: revive the high speed train project to bring gamblers from California to the Vegas strip. The Obama administration considered but turned down a $5.5 billion loan for the train. This past March, the Trump administration approved the project.
Among the train’s chief beneficiaries will be Mr. Ruffin and the other grandees of gambling who became a vital font of political money for Mr. Trump when he needed it most. And, of course, Donald Trump himself.
Another NYT report showed that Trump “reinvented” the swamp after he took office, setting up an extensive quid pro quo network with private businesses and special interests. Over 200 companies, special-interest groups, and foreign governments patronized Trump’s properties while reaping benefits from him and his administration.
Just 60 customers with interests at stake before the administration brought the Trump Organization nearly $12 million during the first two years of Mr. Trump’s presidency, The Times found. Almost all saw their interests advanced, in some fashion, by the president or his government.
...During Mr. Trump’s campaign and the months leading up to his inauguration, the in-house magazine at his Mar-a-Lago club in Florida announced nearly 100 new members, a number of whom had significant business interests in Washington. The tax records show that in 2016 alone, the club’s initiation fees delivered close to $6 million in revenue.
...More than 70 advocacy groups, businesses and foreign governments threw events at the properties that had previously been held elsewhere, or created new events that drove dollars into Mr. Trump’s business.
Donors also paid for the privilege of giving money to his campaign and super PAC. Mr. Trump attended 34 fund-raisers held at his hotels and resorts, events that brought them another $3 million in revenue. Sometimes, he lined up his donors to ask what they needed from the government.
Trump claimed a $21 million tax break for leaving the woodland surrounding his New York mansion undeveloped, a figure inflated by what appears to be a fraudulent appraisal. The value of the 212-acre estate was based on the premise that Trump could build and sell 24 manions on the land. However, building anything on that property was impossible, due largely to objections by neighbors. Trump was paid by the government not to build mansions that he never could have built, in other words.
In addition to the conservation easement tax break, Trump in 2014 also classified Seven Springs as an investment property, rather than a personal residence, and wrote off $2.2 million in property taxes as a business expense, the New York Times recently reported.
Trump’s family members have described the home as a family retreat in the past, and the Trump Organization’s website still characterizes Seven Springs that way. “Today, Seven Springs is used as a retreat for the Trump family,” the website says.
Trump’s adult children have brough at least $238,000 of taxpayer money into the Trump Organization by traveling to their family properties with Secret Service. “The president’s company billed the U.S. government hundreds, or thousands, of dollars for rooms agents used on each trip, as the agency sometimes booked multiple rooms or a multiroom rental cottage on the property,” WaPo reports.
The records also show about $29,000 in federal payments to Trump properties that related to travel by Donald Trump Jr. Trump Jr. stayed repeatedly at the Trump hotel in Washington — just blocks from his father’s residence at the White House...
In the records obtained by The Post, travel by Ivanka Trump and her family accounted for more than $42,000 in federal payments to Trump properties. Much of that total came this spring, after Ivanka Trump had urged other Americans not to travel.
US taxpayers picked up the tab for billionaire US ambassador's stay at Donald Trump’s Scottish resort. The billionaire US ambassador to the UK, Woody Johnson, ran up a bill to US taxpayers totalling more than £1,000 in a single day while staying at Donald Trump’s flagship Scottish hotel and golf resort.
American Oversight, a non-partisan, non-profit ethics watchdog: “That Donald Trump uses his office and American tax dollars to prop up his failing businesses is widely known and shameful. That the US ambassador to the UK would use taxpayer money to play golf is simply embarrassing.”

Immigration

Border wall: The Ninth Circuit on Friday ruled that President Donald Trump’s allocation of military funds for construction of his border wall was illegal. In a 2-1 ruling, the three-judge panel lifted a stay on a lower court order, thus putting an immediate stop to all border wall construction. The one dissenting judge was Daniel Collins, a Trump appointee.
Family separation 1.0: Former AG Jeff Sessions and Deputy AG Rod Rosenstein led the push to prosecute all undocumented immigrants even if it meant separating children from their parents.
[Rosenstein told] the five prosecutors that it did not matter how young the children were. He said that government lawyers should not have refused to prosecute two cases simply because the children were barely more than infants.
Family separation 2.0: Customs and Border Protection touted agents’ “rescue” of a Honduran woman who just gave birth. What border officials didn’t mention was that, hours after their purported rescue, they separated the Honduran immigrant from her newborn and detained her pending possible removal.
  • “They told her she was going to be sent back to Mexico without her baby,” said Amy Maldonado, who is legally representing the mother.
Detention: Inside the US Marshals’ Secretive, Deadly Detention Empire: Due in large part to Trump’s aggressive immigration policies, the Marshals population is approaching historic highs. About two-thirds of all prosecutions between October 2018 and April 2019 were related to immigration crimes.
Deportation: ICE officials have started to implement a policy that allows officers to arrest and rapidly deport undocumented immigrants who have been in the US for less than two years - all without a hearing in front of a judge.

Further reading

Eric Trump has canceled a Michigan based campaign event scheduled to take place Tuesday at Huron Valley Guns in New Hudson after one of its former employees was linked to the domestic terror plot against the state's governor.
The Justice Department has suspended all diversity and inclusion training in every division, including for immigration judges that regularly hear cases of persecution based on religion, LGBT status, and gender.
Wisconsin Judge Upholds Statewide Mask Mandate
Michigan High Court Strikes Down Governor’s Covid Emergency Orders
A U.S. government watchdog agency is faulting the Trump administration’s handling of a COVID-19 relief effort that awarded energy companies breaks on payments for oil and gas extracted from public lands in Western states in more than 500 cases2
The California Secretary of State and Department of Justice have sent a cease and desist order to the California Republican Party to remove unofficial ballot drop boxes placed in at least three counties.
In a ruling issued late Monday night, a federal appeals court upheld Gov. Greg Abbott’s order that limited counties to one mail-in ballot drop-off location. All three judges on the 5th Circuit panel were appointed by Trump.
submitted by rusticgorilla to Keep_Track [link] [comments]


2020.10.11 03:35 Dungerzz HELP, I am currently In removal proceedings, I’ve had DACA for 7years.

Hello everyone, First and foremost I am 26 years old, married & have 2 kids, one is 5 the other is 3. I’ve had DACA since Obama was in office and still have DACA although it is expiring very soon. I am in a hard place in my life right now, very stressful and I feel hopeless about me and my family’s future. Before I go on about my story I have to add this important part. In oct/nov 2019 I had an appendix surgery, Everything went smooth, I got a call about a couple days later from my doctor saying she wanted to see me and talk about something. I showed up and we spoke, about the surgery but she told me they found a ball on the tip of my appendix, They tested it and it turns out it was a grade 2 carcinoid cancetumor. I spoke with a cancer specialist and he basically said it could be spreading out in my body since it was on the tip of my appendix, he suggested a lot of different surgeries which I was not about to do because it was way to much money and I don’t wanna live like that. Since that appendix surgery I have had some serious pain on my left abdomen, and they gave me hydroxycoden for pain. I was not about to be addicted to opioids.. a buddy recommended me to try marijuana for the pain. It worked wonders. I continued my life but 2 months after I was pulled over for speeding and had some marijuana on me (I regret this with my life) I got charged 2 felony counts, one for marijuana and another for a brownie I had.
I am losing my mind about all this, I regret all of my mistakes I never wanted to place myself & my family in such a terrible place. My wife is such a positive person and keeps my head up high everyday. I do not want to get deported. Any advice or if anyone has been through something like this please I need help!
UPDATE 10/22/2020
The prosecutor offered me a plea Gross misdemeanor of Less then a quarter of hashish With a stay of justification I believe it fits the Waiver, I have no other option but to take this plea or go to trial..
submitted by Dungerzz to immigration [link] [comments]


2020.10.09 18:20 parth770 Results of Your Advertising


Summary
Because your budget is limited, you, as the owner-manager of a small retail or service firm, must see that your advertising does the job you want it to. Measuring the results on a continuing basis can help you see that your ads keep your business's name before the public and play a role in increasing sales.
Planning is important. Before you can evaluate results, you must decide what purpose your ads should accomplish. This publication gives pointers on planning ads and discusses several ways you can compare advertising and sales and marketing agency in mumbai .
Advertising is necessary today. Whether you have a small business or a large one, you must tell people who you are, what you sell, and where you are. You must tell them when they wish to hear or read about it. So you must place ads in newspaper, on radio, television and outdoor posters, or send out direct mail.
As a small business owner-manager, you know the money that you spend on advertising must return enough sales and profits in added business to justify the cost of the advertising. Small firms have neither enough time nor money to engage in complicated ad measurement methods. Even so, you can use certain rule-of-thumb devices to get a good idea about the results of your advertising.
What Results Do You Expect?
Essentially, measuring results means comparing sales with advertising. To do this, you have to start early in the process before you even make up the advertisement. The question is: What do you expect the advertising to do for your store?
Immediate response advertising is designed to cause the potential customer to buy a particular product from you within a short time (i.e. today, tomorrow, the weekend, or next week). An example of such decision-triggering ads is one that promotes regular price merchandise with immediate appeal. Other examples are ads that use price appeals in combination with clearance sale, special purchases, seasonal items, (for example, white sales, holiday sales, back to school sales, etc.) and "family of items" purchases.
Advertising results should be checked daily. Since most advertising has some carry-over effect, it is also a good idea to check advertising runs two weeks after, three weeks after, and so on, to ensure that no opportunity for using profit-making messages is lost.
Attitude advertising is the type you use to keep your store's name and merchandise before the public. Some people think of this type as "image building" advertising. With it, you remind people week after week about your regular merchandise or services or tell them about new or special services or policies. Such advertising should create in the minds of your customers the attitude you want them to have about your store, its merchandise, its services, and Society Activation Mumbai
Attitude (or image-building) advertising is harder to measure than immediate response advertising because you cannot always attribute a specific sale to it. Its sales are usually created long after the ad has appeared. However, you should keep in mind that there is a lead-time relationship in such advertising. For example, an ad or a series of ads that announces you have the exclusive franchise for a particular brand starts to pay off when you begin to get customers who want that brand only and ask no questions about competing brands.
In short, attitude advertising messages linger in the minds of those who have some contact with the ad. Sooner or later, people may act upon these messages when they decide to make a certain purchase.
Because the purpose of attitude advertising is spread out over an extended period of time, the measurement of results can be more leisurely. Some attitude advertising such as a series of ads about the brands that the store carries�can be measured at the end of one month from the appearance of the ads or at the end of a campaign.
Planning for Results
Whether you are trying to measure immediate response or attitude advertising, your success will depend on how well the ads have been planned. The trick is to work out points against which you can check after customers have seen or heard the advertisement.
Certain things are basic to planning advertisements whose results can be measured.

Another basic element in planning advertisements is to know exactly what you wish a particular ad to accomplish. In an immediate response ad, you want customers to come in and buy a certain item or items in the next several days. In attitude advertising, you decide what attitude you are trying to create and plan each individual ad to that end.
Plan the ad around one idea
Each ad should have a single message. If the message needs reinforcing with other ideas, keep them in the background. If you have several important things to say, use a different ad for each one and run the ads on succeeding days or weeks.
The pointers which follow are designed to help you plan ads so they will make your store stand out consistently when people read or hear about it.
Identify your store fully and clearly
Make sure your radio and television ads identify your sponsorship as fully and frequently as possible without interfering with the message. Logotypes and signatures in visual ads should be clean-lined, uncluttered, and prominently displayed. Give your address and telephone number. It's possible to use a musical or sound effect signature identified with your store to create a "logo" on radio too.
Pick illustrations that are similar in character
Graphics that is, drawings, photos, borders, and layouts that are similar in character help people recognize your advertising immediately.
Pick one audio format or typeface and stick to it
Using the same typeface or the same audio format for radio or television helps people to recognize your ads quickly. Using the same format or kind of type and illustrations also allows you to concentrate on the message when checking ad response changes.
Make copy easy to understand
Printed messages should be broken up with white space to allow the reader to see the lines quickly. Broadcast messages should be written conversationally. Remember, these messages are human beings talking to human beings.
Tell your listeners how what you are advertising will help them. Consumers buy benefits, not products.
Get the main message in the first sentence, if you can. Sentences should be short. Be Direct. Go straight to the point. Get the audiences' attention in the first five seconds of the radio or television commercial.
Try out your script on somebody else or read it into a tape recorder. When you play the tape back, you'll easily spot phrases that are hard to understand (or believe). Your ears are better than your eyes for judging broadcast ads and merchant onboarding agency in mumbai..
Use coupons for direct mail advertising response as often as possible
Coupons give an immediate sales check. Key the coupon in some manner so that you can measure the response easily. In your radio ads, you can have listeners create their own "coupons". One fast food chain asked listeners to hand draw a coupon and bring it in for a free hamburger.
Tests for Immediate Response Ads
In weighing the results of your immediate response advertisements the following devices should be helpful:
Coupons brought in
Usually these coupons represent sales of the product. Were enough leads obtained (from coupons that represent requests of additional information or contact with a salesperson) to pay for the ad? If the coupon is dated, you can determine the number of returns for the first, second, and third weeks.
Requests by phone or letter referring to the ad
A "hidden offer" can cause people to call or write. For example, in the middle of an ad include a statement that on request the product or additional information will be supplied. Results should be checked over a one-week through six-month or 12-month period because this type of ad may have considerable carry-over effect.
Testing ads
Prepare two ads (different in some way you would like to test or set for different stations or broadcast times) and run them on the same day. Identify the ads -- in the message or with a coded coupon so you can tell them apart. Ask customers to bring in the coupon or to use a special phrase. Run two broadcast ads at different times or on different stations on the same day with different "discount phrases." Ask a newspaper to give you a "split run"�that is to print ad "A" in part of its press run and ad "B" in the rest of the run. Count the responses to each ads.
Sales made of a particular item
If the ad is on a bargain or limited-time offer, you can consider that sales at the end of one week, two weeks, three weeks, and four weeks came from the ad. You may need to judge how many sales came from in-store display and personal selling.
Check Store Traffic
An important function of advertising is to build store traffic that results in purchases of items that are not advertised. Pilot studies show, for example, that many customers who are brought to the store by an ad for a blouse also bought a handbag. Some bought the bag in addition to the blouse, others instead of the blouse.
You may be able to use a local college or high school distributive education class to check store traffic. Class members could interview customers as they leave the store to determine which advertised items they bought, what other items they bought and what they shopped for but did not buy.
Testing Attitude Advertising.
When advertising is spread out over a selling season or several seasons, part of the measurement job is keeping records. Your aim is comparing records of ads and sales for extended time.
An easy way to set up a file is by marking the date of the run on tear sheets of newspaper ads (many radio stations now provide "radio tear sheets"), log reports of radio and television ads, and copies of direct mail ads. The file may be broken down into monthly, quarterly, or semi-annual blocks. By recording the sales of the advertised items on each ad or log, you can make comparisons.
In attitude (or image-building) advertising
The individual ads are building blocks, so to speak, which make up your advertising over a selling season. The problem is trying to measure each ad and the effects of all of the ads taken together.
One approach is making your comparisons on a weekly basis. If you run an ad, for example, each week, at the end of the first week after the ad appears or is broadcast, compare that week's sales with sales for the same week a year ago. At the end of the second week, compare your sales with those of the end of the first week as well as year-ago figures.
At the end of the third week, one month, three months, six months and 12 months from the running of the ad, repeat the process even though additional ads may have appeared or been aired in the meantime. For each of these ads, you will also make the same type of comparisons. You will, of course, be measuring the "momentum" of all of your ads as well as the results of a single ad.
After a time, you probably will be able to estimate how much of the results are due to the individual ad and how much to the momentum of all your advertising. You may then make changes in specific details of the ad to increase response.
When comparing sales increases over some preceding period, allowances must be made for situations that are not normal. For example, your experience may be that rain on the day an ad appears cuts its pulling power by 50%. Similarly, advertising response will be affected by the fact that your customers work in a factory that is out on strike.
Some of the techniques to use for keeping on top of and improving attitude advertising:
When your ads appear simultaneously in different media�such as the newspaper, on radio and television, in direct mail pieces, and as handbills�you should try to evaluate the relative effectiveness of each. You can check one printed medium against the other by using companion (the same or almost identical) ads in the newspaper, direct mail, and handbills at marketing agency in mumbai.
You can make the job of analysing and comparing results from among the media easier by varying your copy�the message. Your ad copy, thus, becomes the means of identifying your ad response.
You can check broadcast media�radio and television�by slanting your message. Suppose, for example, that you advertise an item at 20% reduction. Your radio or television ad might say something like this: "Come in and tell us you want this product at 20% off."
You can compare these responses with results from your "20% off" newspaper ad. Require the customer to bring in the newspaper ad�or a coupon from it.
Some of the ways to vary the copy are: a combination of the brand name with a word or some words indicating the product type; tone of voice; speed of delivery; picture variations; size variations; and colour variations. Check your printed ads against each other as well as against your radio and television ads.
Be careful that the copy variation is not so great that a different impression is received from each medium. Here you would, in effect, have two different ads.
Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of Advertising
Even one ad, commercial or highway poster can result in sales for one product and attention for your business. You should remember, however, that a series of related ads results in sales over a longer period of time than the campaign lasts. Your business name will become very much better known. Your expenditures for advertising therefore, should be scheduled over a period of three, six and 12 months. Avoid deciding to advertise this week and putting off the decision about when you will next advertise.
Where to Get Help
Most newspaper offices have at least one person who can help you plan the overall layout, design of your ad, provide illustrations for your ad, and make suggestions about the copy that will be contained in the ad. Radio stations will often help write copy and provide a music background for the commercial. Television stations may produce your commercial, usually for a fee. Outdoor ad agencies may paint or design a poster or bulletin for you, again at a price. Specialty advertising firms may recommend gift items, some at very low costs.
Many small towns, as well as all cities, have one or more ad agencies that are organized to create and place retail ads for small advertisers.
These agencies will probably charge you a specific fee, as local media may not pay an ad agency fee.
If a college, university, or other school is near you, you might find that students will be happy to create your ads and even plan your campaign.
Government Regulations
Advertising is closely regulated by the Federal, Provincial and local governments. You should make it a practice to search for news items about such regulations that apply to your business.
About Us.
We are a local marketing and sales agency that help small/medium sized businesses and Start up. Established for over 10 years, our clients vary in size and cover a wide variety of business sectors. we see ourselves as active members of the local community helping local businesses by providing a variety of field marketing, btl marketing , door to door marketing, brand promotion, social media marketing, telemarketing, web and printed based marketing materials.
Contact Us.
Get in touch with us, we would love to discuss your marketing needs.
We love a good coffee and a challenge, so would be happy to meet up with you face to face.
submitted by parth770 to u/parth770 [link] [comments]


2020.10.07 20:38 mr_tyler_durden Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update October 7, 2020

Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update October 7, 2020
Notes by mr_tyler_durden and Daily Update Team
Register for your Absentee Ballot here!
Note: Thank you to the people who have given awards to these posts but I do want to say: Please don’t spend money to give these posts an award or if you want to give then donate it here instead. These people need your help more than I need awards. I guess if you are just spending reddit coins that you already have then that’s fine but don’t spend new money, donate it instead. Thank you all!
Watch here:
Headlines
Full Notes
(continued in stickied comment)
submitted by mr_tyler_durden to Coronavirus_KY [link] [comments]


2020.10.07 05:43 Alex_Blake_VGMV Let's Talk About Materia Collective

This is going to be quite a long read. I don’t intend for this to be sensational; I want to relay facts and experiences of myself and others in the VGM Vinyl community. There likely won’t be anything “shocking” in this piece to those who have had to deal with Materia Collective’s customer support and anti-consumer policies. However, considering the growing list of community members (including myself) who have been treated poorly by MC. I felt the need to take the time to write this with the hope that it will pressure Materia Collective to put an end to these extremely anti-consumer policies. I am writing this on a throwaway account partially because I value privacy myself and partially to protect the privacy of people who were interviewed while writing this piece. Just know that I am an active member in the VGM Vinyl community. I know I would get banned from purchasing from MC if my name was connected to this article. While I currently have no plans to order from them again, I also don’t really want to burn the bridge just yet. Sources will be assigned the name “Anon” with a number. There will be input from members on VGMVinyl, Video Game Vinyl Collectors (Facebook group), and the VGMvinyl Discord.
No cancellation/refund policy, is it legal? Yes, and no:
Materia Collective holds a no cancellation/refund policy for any reason. According to MC’s website via the “Policies” tab: “All sales of all products and pre-orders are final, non-cancellable, non-returnable, and non-refundable” (bolded and highlighted). Unfortunately, this policy is technically legal in the USA. Although it should be noted that it would be illegal if MC were operating out of the EU.
One source who asked to remain anonymous, that I will call “Anon1”, shared with me that he accidentally ordered two of the same Vinyl. They immediately submitted a ticket on August 28th asking to correct the issue but have not heard anything back at the time of posting this. Anon1 noted that the vinyl ordered was listed in stock and not a pre-order. There has apparently been zero communication in the form of customer service response, shipping notifications, or updates since. There does not seem to be much hope for this situation to be corrected at this point. The real question is, would it be corrected even if Anon1 received a response? I can only speculate, but I am highly skeptical since I have not heard of a single person receiving a refund for any reason without first threatening a charge back. And well, policy says they will not...
Enter “Anon2”, who brought the potentially illegal side of MC’s no cancellation policy to my attention. This dispute happened in a public channel on the VGMvinyl Discord group, but the source still asked to remain unnamed, so I will respect that. Some context first though… According to Anon2, MC customer service had offered to split an order that had both pre-order and in stock items so that the in-stock items would arrive faster, MC also offered to cover the shipping. Anon2 did not originally realize that the pre-order would hold up the entire order and said that they thought it was a very kind gesture and gladly accepted. However, a month passed without a shipping notification, then another month. Anon2 was curious on what was going on, so they emailed MC customer service, no response for a week. Sent another, no response for an additional 2 weeks. At this point, Anon2 stated that frustration was building from a months old broken promise and now emails were being completely ignored for nearly a month. According to Anon2, the last straw was when they saw the pre-order items they had ordered over 3 months ago (that had now been delayed an additional 3 months on top), go on sale for ~40% off in the now infamous “moving sale” on August 28th, 2020 (more on the sale later). Anon2 then sent an email asking for either a cancellation with full refund, or to be given a refund in the amount of the difference of the pre-order sale price (which was around $40.00, according to Anon2). Included in this email was an ultimatum that if neither of these options were honored, Anon2 would issue a credit card chargeback immediately. Worried that it would go without a response again, they directly messaged Sebastian Wolff, CEO of Materia Collective, on Facebook in order to get a response to their numerous unanswered emails. They then received a response from Sebastian a few hours later stating, “We aren't able to refund differences between sold items and discounted, and refunds/cancellations aren't possible as per our policies.” Anon2 then issued a charge back as promised and took to the VGMvinyl discord to vent his frustration.
Okay, but how is it illegal? Well, Anon2 had a hunch that there had to be some sort of consumer protection on items ordered that had been delayed past the advertised release date. Otherwise what would prevent a company from indefinitely holding a customer’s money? Anon2 said, “I started digging, and within about 20 minutes I found myself on the FTC (Federal Trade Commission) website on a page called “Billed for Merchandise You Never Received” and there it was, pretty much exactly what I was looking for.” Anon2 provided me with a link to said FTC web page for reference (https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/articles/0221-billed-merchandise-you-never-received). I highly recommend you take the time to read this page. However, the takeaway points from this webpage are, “By law, a seller should ship your order within the time stated in its ads or over the phone. If the seller doesn’t promise a time, you can expect it to ship your order within 30 days… …If the seller is unable to ship within the promised time, it must notify you, give a revised shipping date and give you the chance to cancel for a full refund or accept the new shipping date.” Some discussion broke out between Anon2 + other Discord members and Sebastian Wolff on this subject. Sebastian reinforced his stance by responding with “If you want to give us another 5 days to respond, that might be optimal. Support inbox is at about 800 tickets, the sale got us over 3000 orders, and Materia is a tiny team struggling to make due in the pandemic. We crossed a line a you're pissed? Fine, we can make exceptions, but email that concern our way. That gets you refunds or partial refunds or priority mail upgrades. Starting a firestorm here, credit card chargebacks, FTC complaints, and sending lawyers our way? I mean. You do you, if that's what you think will help you feel better and resolve things.” Unbeknownst to Sebastian that he had already denied Anon2’s request of a partial refund or cancellation only hours ago. A request that was apparently fully backed by FTC law (Items in both orders had not been shipped by the advertised date). Anon2 reported that he did get a full refund by the end of the day but noted that it was only under threat of an FTC complaint, an in-progress charge back, and multiple direct messages to Sebastian just to get a response. Typically, the consequences of taking these actions will almost always result in a ban from making future purchases. While Anon2 states that he was never told he was banned from purchasing from MC again, he believes he is and will not purchase directly from MC again unless these policies are changed.
The takeaway here is that if your order is delayed beyond the advertised date (or over 30 days if not stated), the seller MUST notify you and MUST offer a full cancellation and refund by FTC law. Why have you never needed to know this info? Probably because it is so rare for a company to deny cancellations, due to the extremely anti-consumer implications. There are many other sources I could quote and experiences I could share, but I think they would be redundant at this point. Suffice to say this is not just a small handful of people whose view of MC has soured.
Post-sale note: Materia Collective now requires you to check a box saying “I have read and agreed with Materia Store’s terms and conditions” in order to checkout with your order. I can only speculate that this was done for “legal reasons”, but I am doubtful that this checkbox voids FTC law on delays. I am not a lawyer and none of my sources claim to be lawyers.
Pre-ordering from Materia Collective:
Materia Collective discounts their pre-orders. Many peoples’ first exposure to this was the August 28th, 2020 “moving sale”, but it has been a MC practice for long before that. Though I should note that this sale was by far the biggest amount a pre-order has gone on sale for (~40%).
Simply put, there is almost no incentive to pre-order any MC release. I say “almost” because sometimes there are limited editions that people might prefer, and a pre-order is a guaranteed way to secure your FOMO buy. Open edition pre-orders are just potential money wasted as you sit there and watch the price drop over the weeks/months for an item that MC does not even have in hand yet. Early support is clearly not valued in MC’s business model.
The “moving sale”:
I barely know where to start with this… So, I will start with the positive. The sale was huge, and the price drops were generous (~40-75%), people definitely took interest. Sebastian stated that they took in 3,000 orders. I don’t think there is much of a surprise there, considering you could pick up an album for $7.00 (sans shipping).
Now on to the negatives, I’m going to try to speed run this.
• ~40% off was placed on most pre-order items, essentially slapping early supporters in the face. Remember, these have nothing to do with moving and clearing stock, MC did not (still does not) have them in hand. I just feel the need to state Hollow Knight Piano Collection originally went up for pre-order almost 1 year ago (Nov. 2019). Remember, no cancellations allowed.
• Some items listed as “in stock” were actually back-orders (MANY reports of this). Multiple sources told me they still have not received a shipping notification OR a response to their multiple emails in over a month+. Back-orders obviously have nothing to do with a moving sale, as they are also not in hand. These back-orders are not expected to ship until November, 2020 at the earliest.
• Sebastian stated that Covid-19 has affected their staff and they are running a skeleton crew, “Materia is a tiny team struggling to make due in the pandemic”. This makes zero sense, why would you put your entire catalogue on massive sale and advertise it multiple times when you can’t even keep up with orders or customer service before the sale (see anon2’s story)? MC chose to do this sale while they were massively understaffed and un-prepared to meet buyer expectations.
• International shipping. I am reluctant to add this, as I do not know the details of this. Only that Sebastian has stated that it was the best rate they could get. I cannot confirm or deny that. I just know that $40-$50 shipping for a 1xLP was quite a sideswipe for many international buyers. I do know that I recently sent a 2xLP overseas and it cost me closer to $25.00, and that is without any kind of potential contract or deal with shipping. Do with that info what you will, shipping prices do fluctuate.
Conclusion:
Understaffed, customer service non-existent, taking a huge amount of orders on products that are not in hand (and in a shady way), doubling down on a no cancellation policy, and no positive changes made after a huge backlash… I’m forced to wonder if MC has come under serious financial hardship and this sale was a last-ditch effort to stay afloat. I have zero proof of this and was not able to get any info from any source concerning MC’s financial state. I do know that VGMV is only a part of MC, they are also involved in licensing representation for various artists in the scene (like Toby Fox of Undertale fame). However, all of this is so strange from a business perspective that I don’t know what other conclusion to come to.
I wrote this as a warning for the VGMV community and to tell you about your right to cancellation if you ordered an item that has missed it’s advertised delivery date. Times are tough right now for so many of us, and things come up… To have money tied up for months with no product delivered and no hope of a refund without taking extreme action is just not okay.
Sebastian, I know you will read this. I don’t know what is going on with your company, but you are actively alienating this niche community. People talk a lot in this community, and the talk about Materia Collective has not been good for quite some time now. Please change this anti-consumer (and sometimes illegal) policy and treat your customers with some decency.
NOTE: Please do not threaten or harass any Materia Collective employees. I had planned to put this on reddit today and I wish I could say that I was surprised to see the current top post is also related to Materia Collective issues. Sadly, I am not...
submitted by Alex_Blake_VGMV to VGMvinyl [link] [comments]


2020.10.06 22:49 PowerWindows85 Bored? Looking for something to do? Start with this list of things to do in the Sacramento area.

(Credit for the below list has to be given to u/BurritoFueled, who created the original list in 2014 and updated it a year later. Almost two-thirds of the items below are still from that original list. All I’ve done with the list is revive it a little bit by updating dead links and making little tweaks when necessary. Also, thanks to those that submitted new additions to the list last week. Over a third of the below items are new and a lot of the original items have had newer information added onto them.)
People are always looking for something to do around here. Maybe you’re a transplant, unaware of what this area has to offer, or maybe you’re a lifelong resident, tired of the same old thing. Well friend, if you fall into the latter category, do not despair. There’s actually plenty of things to do in the Sacramento area – things of interest to almost any lifestyle, personality, or budget.
So, whether you’re an athlete, geek, eccentric, hipster, weirdo, sexual deviant or just a normal person looking for a new activity, below is a list of activities for you to try. Please note that it includes only activities that take place at least a few times a year – no one-off events or festivals here.
Enjoy this list. If you have any suggestions of your own to add, comment below in this thread. I'll try to keep this as up to date as possible.
Away we go.
UPDATED 10-6-20
(Note: Due to the current pandemic, some of these activities may be curtailed or not offered at all.)
submitted by PowerWindows85 to Sacramento [link] [comments]


2020.10.06 20:42 mr_tyler_durden Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update October 6, 2020

Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update October 6, 2020
Notes by mr_tyler_durden and Daily Update Team
Register for your Absentee Ballot here!
Note: Thank you to the people who have given awards to these posts but I do want to say: Please don’t spend money to give these posts an award or if you want to give then donate it here instead. These people need your help more than I need awards. I guess if you are just spending reddit coins that you already have then that’s fine but don’t spend new money, donate it instead. Thank you all!
Watch here:
Headlines
Full Notes
(continued in stickied comment)
submitted by mr_tyler_durden to Coronavirus_KY [link] [comments]


2020.10.02 16:19 parth770 Do You Know the Results of Your Advertising.

Summary
Because your budget is limited, you, as the owner-manager of a small retail or service firm, must see that your advertising does the job you want it to. Measuring the results on a continuing basis can help you see that your ads keep your business's name before the public and play a role in increasing sales.
Planning is important. Before you can evaluate results, you must decide what purpose your ads should accomplish. This publication gives pointers on planning ads and discusses several ways you can compare advertising and sales and marketing agency in mumbai .
Advertising is necessary today. Whether you have a small business or a large one, you must tell people who you are, what you sell, and where you are. You must tell them when they wish to hear or read about it. So you must place ads in newspaper, on radio, television and outdoor posters, or send out direct mail.
As a small business owner-manager, you know the money that you spend on advertising must return enough sales and profits in added business to justify the cost of the advertising. Small firms have neither enough time nor money to engage in complicated ad measurement methods. Even so, you can use certain rule-of-thumb devices to get a good idea about the results of your advertising.
What Results Do You Expect?
Essentially, measuring results means comparing sales with advertising. To do this, you have to start early in the process before you even make up the advertisement. The question is: What do you expect the advertising to do for your store?
Immediate response advertising is designed to cause the potential customer to buy a particular product from you within a short time (i.e. today, tomorrow, the weekend, or next week). An example of such decision-triggering ads is one that promotes regular price merchandise with immediate appeal. Other examples are ads that use price appeals in combination with clearance sale, special purchases, seasonal items, (for example, white sales, holiday sales, back to school sales, etc.) and "family of items" purchases.
Advertising results should be checked daily. Since most advertising has some carry-over effect, it is also a good idea to check advertising runs two weeks after, three weeks after, and so on, to ensure that no opportunity for using profit-making messages is lost.
Attitude advertising is the type you use to keep your store's name and merchandise before the public. Some people think of this type as "image building" advertising. With it, you remind people week after week about your regular merchandise or services or tell them about new or special services or policies. Such advertising should create in the minds of your customers the attitude you want them to have about your store, its merchandise, its services, and Society Activation Mumbai
Attitude (or image-building) advertising is harder to measure than immediate response advertising because you cannot always attribute a specific sale to it. Its sales are usually created long after the ad has appeared. However, you should keep in mind that there is a lead-time relationship in such advertising. For example, an ad or a series of ads that announces you have the exclusive franchise for a particular brand starts to pay off when you begin to get customers who want that brand only and ask no questions about competing brands.
In short, attitude advertising messages linger in the minds of those who have some contact with the ad. Sooner or later, people may act upon these messages when they decide to make a certain purchase.
Because the purpose of attitude advertising is spread out over an extended period of time, the measurement of results can be more leisurely. Some attitude advertising such as a series of ads about the brands that the store carries�can be measured at the end of one month from the appearance of the ads or at the end of a campaign.
Planning for Results
Whether you are trying to measure immediate response or attitude advertising, your success will depend on how well the ads have been planned. The trick is to work out points against which you can check after customers have seen or heard the advertisement.
Certain things are basic to planning advertisements whose results can be measured.

Another basic element in planning advertisements is to know exactly what you wish a particular ad to accomplish. In an immediate response ad, you want customers to come in and buy a certain item or items in the next several days. In attitude advertising, you decide what attitude you are trying to create and plan each individual ad to that end.
Plan the ad around one idea
Each ad should have a single message. If the message needs reinforcing with other ideas, keep them in the background. If you have several important things to say, use a different ad for each one and run the ads on succeeding days or weeks.
The pointers which follow are designed to help you plan ads so they will make your store stand out consistently when people read or hear about it.
Identify your store fully and clearly
Make sure your radio and television ads identify your sponsorship as fully and frequently as possible without interfering with the message. Logotypes and signatures in visual ads should be clean-lined, uncluttered, and prominently displayed. Give your address and telephone number. It's possible to use a musical or sound effect signature identified with your store to create a "logo" on radio too.
Pick illustrations that are similar in character
Graphics that is, drawings, photos, borders, and layouts that are similar in character help people recognize your advertising immediately.
Pick one audio format or typeface and stick to it
Using the same typeface or the same audio format for radio or television helps people to recognize your ads quickly. Using the same format or kind of type and illustrations also allows you to concentrate on the message when checking ad response changes.
Make copy easy to understand
Printed messages should be broken up with white space to allow the reader to see the lines quickly. Broadcast messages should be written conversationally. Remember, these messages are human beings talking to human beings.
Tell your listeners how what you are advertising will help them. Consumers buy benefits, not products.
Get the main message in the first sentence, if you can. Sentences should be short. Be Direct. Go straight to the point. Get the audiences' attention in the first five seconds of the radio or television commercial.
Try out your script on somebody else or read it into a tape recorder. When you play the tape back, you'll easily spot phrases that are hard to understand (or believe). Your ears are better than your eyes for judging broadcast ads and merchant onboarding agency in mumbai..
Use coupons for direct mail advertising response as often as possible
Coupons give an immediate sales check. Key the coupon in some manner so that you can measure the response easily. In your radio ads, you can have listeners create their own "coupons". One fast food chain asked listeners to hand draw a coupon and bring it in for a free hamburger.
Tests for Immediate Response Ads
In weighing the results of your immediate response advertisements the following devices should be helpful:
Coupons brought in
Usually these coupons represent sales of the product. Were enough leads obtained (from coupons that represent requests of additional information or contact with a salesperson) to pay for the ad? If the coupon is dated, you can determine the number of returns for the first, second, and third weeks.
Requests by phone or letter referring to the ad
A "hidden offer" can cause people to call or write. For example, in the middle of an ad include a statement that on request the product or additional information will be supplied. Results should be checked over a one-week through six-month or 12-month period because this type of ad may have considerable carry-over effect.
Testing ads
Prepare two ads (different in some way you would like to test or set for different stations or broadcast times) and run them on the same day. Identify the ads -- in the message or with a coded coupon so you can tell them apart. Ask customers to bring in the coupon or to use a special phrase. Run two broadcast ads at different times or on different stations on the same day with different "discount phrases." Ask a newspaper to give you a "split run"�that is to print ad "A" in part of its press run and ad "B" in the rest of the run. Count the responses to each ads.
Sales made of a particular item
If the ad is on a bargain or limited-time offer, you can consider that sales at the end of one week, two weeks, three weeks, and four weeks came from the ad. You may need to judge how many sales came from in-store display and personal selling.
Check Store Traffic
An important function of advertising is to build store traffic that results in purchases of items that are not advertised. Pilot studies show, for example, that many customers who are brought to the store by an ad for a blouse also bought a handbag. Some bought the bag in addition to the blouse, others instead of the blouse.
You may be able to use a local college or high school distributive education class to check store traffic. Class members could interview customers as they leave the store to determine which advertised items they bought, what other items they bought and what they shopped for but did not buy.
Testing Attitude Advertising.
When advertising is spread out over a selling season or several seasons, part of the measurement job is keeping records. Your aim is comparing records of ads and sales for extended time.
An easy way to set up a file is by marking the date of the run on tear sheets of newspaper ads (many radio stations now provide "radio tear sheets"), log reports of radio and television ads, and copies of direct mail ads. The file may be broken down into monthly, quarterly, or semi-annual blocks. By recording the sales of the advertised items on each ad or log, you can make comparisons.
In attitude (or image-building) advertising
The individual ads are building blocks, so to speak, which make up your advertising over a selling season. The problem is trying to measure each ad and the effects of all of the ads taken together.
One approach is making your comparisons on a weekly basis. If you run an ad, for example, each week, at the end of the first week after the ad appears or is broadcast, compare that week's sales with sales for the same week a year ago. At the end of the second week, compare your sales with those of the end of the first week as well as year-ago figures.
At the end of the third week, one month, three months, six months and 12 months from the running of the ad, repeat the process even though additional ads may have appeared or been aired in the meantime. For each of these ads, you will also make the same type of comparisons. You will, of course, be measuring the "momentum" of all of your ads as well as the results of a single ad.
After a time, you probably will be able to estimate how much of the results are due to the individual ad and how much to the momentum of all your advertising. You may then make changes in specific details of the ad to increase response.
When comparing sales increases over some preceding period, allowances must be made for situations that are not normal. For example, your experience may be that rain on the day an ad appears cuts its pulling power by 50%. Similarly, advertising response will be affected by the fact that your customers work in a factory that is out on strike.
Some of the techniques to use for keeping on top of and improving attitude advertising:
When your ads appear simultaneously in different media�such as the newspaper, on radio and television, in direct mail pieces, and as handbills�you should try to evaluate the relative effectiveness of each. You can check one printed medium against the other by using companion (the same or almost identical) ads in the newspaper, direct mail, and handbills at marketing agency in mumbai.
You can make the job of analysing and comparing results from among the media easier by varying your copy�the message. Your ad copy, thus, becomes the means of identifying your ad response.
You can check broadcast media�radio and television�by slanting your message. Suppose, for example, that you advertise an item at 20% reduction. Your radio or television ad might say something like this: "Come in and tell us you want this product at 20% off."
You can compare these responses with results from your "20% off" newspaper ad. Require the customer to bring in the newspaper ad�or a coupon from it.
Some of the ways to vary the copy are: a combination of the brand name with a word or some words indicating the product type; tone of voice; speed of delivery; picture variations; size variations; and colour variations. Check your printed ads against each other as well as against your radio and television ads.
Be careful that the copy variation is not so great that a different impression is received from each medium. Here you would, in effect, have two different ads.
Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of Advertising
Even one ad, commercial or highway poster can result in sales for one product and attention for your business. You should remember, however, that a series of related ads results in sales over a longer period of time than the campaign lasts. Your business name will become very much better known. Your expenditures for advertising therefore, should be scheduled over a period of three, six and 12 months. Avoid deciding to advertise this week and putting off the decision about when you will next advertise.
Where to Get Help
Most newspaper offices have at least one person who can help you plan the overall layout, design of your ad, provide illustrations for your ad, and make suggestions about the copy that will be contained in the ad. Radio stations will often help write copy and provide a music background for the commercial. Television stations may produce your commercial, usually for a fee. Outdoor ad agencies may paint or design a poster or bulletin for you, again at a price. Specialty advertising firms may recommend gift items, some at very low costs.
Many small towns, as well as all cities, have one or more ad agencies that are organized to create and place retail ads for small advertisers.
These agencies will probably charge you a specific fee, as local media may not pay an ad agency fee.
If a college, university, or other school is near you, you might find that students will be happy to create your ads and even plan your campaign.
Government Regulations
Advertising is closely regulated by the Federal, Provincial and local governments. You should make it a practice to search for news items about such regulations that apply to your business.
About Us.
We are a local marketing and sales agency that help small/medium sized businesses and Start up. Established for over 10 years, our clients vary in size and cover a wide variety of business sectors. we see ourselves as active members of the local community helping local businesses by providing a variety of field marketing, btl marketing , door to door marketing, brand promotion, social media marketing, telemarketing, web and printed based marketing materials.
Contact Us.
Get in touch with us, we would love to discuss your marketing needs.
We love a good coffee and a challenge, so would be happy to meet up with you face to face.
submitted by parth770 to u/parth770 [link] [comments]


2020.10.02 14:39 DukeOblivioner Game Universe Concept

Concept made by: Golikov Danila Vital’yevich (Duke Oblivioner), for: (Hely)
History of the game universe (canonic)
01.11.2001 – the year of creation of the party “United Russia”;
17.08.2045 – beginning of development of the project “Pangaea”;
The project “Pangaea” is the world domination doctrine developed by the Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation.
The plan is to create a special mind-affecting radio wave that is going to be broadcasted on the whole planet. The wave is supposed to cause temporary numbness and amnesia. The Russian Federation’s government, important politicans and all military staff will use defensive devices that shield them from the effect. During the broadcast, nuclear rockets will be sent to eliminate all military bases of the world that contain any sort of mass elimination weapons if these can’t be neutralized. To those that can be neutralized, special operation forces will be sent to safely disarm and evacuate the paralyzed personnel. Military equipment that was collected due to disarmament of the world armies are to be transported to Russian Federation.
By the end of the broadcast, Russian army must control most of the world governments and puppetize them. The world is suppose to wake up to the world of the lost world war without any resistance given. Any resistance given to Russian Federation’s hegemony over the planet must be eliminated by immediate nuclear attack. The attack must be recorded and broadcasted to the world for anti-rebellion propaganda intentions.
21.09.2049 – completion of development of the project “Pangaea”;
12.04.2050 – launch of “RusLink” satellites to the Earth orbit;
29.12.2050 – activation of the project “Pangaea”;
30.12.2050 – completion of the project “Pangaea”, establishment of provisional governments around the world;
31.12.2050 – annexation of the nations of the world. President’s “Pangea New Year Speech”;
The speech text: “Citizens of the planet! The last year has been the decisive one. For millions of years humanity has been split apart by war, competition, indoctrination and brainwashing. The competition of views, languages, races, ethnic groups and etc. has always been the reason of bloodshed and suffering. It was clear for everyone that in order to reach prosperity, humanity must have joined forces. However, true unification is impossible via political negotiations of countries that seek power control. It was clear that some day, a super-power of the world could simply take control in its hands. It might be a wrong power, wrong people, wrong ideology… But all of us are human beings. We all make mistakes. We are not perfect. Humans are imperfect creatures. Fighting for perfection is the holy duty of each and one of us. And yesterday we have taken the step towards fixing one of humanity’s greatest mistakes – separation. We’ve finally managed to put an end to all wars. The ancient utopian dream of war for the end of all wars has finally come true and it was executed in the least harmful way. We are very sorry for this… Shameful, unforgivable betrayal. For this inhumane, cheating, immoral way of solving this greatest humanity’s problem. For using weapons that must have been locked for a good part of eternity. However, the destination is worth the path. The greatest mistake of reality is now fixed. And we are very sorry for this. Each one of us in the government of the Russian Federation. Each of our citizens and soldiers. I personally am sorry. To each of you. Yet the disgusting mistake of humanity is fixed and now we all are united. It’s the end of every world’s country and by this – I literally mean every. Russian Federation will not exist anymore as well. We proclaim the creation of the “New Pangaea”! Tomorrow each of you will wake up in the new, united world. World without border fees, world without limitations, world where you can travel from one point to the other without making a visa, world where you are viewed equally in every location. World where your ethnos doesn’t matter, world where your religion doesn’t matter, world where your gender doesn’t matter. Tomorrow you will wake up as New Pangaeans. We understand that you might disagree with the changes of the world. We accept it. However, for the greater good of the new united world, every resistance must be eradicated. Countries of the world are disarmed, all mass destruction weapons now belong to us. We will not hesitate to use them on populations of nations that disobey integration. Please remember – we will drop nuclear bombs on rebelling cities, villages, ships – anything. We have the world’s nuclear arsenal and if you don’t fear death – ask yourself if people around you want to die. Please, we call you to comply. We call you to be humane and spare lives of those who are around you. Lives of your loved ones. Join us voluntarily. We will build the new better world together. Happy new year. Happy new era. Happy New Pangaea!”
01.01.2051 – creation of the new calendar, declaration of New Pangaea;
The new Calendar is called “Since Creation of the United Russia Party” (SURP, “Since United Russia Party”). However, monthes start not in December, but in January. Hence, Ceration of the New Pangaea is considered to be the year 50 SURP.
ATTENTION! From now on – all dates will be written in SURP standard!
04.01.50 – rebellion in former North Korea, Mexico, Central African Republic, Libya, Iraq and Jerusalem. Elimination of all of the capital cities of the countries. The day is marked as “the last day of humanity’s grief” (as no more rebellions ever followed);
01.09.50 – beginning of linguistic, economic, military and cultural integration project;
15.02.61 – declaration of Russian language as the official language;
17.01.72 – creation and activation of the project “New Focus”;
“New Focus” project is dedicated to pause of technological project. Military technology goes back to the years -66 (1935) to 9 (2010). Medical researches stop, innovations end. The formation of Промзон (Промышленные зоны, Industrial Zones) begins.
Industrial Zones – areas of production with infrastructure and economy focused on resource gathering, procession and construction/production of things out of them. All utilities, education and medical centers and etc. are supported only within the Industrial Zones.
10.05.73 – creation of the Первая Промзона (First Industrial Zone);
30.04.82 – creation of Вторая – Десятая Промзоны (Second to Tenth Industrial Zones);
Industrial Zones are hive type cities that are focused on specific productions. Cities are built in radial symmetry around such a thing as "Индустриальное Ядро" (“Industrial Core”). Industrial Core is a system of factories of the same production that together do the full cycle of production (excavation of resources, their transformation into useful materials and final production). Around the Industrial Core, lies the "Первый Слой Логистического Кольца" (“The First Layer of the Logistics Ring”, or the FLLR). Its purpose is storage or resources and distribute them to all parts of the Industrial Core, ensuring efficient and non-interrupted production cycle. Beyond it lies "Второй Слой Логистического Кольца" (“The Second Layer of the Logistic Ring”, or the SLLR). Territory under its control looks like a ring with countless highways that come out of it and join with the main Federal roads and highways. They connect the hive city with outside world and insures distribution of goods from outside to all dwellers of the city and also is responsible for sending the final products of the city’s production city to outside. The SLLR splits the city into sectors. Each sector can be planned differently, but each must include a heating station for the sector’ individual central heating system, at least 1 medical punct, 2 schools, 4 kindergartens, 10 small shops for groceries, 1 building for sector’s administration, 1 park and 1 recreation or entertainment facility. Such a sector is called "Жилой Сектор" (“Inhabitable Sector”). Each Industrial Zone must also have at least 1 "Социальный Сектор" (“Social Sector”) which must consist of at least 1 university, 2 professional schools, at least 3 hypermarkets and at least 1 transport station with a focus on a specific transport type (for example, bus station, tram station or a train station) that provides inhabitants with public transportation around the city and ability to move out to the other cities.
11.05.82 – declaration of beginning of the Planetary Industrial Network project;
Планетарная Индустриальная Сеть (The Planetary Industrial Network, or the P.I.N.) is a system of Industrial Zones that are connected with one another and create a fully functional of hive-cities that are focused on specific productions and all-together form a self-sufficient system that allows to fully fulfil economical needs of each hive-city-member of the P.I.N. The P.I.N. project is focused on focusing all available resources and efforts on creation of network of Industrial Zones. Support of existing villages and towns that have less than 50 000 inhabitants is cut off for possibility to fully focus on construction of the Industrial Zones. Inhabitants of such places and also jobless people are forcefully moved to temporary shelters and are used as workforce for construction of the Industrial Zones, and consequently, become first dwellers and workers in the Industrial Zones.
25.10.95 – completion of the P.I.N. project;
01.11.95 – the Great Migration Directive;
The Great Migration Directive means that all people that live in cities that aren’t part of the Industrial Zones are moved out of their places into the Industrial Zones. All funding and all governmental support of inhabited areas that aren’t part of the P.I.N. are ceased of funding, governmental works and services are shut down and moved to the P.I.N.’s Industrial Zones, those who manage to hide during the Great Migration Directive are left for themselves, however, can apply to any sector administration of any Industrial Zone for integration into the P.I.N.
  1. 01.98 – beginning of Сверхзвуковая Железная Дорога (Supersonic Railway) project;
Supersonic Railway project is the idea of creation a network of a network of magnetic railways between Industrial Zones for providing extremely quick and efficient transportation and delivery of resources and products.
15.07.98 – completion of Supersonic Railway project;
17.07.98-14.08.98 – research of Space-Launcher Technology;
Space Launcher Technology is a technology used for space travel. It’s based on the idea of creating long magnetic railway guns that can gradually increase speed of an object to the extend when the speed of the transport exceeds sonic barrier in a short time and allows the spacecraft to travel in space in high velocity and also land on the railways of another long magnetic railway gun and gradually slow its speed down to zero after being captured by the magnetic field, completing the route of the spacecraft.
15.08.98-06.11.98 – creation of the project “Космопоезд” (“Space Train”);
Space Train project is a system of transportation in Space. The idea works this way: a huge tower on the Earth is constructed and launches a spacecraft up to an orbital station "Магнитный Ускоритель" (Magnetic Accelerator) and launches it to another Magnetic Accelerator out in space which can either continue the travel of the spacecraft, or send it down to the colony that’s located on the area below it. Spacecrafts themselves have a system of pneumatic engines for correction of course while travelling in space in order to avoid a disaster. The planet Earth and future colonies will have a building called "Супер-Небоскрёб" (Super-Skyscraper), these huge transport stations launch spacecrafts to the Magnetic Accelerators which target the transport and launch it into space, allowing it continue its travel to the place of destination.
10.11.98-01.01.150 – creation of the Earth’s Super-Skyscraper "Колыбель" (“Cradle”) and its Magnetic Accelerator on the orbit;
The Super-Skyscraper “Колыбель” is named this way because it gives the beginning to the space colonization era for the New Pangaea. This huge magnetic transport station-launcher is truly colossal, epic in size and sight and serves humanity as a sign of its unity and might. The station almost goes into stratosphere and it resulted to formation of a great crater around it that stretches to kilometers in radius (all local resources were used for formation of the tower). The tower stretches right into the stratosphere and is called by many as "Вавилонская Башня Единства" (“Babylon Tower of Unity”). It’s a Super-Skyscraper of "Доминатор" ("Dominator") class and is used for launching spacecrafts into space from plants that have gravity similar to the Earth’s.
01.05.150-19.07.150 – creation of the Magnetic Accelerator on the moon’s orbit;
20.07.150-01.03.152 – creation of the first Earth’s colony on the moon and construction of the Super-Skyscraper "Лунный" (“Lunar”);
Super-Skyscraper “Lunar” is a magnetic launcher of "Прораб" (“Foreman”) class. They are usually of a size of a normal skyscraper as they don’t need colossal power to operate and colossal distance to launch a spacecraft to the orbit to be re-directed by the Magnetic Accelerator for the further travel.
All colonies constructed by New Pangaea are made as Industrial Zones. They form analogs of P.I.N. on the surface of the space body (if it’s possible). Such networks of Industrial Zones are called "Колониальная Индустриальная Сеть" (“Colonial Industrial Network”).
Earth and its colonies form the chain of united worlds that are called "Космическая Цепь" (“Space Chain”).
05.03.152-02.12.170 – creation of the Magnetic Accelerator on Mar’s orbit;
01.03.171-10.07.261 – creation of Mars colony and Super-Skyscraper of Domintor class "Близнец" (“Twin”);
12.07.262-13.02.344 – creation of Magnetic Accelerators and colonies around the asteroid belt. Super-skyscrapers that were formed are all of Foreman class and are named as: "Вдохновитель" (“Inspirator”), "Кормилец Цепи" (“Feeder of the Chain”), "Дружественный" (“Friendly”), "Надёжный" (“Reliable”), "Верный" (“Loyal”), "Заботливый" (“Caring”), "Тёмный" (“Dark”), and on the farthest parts of the belt – "Внешний" (“Outter”) and “Переходный" (“Transitional”);
25.05.345-01.07.398 – naming Colonies after the Super-Skyscrapers; Creation of Space Accelerators and Space Colonies on Jupiter’s moons with most important one: "Европа" (“Europa”, because formed on the Europa moon);
10.08.398-01.01.478– colonization of Saturn’s moon with most important colony "Титан" (“Titan” because on the Titan moon);
01.01.479-01.01.534 – Colonization of Venus, creation of Super-Skyscraper of Dominator class "Преображение" (“Improvement”) on the planet’s surface;
Years 535 to 600 – years of stagnation. During these years of absolute control of governments over population, the authorities started to slowly deprive people of more and more, until people got to the stage of extreme poverty combined with absolute economical dependence on the government in order to sustain living, while non-confronted oligarchy increased own wealth to levels not known to humanity before. Military technological improvement became unnecessary, humanity adopted old technology. Main weapons of New Pangaean army have become: PP 2000 9mm – in role of multi-purpose operative pistol-submachinegun, PPSh-41 – in the role of regular submachinegun, AEK-999 – in the role of a regular machinegun, and the 7,62 mm Dragunov sniper rifle SVD – in the role of a regular sniper rifle. All cities and places that were outside of Industrial Zones ceased to existence, except for minor tribes of remaining survivors that were forming raider and settler clans with primitive economy, agriculture and society.
15.02.601 – the pandemics on the moons of Saturn and Jupiter, also in the colonies “Outter”, “Dark” and “Caring”. It resulted into separation of the colonies from the Space Chain for the period of 70 years;
02.04.602 – remaining survivors on the infected colonies form a new democratic government with the centers in “Europa” and “Titan”, calling the new nation as "Две Луны" (“Two Moon”); Developing of a multi-purpose rifle by the Two Moons, suitable for space raids operations;
14.06.603 – first military conflict between New Pangaea and Two Moons on the colony “Loyal” that resulted to the colony falling under Two Moon’s control;
31.12.605 – separation of Venus and Mars colonies from the Space Chain;
Venus forms a raider nation and a new space-station that can fly in space and launch spacecrafts to any space body it desires. Venus society turns into 2 raider classes, Settlers and Pirates. Both classes function with ranking clan systems. Top clans of both form a nation called "Венерианская Конфедерация" (“The Venus Confederation”) and plan their policy together.
Mars forms a religious cult that believes that Humanity origins are on the red planet and believe that mankind must be purged and associated with Marsian government. Mars’s militarized cult signs the "Священный Пакт Сотрудничества" (Holy Cooperation Pact) with Venus Confederation and push back New Pangaea’s military attempts to re-take Mars.
New Pangaea seeks ways to subject named rebelling colonies and assimilate them back to the united mankind state. Currently New Pangaea has a treaty with Two Moons and has some temporary trade and tourism agreement. It’s possible that the 2 nations could form a military coalition against the Holy Cooperation Pact for the means of mutual militaristic defence against Venus and Marsian aggression.
The game is supposed to start in these conditions.
submitted by DukeOblivioner to Subsector086 [link] [comments]


2020.10.01 09:12 Throwawayacccounts Maybe someone might help if the right person knows my story

Maybe someone might help if the right person knows my story
Originally I wasn't going to get into detail on my story because I didn't think it was needed, people could use it to help find who I am, and I didn't think it was anyone's business. But after reflecting on the back and forward of a thread someone made, and the words in the back of my mind that maybe if the right person knew then others can be helped. Maybe my failure in life can make others have a better life.
I decided to give a deep dive into my story. Note, I will leave out exact details because I still don't want to be found. I've already had pro life groups message me on here telling me not to off myself. I am very sure they believe they would be doing good if they sent cops to my place so I can be put into a nut house. But the way I see it is as a real risk of taking away the 1 thing that can end my suffering.
So I would ask for people to share my story. Maybe the right person will hearead it. Maybe some government program or something will be made to help. Or at least, maybe assisted suicide will be legal to help end the suffering of people who are not terminally ill. I know nothing can happen if I don't share and I expect nothing to change even if I do. But there is a chance something might change for the better if I do.
Side note: Sorry for the typos. I wrote this in 1 sitting. Also note, none of my degrees were in English :P. So forgive the bad grammar and what not. Something to note because this is a mind dump. My writing towards the end gets worse. Sorry about that.

BTW I know my point will get lost in the mountain of text. But it shouldn't be ignored that 85% or higher autistics who graduate can't find a job. It is the single highest disability which can't get a job, bullied even as an adult, extremely high suicide rate, it's the lowest likely of getting any economic assistance or disability even with others having a higher likely of having a job, and there is no real government program to help other than locking us up. Society itself looks down on it, and makes excuses like "I think I have" or "I think the person I work with has". Some even go as far as saying "I'm", but it turns out they never been tested. You wouldn't say that about almost anything else. But due to that, people use that are a saying to say whatever numbers, whatever hardship, or anything else is fake.
_________
I'm currently 30 something years old. I have 4 degrees. An AS in aerospace, AS in IT, AS in networks, and BS in industrial. I went out of my way to learn how to fly a plane, how to code, statistical analyst, I have certs in lean manufacturing, I have certs in leadership, and so on. I've literally been in the news paper because NASA flown me out due to my rover designs, and I was train by NASA to work on rockets when I was doing my aerospace degree. (They flown me out to more than less tell me due to the hiring freeze that I won't be getting a job or be able to be an intern. That was in Obama and Biden's term BTW. But at least I got a free trip out of it and pictures.)
During my first degree (aerospace), the college I went to was near KSC. There was some agreement that NASA would train us, allow us out there, and in hopes we would get a job when we are done and go for a higher degree in aerospace. This is similar to how Boeing and other companies have programs to help train their future workers before coming on the floor. The problem with this is my final semester man space flight went away, and the idea of us working out there went into smoke. Then to make things worse, about a year or so after I gotten my degree they made the program into a BS due to how hard it was. I don't think it was an ABET, but still. I believe during this degree I was documented as autistic. It might of been my next degree.
During this time I worked a number of jobs from retail, helping at a vet, cleaning toilets/floors/animal waste, writing, and a few others. Many times I would work for $8 A WEEK. Sometimes I worked/helped with food being my payment.
After this, it was obvious things were getting worse so my parents and I moved a few states away since my parents gotten jobs there. Before heading out, I picked up a manufacturing job in the area we were moving to, and I thought thinks were starting to work out in my favor for once. I was wrong. The place I worked at treated everyone horribly. They were hiring, firing, and rehiring people because they had an agreement with the state if they hire x amount of people then they would get something like $250 million from the state. But the loophole was each person hired counted, but it never counted how many kept their job or was hired before. So there was a strong mentality of firing people over nothing or no reason. Many who stuck around were horrible people. Every day I dealt with workplace bullies from people about double my age at the time. Every day it gotten worse. Then to top it off, the boss tended to join in, and by the time I was fired for no reason I was about a week off from crashing my car into a tree at top speed to end it. I was just trying to figure out how to make it look like and accident so my parents would get my life insurance.
After I was fired, and after I couldn't find a job for a while. My mom took me to the local community college so I can try another degree. We figure IT might be worth me getting into since I was already good with computers. I actually had a good time in this degree because the director of the program was nice, and he tried to help people out to a point. About mid way the director asked why wasn't I going for my networking degree. Something it is just a handful of classes apart, and I can graduate with both. That turned out to be helpful since the networking degree was a 2x2 into my BS.
Anyways, during my time of doing this degree/s I had to only take 2 classes at a time since beyond that I was overloaded, and realistically I wouldn't been able to get the aerospace BS degree anyways since my grades from the AS was so low due to the load. I applied to some QA jobs while doing this degree since I was certified in doing some of that, and one laughed me out of the interview. IDK if they did that because I was 24 at the time, and they were close to 50. Or the fact that I'm autistic. Maybe a little of both. The guy did mention my age a few times. Anyways, all the questions I answered 100% right. I even wrote down the questions when I got to my car, and looked up everything to see if maybe that is why the guy was laughing.
I ran into situations like that once in a while. One job I did pick up I had to go through hurdles to just get it. Take a test to prove I'm not mentally retarded or anything like that. 2 hours on my first day the boss fired me because they mentioned to the plant manager the day before I was working on my IT degree on my off time. What is sad is my pay topped out at what I started due to all my certs and what not, and it was only $20k. And during my time there all I heard was everyone bad mouthing everyone who worked there due to the drug use in the area.
Also while I was working on that degree I learned how to code. Basically, I heard about the learn to code crap and since my school wasn't going to teach me I decided to pick up those skills on my own. I wanted to make some Android apps to see if they can take off. None of them did, and I figure maybe it was marketing or experience. So my parents drove me out to museums and other places so I can ask if I could code an application for them for free. One of them I 100% completed. It was for a historic burial ground. Basically, I went on a walking tour of it and notice how people were complaining about the paper map. So I scanned the map, and had it where when you touched the number the information of the person would come up. I was able to secure a meeting and my hopes was high with this. That quickly went away when it was clear the historical place was going to do nothing with what I provided and basically was lying to get me away. I offered it for free, and just asked them to place QR codes so people know where to download the application. Another place, I wanted to develop something similar with them I kept getting blown off. (In the next degree I had to use the library to take a proctor test, and I heard them talking shit behind my back. The same ass holes that wasted my time.) I even went on some trips with my dad when he had business trips. Similar things happened in those areas. Where I couldn't get a meeting, I kept getting lied to, or whatever instead of flat out rejected.
Now some might be wondering why was I giving this away for free. The thought behind this was I would be able to use this as resume material. That this is why I wasn't getting beyond the interview stage when I interviewed for coding jobs or why I wasn't getting a call back at all.
During this time I took a YouTube channel I had in the past that I used for basic game how-to videos like Eve Online, and I turned it into a tech how-to and educational channel. The thought behind this is I could show potential employers what I knew and hope it will help me get a job. This never took off, and even today it's about 12k subs, but only gets an average of 100 views per video. The topics I covered was a mix of cyber security, coding, windows, server, network engineering, and a number of other things. I even gotten into aerospace, stock market, and a few other things. Some of it I bull shitted to act like I had more going for me than I did. But this was when it was obvious people wanted to see some confidence in what you're saying. Still, I dislike how I did that.

By this time I figured nothing was going to work out for me, so I tried freelance work. I found I was really good in SEO work. But I quickly found it was impossible to get work due to the flood of bids that undercut mine simply because these others would lie and they came from 3rd world countries. I tried hiring some to figure out what is going on, and quickly found it wasn't going to work since there was no way to filter myself to the top vs these others. Where an average person hears 1 person says they can do a job for $300 but this other says for $9. Then lets go for $9. So I killed that off.
Between this point till the end of my degree I tried making apps a few more times, tried YouTube throughout, and I asked my school for help. They tried, but most places didn't want to pay. I found 99% of the problem is I am not good with people, and I needed a people person to help. Since I didn't have that, I was SOL.
Sometime during this degree I was told about the Navy doing games. Where they wanted subject matter experts in their field to help them figure out how to best do things in the future. So I said OK to this. Like it wasn't paid, and I figure it would be fun (I was wrong about it being fun). Anyways, we found AI against human, the human almost always loses. But human and AI working together takes out AI alone each time. Like AI against human, you have something like a 12% better results. Human + AI you have a 64% better results against AI. Those numbers might be not right and I'm saying them as an example only. But since then, every so often the USA Navy sends me text and email when super important stuff is going on (like what you should do in this virus) because their system has me marked as a contractor.
Anyways, towards the end of my degree I was invited to look around Cisco. While there the recruiter talked to a group of us, and he gave us their contact info and what not. I sent them multiple emails and even tried on Linkedin, but never heard anything back.
Somewhere within this degree I was also dealing with my sister coming in and out of my life. My sister when I was in 6th grade had to be taken away to my other parent because my sister keep forcing herself to get into drugs and bad people (my parents lived in 2 different states due to jobs, and it took several years before they got back in the same house). This time she was "escaping" some guy who was in human trafficking, smuggling, and so on. During her time with us she made it a living hell. She never really gotten away from drinking, drugs, and so on. Almost every day she constantly yelled, she told plenty of lies to my extended family which put my parents and I into question, and she even tried to trick me into killing our parents over and over. Eventually, my parents ended up kicking her out when she was at my grandmothers about 2 hours away. That was the last I seen of her until she had her kid.
Well this isn't 100% true. About a year or 2 within it, my parents asked all my family if they heard from her for them to contact us to let us know she was alive. They agreed, but we haven't heard anything. One day several months later I was doing maintenance on my computer and remembered I put a tracker on my sisters laptop with her permission. At the time I explained what it did, and that she can use it to track her computer if someone steals it. I logged in and found it still worked. I told the tracker to activate the webcam so it would take pictures, it would send me screenshots, and so on. We found out my sister was in contact with my grandmother, my mom's sisters, and most others. We found out she was living in CO, and figured out she was involved heavily into drugs. My dad, because he works in the federal gov he was told around that time my sister was stopped by the TSA a few times carrying slightly under the max allowed amount of $10k. In short, the DEA knew she was smuggling money, and the DEA knew about what was going on with them. Remember this!!! But shortly after I killed the tracker since we knew our family was not to be trusted, we knew she was alive, and at a given point it was driving us up the wall. We pretty much agreed to cut ties with everyone involved, but my mom decided to not.
I believe it was after all of this, but before I got done with my IT AS I joined the Freemasons. Long story short on that front is at the time I believed my life was getting better, that I was on the right track, and I wanted to be around a group to start calling them my friends. Plus I was getting more and more hungry to see if I can go into the political field. Note that I didn't directly join to go into politics. But I hoped that would be a bonus. What at first seemed as I was making friends, that quickly faded away. Most of the members were 2 or 3 times older than me. They were so out of touch to the current problems, and there wasn't much to keep me there. I did endowed because I seen the good work, and I wanted the group to keep doing things. But as I got busy with school, that mostly faded. And what kept me from going to another meeting in a good number of years is the fact that I have come more and more to the realization how fucked I am. Like when I went to most all the meetings and helped out, I still had a ton of hope and I was trying to go out to places asking if they needed an app. Also the other thing that somewhat shown I won't make friends there is the fact that the people I talked frequently with. I notice none of them even tried to contact me. (When I was in HS I noticed something similar with 99% of my family. I use to call them weekly since I was states away. But I noticed they never call me even on my birthday. So I just stopped interacting with them to see how long it will take for them to check up on me. They never did.) I will admit I do miss it to a point, and thought of going into the Scottish Rite before I stopped going. But IDK anymore due to how life is.
During this degree I was invited out to NASA's Stennis Space Center after NASA liked my rover design. I took the offer and the group I was with on our last day they mostly just told us there is no jobs available due to the hiring freeze. On the way back we met with my grandparents on my dad's side (the only ones who my sister didn't interact with because they are religious and they have so little money that she can't get anything from them). We met them to see where my granddad grown up at and to meet some family that I never seen or heard of before. A day or 2 later on the way back I notice my grandmom was a bit odd. When we got to my grandparents house, my aunt showed up with her husband. They were drunker than drunk. She blamed us for kidnapping my grandparents. In the past she blamed me saying I hacked my grandparents computer, and I had 11 groups looking into her computer. And she went out of her way to have it where my dad stopped paying for my grandparents cable and net (which they can't afford) and blamed us for spying. But this shocked me. That she was accusing us for kidnapping them. After that I figured out my sister had a hand in this with her lies.
After all of this, I ended doing a round about way of using my pell grant money to pay for their basic net, get them back on their service ($10 a month), their own paid subscription of Netflix, and shared subscription of YouTube TV. I mostly did this because other than my parents I consider them to be my only family.

Anyways, when I took my BS all my classes were 100% online. Unlike the CC where I went to class in person, I found while this being the only way I could've done it due to no funds. It was stupid since I couldn't network to hopefully get a job. During this time I kept trying to get into remote work, and I think in 1 month I applied to 10,000 jobs. And for the next 2 months I upped it by an extra thousand. Some gotten back to me, but most didn't. Some interviewed me, but most didn't. Many said remote, but weren't really. Like they wanted remote but you were mostly called in every day. I was applying to so many jobs that I had to apply in other countries.
I think it was during this degree or right before it my dad gotten a number of bee hives, and part of my duties went into that. I hate it because the obvious, and in order to sell the honey my parents are going through my mom's sister. The only good that came from the bees in my opinion is over the past few years my parents started looking into buying a farm. The idea was originally something that can mostly keep up itself with contracts. And it can be a safety net for anyone coming after. But between that thought and now, my parents said I can be a farm manager. I went out of my way to suggest this because as time went on, it became more and more and more obvious how screwed I really am. Anyways, it turns out even if you have the money and income to pay off loans of a given amount. Thanks to Obama and Biden, you legally can't get a loan for anything over 10 acres without it being some type of farm loan. This is unless if you're building a manufacturing plant on it or something like that. And then, you can't get a farm loan unless if you already run a farm.
How fucked up is that? You have the income to pay for a loan (in this case my parent's joint income they could), but because it's over 10 acres you have to have a farm loan. And legally you can't get one unless you already run a farm. You can see who I'm not voting for. Anyways, because we have bees they said they will make that classified as a farm, and then we can do business.
Somewhere mid way of my degree my parents found a 200 acre farm they liked. We went out there, and found it to be worth while. Long story short, the owner spent about a year to 2 years jerking us around. Not wanting us to get the farm evaluated which is required for a loan. And saying they wanted half a million, when the place at best was worth $350k. After my sister moved back in, the owner sold it to their family member for $250k. Since then we think we might of found a place or 2, but it's iffy. The entire point of the farm is multi-year crops. Something to keep the workload down, with low competition, but high payoff like lavender or grapes. All the work and what not to be contracted out, and a company deals with it.

Somewhere mid way of the degree I started getting into 3D printing, laser engraving, and stuff like that to see if I can make money. After several years I still haven't gotten enough to pay for the $1,000 3D printer setup. I only gotten 2 sells with my laser engraver, and that was by force. So that is dead.

Anyways, sometime last year my sister came back with her kids. She told my mom the guy she was with rape the kids, and she was fearful of her life (same guy from before). Before my mom got her, the guy kicked her out. My parents rented her a hotel so she didn't die from the cold (my sister says she was homeless during this time). It turned out she wasn't there most of the days, and it was expected that she was whoring herself not because she had to. But drugs and drinking. Eventually my mom gotten fed up and told my sister to get her kid's papers in order and get ready. My mom bought a ticket and the same day got there. She found out my sister didn't have their bags packed, didn't have their papers in order, and I guess forgotten about it. While getting the stuff ready, my sister told my mom she was afraid that the guy was going to kill her. After my sister gotten back we had a hurricane coming toward the area and we asked my grandmom (mom's side) to stay away. She didn't listen and brought a few people to see my sister and her kids who just came out of a crack house. My grandmom I caught her a number of times talking shit about my parents and I. When I went to show my sister where the security cameras are since my sister said the guy put cameras in the doorknob (had wires coming out of it) and shower head (and I guess was selling videos of her). My grandmom said some bullshit like they are just going to change the location of the cameras. After the 4th time of hearing bull shit, I ended up letting her have it. But still it never stopped. My grandmom saying I was a guest that would never leave. That I'm like trash that needs to go. During this time I heard my parents tell my grandmom the DEA and FBI knew about the guy in human trafficking, and how the guy is smuggling drugs. But the law enforcement literally said they were waiting for him to kill my sister before they moved in on him.
Anyways, after all that was said and done my sister 100% started up drinking in no time and the hell that went away when she was gone the last time came back. But this time I could 100% see something was off with the kids, I could see they weren't healthy, and Holocaust camp. I started working on the kids to get them better, and gotten them a good way with the help of my mom and dad. My sister has nothing to do with her kids during the holidays outside of photo moments, and my sister even broken her daughter's (1 year old at the time) leg and more than less walked away. During this entire time I dealt with her recording us, her sneaking off and leaving us with the kids, her constant yelling, and so on. Due to this we increased the amount of cameras from 4 of them on the outside and 2 on the inside to 8 on the outside and 12 on the inside of the house just to cover our ass. One of her tricks was to insult day after day and hour after hour my mom. Then get me PO so I would try to protect my mom. After which, my sister would 100% calm down like nothing happen, pull out her phone, and record it.
In the past I threaten my parents to show the cops the video of her because I have video of when the guy kidnapped the kids, and we had a swat team around his house. Around 12AM my sister was drunk, loud, and acting up on the deck. My dad went out there to tell her to stop. She thrown a water hose at my dad and it split his nose. She went inside and started slamming doors to the point a clock fallen off the wall, and then she started stomping on it. Like that isn't the worse of it. My parents said if I was to do that then I will be kicked out and the kids will go back to their dad. Later it was found that he raped the son on the trip, and at some point he was allowing people to fuck his son (4 at the time) for money. People being both male and female. (What allowed the guy to kidnap the kids btw was a judge in my state breaking the law. The judge never gotten ding for it. I don't remember his name, otherwise I would've given it here)

Anyways, to make a long story short on that side. Her and her kids are still living with us and it's a living hell many days. I honestly believe my sister is a sociopath. Like a legit one, and my parents agree she needs to be tested after the guy goes to jail. Also there is a number of times throughout this my grandmom and my mom's sister helped my sister break court orders and they knew it. I already declared when my dad's parents die, I won't be going in that area anymore. And if I do, it won't be to see any of my family. I can get deeper into that, but I think everyone has the point.
Towards the end of the degree I 100% gotten burned out. Normally I was taking 1 to 2 classes at a time, and even at that I had the hardest time with any classes that weren't tech classes. Like I had to beg one of my teachers to pass me, it was that bad. I believe I am still dealing with being burnt out.

Anyways, late last year I ended up walking the stage for my last degree. I've told my mom I don't want anyone to go other than my parents, and my dad's uncle (he stayed far outside of this crap with my sister, and he has been OK to me. Also I wanted him there since his kid died, and he didn't have the ability to see someone walk. Plus my grandparents on my dad's side refused. I'm guessing due to family drama that was caused by my sister.) Against my wishes my mom forced it where my sister, her kids, my grandmom that called me trash, and my mom's sisters showed up. I'm still piss.

Around this time I was getting desperate to find a job, so I started trying to use my contacts. The director of my last degree said he wanted to help, but couldn't help since I don't have work experience in IT. The people I let cheat off of me in return they would help me get a job, they ghosted me. My mom was using her contacts, but even after interviewing me no one wanted to hire me. Like one place I applied for a networking job, and they told my mom they weren't going to interview me since I didn't put anything about coding in the resume. My mom told them about how I coded, and during the interview they only asked me about database admin questions.
About this time I pivot my YouTube channel from tech how-to to gaming. I tried a little Star Citizen, but lately I've tried Flight Sim. Making how-to videos and what not. They get extremely low views, and I'm thinking that is going to tail off soon. IDK what to do on that front.

After the virus kicked up I started looking into my backup plan. Because I knew how to fly small planes, I figure I could go for an airline pilot spot or the military. It turns out both won't hire you if you're autistic. The airline thing requires knowing someone to start with, but they won't even look at you if you're autistic. My dad used his contacts to figure out what is going on with the military. He found out that you need a waver, but it's near impossible. And even then, you need to get a waver each time you get a new CO. And if a CO or anyone doesn't like you, they can easily use your autism to get you kicked out. The reason why there was policies to keep autistic people out is many have been bullied to the point that there has been permanent damage mentally and many times physically to the autistic person. And there is even investigations on this because it has gotten so bad.
After that, my hope went completely away. I tried the normal method, but obviously no one wants me. I tried starting my own company, but after so many tries that has never worked out. I even tried writing a book, painting, and things like that and I haven't sold a single one. Even advertised it as coming from an autistic painter in hopes it will bring a buyer.
When I was trying to figure it out I kept asking myself how does these people afford these $20k patents when most don't make any money. I ended up asking around and found out about product licensing. Currently I'm on my 3rd product I'm trying to license, and no one so far wants anything I have to offer. Some even call me back and spend half an hour on the phone with me. After which, I hear nothing. I figure it's similar to interviews. Where the person gets a vibe because I'm autistic, and that blows the entire thing.

I'm honestly at the point I just want to fucking retire. I want to have enough money where I don't have to worry about what happens if I get kicked out. That I see a $10 game, and I can buy it without worrying about things. Factorio has been a game I keep looking up videos almost daily for the past 4 months, and I hate how I'm worried about just that little amount of money.
The only things that is keeping me from offing myself this second is what kept me in the past. Stupid things like wanting to play a game (cyber punk), or that it will make my parents sad. I figure in 2022 if my life doesn't get better. I might end things. It would be nice to just find some nice women with a good job, create a family, and play the stay at home dad.
Getting a job is pretty much impossible for my disability. You might want to check out the unemployment rate for people with autism. Like it's predicted to be around 85% of people who HAVE a college degree but are also autistic are unemployed. In fact, there is a major gap between autistic people and other disabilities who have a degree or not. People with autism have some of the lowest paying jobs compared to others. I've seen studies talk about people who are autistic are 9 times more likely to off themselves. Being autistic I'm far far far more likely workplace bullying (and I have in most jobs I've been on. Even when I was cleaning toilets for $8 a week because that is all the work I was able to get). In the USA, if you're blind, you automatically get the full amount. If you have anxiety problems you have a high chance of getting the full amount ($750 a month btw). If you're autistic and only autistic, then you have near a 0% chance of getting a cent. Even blind people have a higher chance of getting a job than someone who is autistic. Even people with missing body parts have a higher chance. How fucked up is society that not only there is no disability. But there is no programs to help someone who is autistic to get and keep a job? Even more if they are educated like myself. And worse off, how fucked up is it that not only all this other stuff. But me wanting to end my life is viewed as shameful, taboo, and enough to be locked up in a mental hospital.

Like I would love to run for congress or governor. But I have no doubt in my mind me being autistic will stand in my way and be used against me. Similar how the dems had no shame of trying to use Trump's weight as one of the reasons he shouldn't be in. So I don't think I can fix the system directly. Again, please share this. Maybe the right people will see this and maybe at some point the system will get fixed. I just hope this won't be used against me, and that is why I ask for people to not try to figure out who I am. Like I know if this info gets out, and this is linked to my name. This will kill my chances of working in ANY good IT job since why would you trust someone that to some might seem unstable with quarter of a million dollar code/parts.

___________________________________

Side note:
  • Have I tried talking open about this?Yes I tried once on my YouTube channel to see if people would help. This never happened, and it damaged my channel. I didn't get deep into it and I deleted the video. I've also tried to talk with others about it, but I keep getting blown off.But for the most part, the problem isn't emotions. It's that I can't get a job, that the gov isn't going to help, and that I'm fucked due to variables out of my control.
  • What is the biggest problem?Society. Look it up right now on 85% of autistic... and in Q&A sites you will find people say some BS like that isn't true because they THINK they are autistic. When I was asking about the military, some were saying yes autistic can join. I THINK I'm autistic and I THINK some around me are. This mentality needs to go.Same with the how the spectrum is open now older people should've been on it. Guess what. I've been around researchers, engineers, and others like that. Hell, if it paid well I would try to get my PHD in astronomy, and I interacted with plenty of them over the years. I only met 1 autistic person that worked at NASA, and he was going out the door and he was from the Apollo age. Not a single other person I met even came close. So stop devaluing the problem. Keep in mind, that 85% is those who ARE counted. How many stopped looking for work or make $500 or so a year (which causes you to be labeled as having a job) and they aren't on that? I'm sure the real number goes up to 90% easily.
  • What do I hope comes from this?My hope is maybe through my shit life, it might somehow make the world better somehow. Like it would suck to have this much bad luck, this much I have to deal with. But at the same time have NOTHING good that comes from it. I hope for it to reach someone with the power to actually push for a fix to this 85% problem. A fix being in a way that
  1. Help in us getting a job or making a company (hell, if you're a female you get help. Why not us)
  2. 100% ability to get disability so we don't have to work. I think this is the best solution since realistically the other 2 requires a massive shift from society and this one is quicker and easier.
  3. And/or assisted suicide laws to be allowed for those who aren't terminally ill. I know I would take that option if aviable. Part of the reason why I don't off myself right now is fear of doing it wrong in a way that makes my life worse, and fear of the pain.

The following is evidence of some of my certs and degrees. I blacked out a lot of things so you can't track down the date, location of the school, my name, and a few other things. Again, I still don't want to be found. I am only sharing this because my word by itself means nothing. And I honestly haven't thought of how out of the norm what I done is. Keep in mind, I only did it to survive and I live with it every day.
And this is something everyone needs to keep in mind. I did what I did to survive. So I can have a chance of living a happy normal life. Some have called me a Renaissance Man. Some called me a savant. I don't view it that way. I did what I did to survive. I did what I did because I knew doing nothing won't get me anywhere, and I thought doing this will get me a chance of a normal life. I did what I did because other than doing nothing, it's the only other possible action I could think of to get me to a normal happy life.
NOTE: I have to scan my degrees. I didn't notice that wasn't done until I looked for them for evidence.
There is a lot I'm not including. Like a lot of IT certs that basically said I know x technology. I've gotten a load of them through my BS. There is also a lot of certs I know I don't have like my OSHA stuff I lost it a while back, NDT certs I have no idea where they are, and there is a number of others that past work places that required me to train but kept the certs so I had to retake it if I worked for anyone else (like driving forklifts, lean manufacturing, and a few others)
Evidence :

https://preview.redd.it/7wwpx24flfq51.png?width=1244&format=png&auto=webp&s=871ce87fc85f052d3b17e216c014563e422de99c
https://preview.redd.it/fin63b3dlfq51.png?width=1045&format=png&auto=webp&s=4944946b1b58aa09da3b10f4a57599888ac80c67
https://preview.redd.it/xp45x83dlfq51.png?width=1048&format=png&auto=webp&s=8ab8f60c5e8be4f342fa0f9f4cbbc360d4df2836
https://preview.redd.it/2o1e5c3dlfq51.png?width=1048&format=png&auto=webp&s=0092413eb516b57e717a5550101924c13932f4e7
https://preview.redd.it/rl556n0clfq51.png?width=1048&format=png&auto=webp&s=397b53e0006992f7f2a60b67b320b516dfcc7e80
https://preview.redd.it/9ty5o0malfq51.png?width=1045&format=png&auto=webp&s=c7454b003f4c9bb02dda978900bd71628b8e734f
https://preview.redd.it/9di0e557lfq51.png?width=704&format=png&auto=webp&s=78218099d51a36734d8e9eab6c84dc0ad9978d47
Freemason
submitted by Throwawayacccounts to NEET [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 22:40 TacticalKrakens After reaching my goal of $1250 a year in dividends, let me share with you a basic guide and some do's and donts of dividend investing I have learned along the way.

Straight to the point. I just reached my goal of $1250 a year in dividends, now shooting for $2k a year. I have just shy of $25k invested and have gone from YOLO'ing money into the market to making much more informed decisions. My next goal is to have $50k total invested in the next 5 years. Disclaimer: This is broad information I have learned on my journey through investing. I have tried to do my research but cannot guarantee everything below is 100% up to speed. You should always do your own research as well !
The portfolio: https://m1.finance/SueDRtc7ioXN
One thing to keep in mind here is that this is not strictily a dividend portfolio. It also contains elements geared toward growth. The idea being that somewhere down the line ill harvest the growth and dump it into more income generating assets when im older. The weighted percentage of the allocations as they are now is also simply a reflection of how I want auto-invest to spread out the money. The actual weight of the individual holdings is slightly different.
If you want a really well thought out portfolio that is strictly geared toward generating income with a low expense ratio, opportunities for appreciation and low volatility I highly recommend checking out this portfolio put together by rao-blackwell-ized on the M1 finance subreddit. https://m1.finance/HwnAhLIW6Mp6
You can read about the methodology behind his creation of this pie here which is a highly worthy post on its own.
Tax efficiency
You should start by maxing out an IRA or at the very least contributing to one. Dividends earned in traditional IRAs are not taxed when they are paid or reinvested, rather retirement account withdrawals are taxed at one's current income tax when they are withdrawn. Roth IRA funds grow tax-exempt, including the payment of dividends, and so these are not subject to taxation.
For me personally I just picked a target date fund in my IRA and let it ride. I wanted to pursue dividend investing in a taxable account so that I could use the dividends if I wanted to to supplement my current income. The perfect example being back in march when I was furloughed and it took forever to get on unemployment. My dividends bought groceries that month.
You have to ask yourself what YOU want and what your goals are for dividend investing. Now onto the meat and potatoes of the post !
Qualified vs Non qualified dividends
There are two types of ordinary dividends: qualified and nonqualified. The most significant difference between the two is that nonqualified dividends are taxed at ordinary income rates, while qualified dividends receive more favorable tax treatment by being taxed at capital gains rates.
What classifies a dividend as ‘qualified’ for tax purposes?
Ordinary dividends are the most common type of distribution from a corporation or a mutual fund - as they are paid out of earnings and profits. Examples of ordinary dividends that do not qualify for preferential tax treatment include:
I see alot of people investing heavily into REIT's because of their attractive yield. Thats well and fine if you know what you're buying but keep in mind REIT's are taxed at a higher rate than other dividends and some can carry volatility because of the assets they invest in (shopping malls, brick and mortar retail etc.) For this reason it is my opinion that REIT's should only be held in tax differed accounts like an IRA to maximize your tax efficiency. Bonds are a good alternative to REIT's. The yield might not be as high but they're much more stable.
Choosing stocks vs index funds
There are alot of great companies out there paying attractive yields but you shouldnt get caught up chasing the yield if the company itself is performing poorly. If the company does not have the fundamentals to support its dividend then you could be at risk of it lowering or disappearing all together down the line.
I would take a lower yield from a company with a track record for growth and increasing its dividend every time over a company with a high yield but is struggling to support itself. In a buy and hold type setting, you want to ensure that what you pick is set up for long term success.
The Dividend aristocrats are a good place to look for quality companies that have a history of increasing dividends.
This leads me to my point in choosing what to invest in. If you dont have the time or willingness to track individual stocks, then I highly recommend just going with a broad index fund approach. The yield may be lower but ETF's are inherently more resilient against downturns and market volatility since theyre a package deal of many individual holdings and can provide easy diversity in your portfolio. One thing to keep in mind though is overlap. If you invest in multiple index funds theres a good chance those ETF's may hold positions of the same stock. Thats fine if you're ok with increased exposure to that particular holding but it IS something to be aware of.
You can use the fund overlap tool at https://www.etfrc.com/index.php to see the overlap in your index funds.
Expense ratios
These fees — inherent in all mutual funds, index funds and exchange-traded funds — can significantly drag down your portfolio returns. And although they can’t be avoided completely if you invest in these funds, you can take steps to keep these costs as low as possible.
What is an expense ratio? An expense ratio is an annual fee expressed as a percentage of your investment — or, like the term implies, the ratio of your investment that goes toward the fund’s expenses. If you invest in a mutual fund with a 1% expense ratio, you’ll pay the fund $10 per year for every $1,000 invested. That money is swept out of your investment in the fund, meaning you won’t get a bill for the charge. That’s one reason why these fees are easy to miss. Looking for funds with low expense ratios is key to making sure your making the most efficient use of your money.
Bonds and Treasuries
This is an often overlooked area in dividend investing. While bonds pay interest as opposed to a dividend meaning theyre taxed at your normal income rate, they carry much more stability than REIT's. Treasuries and municipal bonds may also be exempt from federal or state taxes all together depending on a number of factors.
Bonds represent the debts of issuers, such as companies or governments. These debts are sliced up and sold to investors in smaller units - for instance, a $1 million debt issue may be allocated to one-thousand $1,000 bonds. In general, bonds are considered to be more conservative investments than stocks, and are more senior to stocks if an issuer declares bankruptcy. Bonds also typically pay regular interest payments to investors, and return the full principal loaned when the bond matures. As a result, bond prices vary inversely with interest rates, falling when rates go up and vice-versa.
The bond markets are a very liquid and active, but can take second seat to stocks for many retail or part time investors. It is often for professional investors, pension and hedge funds, and financial advisors, but that doesn't mean that part-time investors should steer clear of bonds. In fact, bonds play an increasingly important part in your portfolio as you age and, because of that, learning about them now makes good financial sense. In fact having a diversified portfolio of stocks and bonds is advisable for investors of all ages and risk tolerance.
Im comfortable with paying a higher tax rate on bonds because I know theyre stable and can provide a safe harbor to generate income while preserving capital against downturns and inflation.
In conclusion
Dividend investing can be a great way to pursue your financial goals. The thing you have to remember about investing in general is that regardless of your approach or strategy it is simply a financial vehicle to get you from point A to B. Understanding the fundamentals of dividend investing (your tax liability, what to invest in, your risk tolerance etc) are all important factors to figure out before you yeet your money into the ether of the market. There is an incredible amount of information to digest so give it time and dont get discouraged. This is a buy and hold approach with a long timeline !
submitted by TacticalKrakens to dividends [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 18:07 mccanntech Wi-Fi 101: Origins and History

Wi-Fi as we know it today is a series of standards, voted on by a worldwide engineering body, the IEEE. The IEEE is an open membership organization with more than 423,000 engineers in 160 countries. It took years of work and dozens of proposals to form the original Wi-Fi standard in 1997. It took even more effort over the last 23 years to get to where we are now.
The story of the invention of Wi-Fi depends on who you ask. There is a complicated history leading up to that original 1997 standard, and the truth is hard to decipher. I'm not capable of litigating who invented what, but there are some key players to know about. Where possible, I will point out the people and the organizations behind the technology.

Wired and Wireless Precursors: Say ALOHA to Wireless Networking

In 1968, researchers at the University of Hawaii began to investigate if radio waves could be used for communication between computers. The project was led by professor Norman Abramson, Dr. Franklin Kuo, and a team of faculty and students. It would go on to become known as ALOHAnet.
During this time, wired computer networking was in its infancy, and evolving rapidly. Packet switching was conceived of by Paul Baran in 1964, and first demonstrated by Donald Davies in August 1968. In October 1969, the first ARPANET link was established between UCLA and the Stanford. By June 1971, ALOHAnet was the world's first wireless packet switched data network.(1)
During the development of ALOHAnet, Abramson and his team had to solve many foundational issues with wireless networking, including collisions and failed transmissions. They decided that a random access protocol would be the best way to accomplish this. The ALOHA protocol allowed terminals to send data whenever they had it, and listen to their transmissions to make sure they were received, and acknowledged. If a transmission failed, terminals would resend after a random delay. This was simple and effective, but had problems scaling up to more users. The ALOHA protocol was improved and expanded, and was the inspiration for CSMA/CA.
ALOHAnet was a pioneering technological marvel, but it was experimental and not fit for commercial use. Most critically, unlicensed spectrum for computer communications was not available to the public yet. Since the University of Hawaii didn't have a way to sell the technology, it was put into the public domain. ALOHAnet was decommissioned in 1976, but it inspired others to continue what it started. Most notably, Robert "Bob" Metcalfe studied it for his PhD dissertation.
Through the 1970s, many wired local area network technologies were developed. Some were proprietary, and some were open standards. Most of this early work has gone on to become ANSI or IEEE standards, and formed the basis of the computer communication and the Internet. A standards-based approach wasn't destiny, and we all benefit from the pioneers who pushed for standards over proprietary solutions. All of this groundbreaking work on wired standards helped lay the foundation for wireless.

Key Dates In Wired Networking History

The Wright Brothers of Wi-Fi

By 1985, all the pieces were in place for the development of a universal wireless networking standard. These were the Wild West days of wireless networking. Dozens of companies were competing to be the first to produce a successful product. Many companies came and went, so I'm only going to focus on the biggest and most important ones.

NCR and WaveLAN

In the 1980s, NCR Corporation was a big international company selling computers, ATMs, and cash registers. They wanted to develop a way to have their cash registers work wirelessly. This would give them a competitive advantage, and allow retail stores to avoid the costs and logistics of running cabling to every register. At the same time, cash registers were becoming more computer-like, so NCR sought to develop an International wireless standard that any computer could use. Two of the key engineers assigned to this project were Cees Links and Vic Hayes. Through 1986 and 1987, Vic and the other engineers at NCR developed a product which became known as WaveLAN.
NCR introduced WaveLAN to the world in 1990.(2) While WaveLAN was intended for use in cash registers, it was also positioned as a wireless alternative to Ethernet and Token Ring for PCs. In the 1990s, wireless products were expensive, and hard to use. The early drivers were buggy, and documentation was hard to find. WaveLAN network adapters cost hundreds of dollars, and access points could cost thousands. The high cost and limited usability kept WaveLAN as a niche product, mainly found in the big businesses that could afford them.
WaveLAN operated at 900MHz or 2.4 GHz, and offered speeds of 1 to 2 Mbps. It competed with Aironet's ARLAN and others which offered similar speeds, frequency ranges and hardware. Several companies also marketed wireless bridges and routers based on WaveLAN technology. Wireless networking products became a mess of competing companies and different implementations. The need for an International standard was clear.
NCR wanted to have Vic Hayes make the technical proposals to the IEEE on the companies behalf. Vic disagreed, and fought to stay independent and not do any of the proposals on behalf of NCR. The company agreed, and this actually worked to their benefit. Since Vic wasn't pushing NCR's proprietary solution, he gained the trust of others. Vic ended up becoming the first chairman of the IEEE 802.11 working group, giving him the nickname “Father of Wi-Fi"

IEEE and the 802.11 working group

In 1988, Vic Hayes approached the IEEE to contribute to the 802.4L, an existing committee creating a wireless standard based on Token Ring. As it turned out, that committee had become inactive, and the chairman had quit. This let to Vic becoming the chairman of 802.4L, and the forming of a new working group, 802.11. Ethernet and WaveLAN technology formed part of the technical base of the 802.11 committee, which was officially started in 1990.
WaveLAN and the knowledge of Vic Hayes' group at NCR helped form the basis, but countless others contributed as well. Many other companies submitted proposals for various aspects of the standard, and the group compromised and voted on the best ideas along the way. Most of their documents are still publicly available. The 802.11 group continued to work throughout the 1990s to develop the standard, which was a long and complicated process. It took 7 years and input from countless engineers to form the first Wi-Fi standard, known as 802.11-1997.
The first Wi-Fi standard was in some ways a messy compromise. It allowed for transmissions over Infrared or 2.4 GHz radio waves. It also allowed for two different frequency selection methods, which prevented guaranteed compatibility. In the end, both Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS) and Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) were added to the standard. The group allowed these options as a way to please the entities involved in the creation, but it made the standard weak.
802.11-1997 never gained much traction. Despite that, the group got to work on its next set of standards, 802.11a and 802.11b, which were developed in parallel. The main difference between them was the frequencies and the modulation schemes they used.
802.11b hit the market first. Despite the slower speeds, people preferred the availability, lower cost, and longer range of the 2.4 GHz equipment. The success of 802.11b snowballed into the development of 802.11g, and made 2.4 GHz the defacto International wireless spectrum range for years to come.
In the late 1990s, Wi-Fi's success wasn't guaranteed. Early Wi-Fi devices were expensive, slow, and often incompatible with other devices. According to Vic Hayes, he approached many computers makers to persuade them to add Wi-Fi to their computers, but most of them said no. Steve Jobs and Apple wanted to add Wi-Fi to an upcoming laptop, but they wanted it to cost $100, not $500. They argued that the lower cost would make it more marketable to consumers.
Apple eventually got the $100 Wi-Fi card they wanted. The iBook and AirPort launched on July 21, 1999, a few months before the 802.11a and 802.11b standard were finalized. It was the first mainstream computer designed and sold with integrated wireless networking.

OFDM, CSIRO, and Dr. John O'Sullivan

This is where our story get murky. CSIRO is the Australian federal agency with a long history of scientific research. They have developed many advanced technologies, such as atomic absorption spectroscopy. According to CSIRO, Wi-Fi is an Australian invention. The truth isn't that simple, and it isn't that clear.
CSIRO's key insight came out of their work in radioastronomy. In 1977, CSIRO researcher Dr. John O'sullivan was searching for small exploding black holes. He wrote a paper about how fast Fourier transformations could be used to sharpen images from optical telescopes. As the waves traveled towards the telescope they became scrambled, and CSIRO developed a custom processor to use fast Fourier transformations to unscramble the image. While this technique didn't help him discover the black holes he was looking for, it helped to solve a different problem.
Starting in 1990, John O'Sullivan led a team of CSIRO scientists to develop a high-speed wireless network. Their goal was 100 Mbps, to compete with the best wired networks of the time. This caused them to look past the techniques used by ALOHAnet and WaveLAN, because they wouldn't be fast enough. One technical challenge they faced was how radio waves tend to bounce off surfaces indoors, causing an echo that distorts the signal. Using fast Fourier transformations, they found a way to transmit a signal while reducing that echo. Rather than using one fast wireless channel, they used lots of slower channels. This is known as multicarrier modulation.
Single-carrier modulation systems exploit only one signal frequency to transmit data. Multi-carrier modulation systems divide the whole frequency channel into subcarriers, and the data stream is divided into many low-rate streams transmitted in parallel. Single-carrier modulation has advantages, but multi-carrier modulation is better suited for high-bandwidth, short-range communication like Wi-Fi. In modern Wi-Fi standards, we use multi-carrier modulation in the form of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing, or OFDM.
According to their lawyer in a 2009 patent dispute, CSIRO did not invent Wi-Fi, but it did invent the best way of doing it. CSIRO scientists tested hundreds of techniques until it found a unique combination that worked at high speeds. That combination involved multi-carrier modulation, forward error-correcting, and frequency interleaving to send multiple copies of the data. This specific combination of techniques is the secret sauce the CSIRO applied for a patent for in 1992, and was granted in 1996.
CSIRO didn't invent the underlying techniques, since they were already known. Frequency division multiplexing dates back to the late 1870s, when telegraph companies were trying to increase their capacity. Multi-carrier modulation was described in the 1950s. OFDM is attributed to Bell Labs employee Robert W. Chang back in 1966. Interleaving also dates back to the 1960s. Forward error correction was used when NASA sent the Mariner mission to Mars in 1968.
CSIRO also wasn't the first to combine these techniques and apply them to computer communication. Harris Semiconductor sold modems to the US military using these techniques in the 1980s. Critically, the Harris modem was never patented since interleaving, modulation, and coding had been around for decades by the time Harris came along. According to testimony, Intel official Stephen Saltzman said that outside CSIRO, engineers didn't take the idea of a Wi-Fi patent using these techniques seriously. Experts at Intel had already shipped products based on OFDM with previous employers, and thought that a new patent with OFDM didn't seem credible. Regardless of the merits and the origin of the ideas, US patent #5,487,069 was granted in 1996.
During the development of the 802.11a standard, CSIRO made the IEEE aware of its patent and offered to license it. Beyond that offer, CSIRO never got involved in the creation of the 802.11 standards. Dozens of companies made proposals to the various 802.11 committees, offering to submit their ideas or license their patents. CSIRO never submitted a proposal for the original 1997 standard, or any of the revisions. Despite their lack of involvement in the process and lack of licensing agreement, 802.11a, 802.11g, and later IEEE standards would go on to use OFDM and multi-carrier modulation.
Years later, CSIRO used this as the basis for lawsuits against major networking and technology companies. CSIRO won settlements worth $205 million in 2009, and another $229 million in 2012. If you want more detail on the CSIRO patent fight, Joe Mullin wrote a good piece for ArsTechnica back in 2012. Mark Summerfield wrote a counter-point to Joe's article for Patentology, looking at what the CSIRO patent did and didn't cover.
The truth is a messy thing. In Wi-Fi's case, success truly did have many fathers.

802.11 Timeline

Footnotes:

1 - ALOHAnet used 100 KHz channels, operating at 9600 baud on the 407 and 413 MHz UHF frequencies. It originally connected seven computers across four islands, which communicated wirelessly with a central computer in a star network topology.
2 - AT&T would go on to buy NCR in 1991, only to spin off the remnants of the division as NCR and Lucent by 1996.

Sources and Further Reading

submitted by mccanntech to networking [link] [comments]